Sacramento, California

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Sacramento, California
City of Sacramento
California State Capitol
Crocker Art Museum WestDowntown
Sacramento RiverfrontCalifornia Supreme Court
Flag of Sacramento, California
Official seal of Sacramento, California
Latin: Urbs Indomita
(English: "Indomitable City")
Location within Sacramento County
Location within Sacramento County
Sacramento is located in California
Location within California
Sacramento is located in the United States
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 38°33′20″N 121°28′08″W / 38.55556°N 121.46889°W / 38.55556; -121.46889Coordinates: 38°33′20″N 121°28′08″W / 38.55556°N 121.46889°W / 38.55556; -121.46889
Country United States
State California
County Sacramento
RegionSacramento Valley
IncorporatedFebruary 27, 1850[1]
Named forSacrament of the Holy Eucharist
 • TypeCity Council[3]
 • BodySacramento City Council
 • MayorDarrell Steinberg (D)[4]
 • City Council[4]
Council Members
  • Angelique Ashby
  • Allen Warren
  • Jeff Harris
  • Steve Hansen
  • Jay Schenirer
  • Eric Guerra
  • Rick Jennings, II
  • Larry Carr
 • City100.11 sq mi (259.27 km2)
 • Land97.92 sq mi (253.62 km2)
 • Water2.18 sq mi (5.65 km2)  2.19%
Elevation30 ft (9 m)
 • City466,488
 • Estimate 
 • Rank1st in Sacramento County
6th in California
35th in the United States
 • Density5,057.33/sq mi (1,952.65/km2)
 • Urban1,723,634
 • Metro2,149,127
 • CSA2,414,783
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
942xx, 958xx
Area code916 and 279
FIPS code06-64000
GNIS feature IDs1659564, 2411751
Primary AirportSacramento International Airport
SMF (Major/International)
InterstatesI-5 (CA).svg I-80 (CA).svg Business Loop 80 (CA).svg I-305 (CA).svg
U.S. RoutesUS 50 (CA).svg
State RoutesCalifornia 16.svg California 51.svg California 99.svg California 160.svg California 244.svg California 275.svg
Light RailSacramento RT Light Rail
Commuter RailAmtrak logo.svg
Altamont Corridor Express (planned)
CAHSR (planned)

Sacramento is the capital of the U.S. state of California. The governor and legislature of California are in Sacramento. About 400,000 people live in Sacramento. About 1,700,000 live in and around Sacramento.

Sacramento comes from Spanish and Portuguese for holy rite. A sacrament is a religious act that gives people divine grace (being liked or favored by God.)

Sacramento was started in 1848 by John Sutter. It was a very important place during the California Gold Rush. The Gold Rush was the time after gold was found in California. Many people came to California to find gold. They did this to make money. During the Gold Rush, Sacramento was where the railroad ended. It was also where the Pony Express stopped.

Sacramento is near where the American River meets the Sacramento River. This was important when Sacramento was founded. It meant that ships could bring things to Sacramento from the Pacific Ocean. Sacramento was a railroad town. This made Sacramento a port town. This made it a very important place for business.

References[change | change source]

  1. "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on February 21, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. "City Hall". City of Sacramento. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  3. "City Hall". City of Sacramento. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Mayor & Council". City of Sacramento. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  5. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 28, 2017.
  6. "Sacramento". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
  7. "American Fact Finder – Results". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 17, 2015. Retrieved April 17, 2015.
  8. "American Fact Finder – Results". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 7, 2015. Retrieved April 6, 2015.
  9. "American Fact Finder – Results". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 7, 2015. Retrieved April 6, 2015.
The Sacramento River and the buildings in the background.
Old Town Sacramento