Sadri language

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Sadri
Nagpuri
Sadani
Native toIndia
RegionJharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Odisha
Native speakers
5.1 million (2011 census)[1] [2]
Census results conflate some speakers with Hindi.
Early form
Devanagari, Kaithi, Eastern Nagari, Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
sck – Sadri
sdr – Oraon Sadri
Glottologsada1242[3]

Sadri (also Nagpuri) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Indian states of Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Odisha. It is the native language of the Sadaan, an ethino-linguistic group of the of Chota Nagpur region.[4] In addition to native speaker, Sadri is also used as a lingua-fraca by large number of tribal groups such as: Kharia, Munda, Bhumij, Kurukh and many of these tribal group have adopted Sadri as their first language.[5] It spoken by many Tea-tribes of Assam, West Bengal and Bangladesh.[6]

Script[change | change source]

In past, either Devanagari or Kaithi script were use in writing Nagpuri poems. [7] In present, Nagpuri is commonly written in the Devanagari script.[8]

Geographical Distribution[change | change source]

Nagpuri language is chiefly spoken in western Chota Nagpur Plateau region of west-central Jharkhand in districts such as Latehar, Lohardaga, Chatra, Palamu, Garhwa, Gumla, Simdega, Ranchi, Khunti, West Singhbhum North-east Chhattisgarh in district Jashpur, Surguja, Balrampur, South-east Uttar Pradesh in Sonbhadra, Northern Odisha in Sundargarh and south-west Bihar in Aurangabad district.[6] [9]

Alternate names[change | change source]

Alternate names of dialects include: Sadani, Sadana, Sadati, Sadari, Sadhan, Sadna, Sadrik, Santri, Siddri, Sradri, Sadhari, Sadan, Nagpuria, Nagpuri, Chota Nagpuri, Dikku Kaji, Gawari, Ganwari, Goari, Gauuari, Jharkhandhi.[10][11][12]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-12-20. Retrieved 2018-12-20.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Sadri". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-11-27. Retrieved 2016-11-26.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. "Sadani / Sadri". www.southasiabibliography.de.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Sadri". Ethnologue.
  7. "Giant new chapter for Nagpuri poetry". www.telegraphindia.com.
  8. "Sadani / Sadri". www.southasiabibliography.de.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-13-20. Retrieved 2018-12-20. Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. "Sadri (Language code 'sck')". Global Recordings Network. Archived from the original on 2018-12-20. Retrieved 2018-12-20.
  11. "Oraon Sadri (Language code 'sdr')". Global Recordings Network. Archived from the original on 2018-12-20. Retrieved 2018-12-20.
  12. "Ethnologue report for language code: sck". Ethnologue. Archived from the original on 2018-12-20. Retrieved 2018-12-20.