Saint-Gaudens, Haute-Garonne

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Saint-Gaudens
Church of Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Gaudens
Church of Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Gaudens
Coat of arms of Saint-Gaudens
Coat of arms
Saint-Gaudens is located in France
Saint-Gaudens
Saint-Gaudens
Location within Occitanie region
Saint-Gaudens is located in Occitanie
Saint-Gaudens
Saint-Gaudens
Coordinates: 43°06′32″N 0°43′27″E / 43.1089°N 0.7242°E / 43.1089; 0.7242Coordinates: 43°06′32″N 0°43′27″E / 43.1089°N 0.7242°E / 43.1089; 0.7242
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentHaute-Garonne
ArrondissementSaint-Gaudens
CantonSaint-Gaudens
IntercommunalitySaint-Gaudinois
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Jean-Yves Duclos[1]
Area
1
27.4 km2 (10.6 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)2
11,255
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Saint-Gaudinois
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
31483 /31800
Elevation338–558 m (1,109–1,831 ft)
(avg. 372 m or 1,220 ft)
Websitewww.stgo.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Gaudens (Gascon: Sent Gaudenç) is a commune in the Haute-Garonne department in southwestern France. It is the capital of the arrondissement of Saint-Gaudens and of the canton of Saint-Gaudens.

History[change | change source]

Garden in the cloister of Saint-Gaudens

In antiquity, the present place of the city was near a Roman road between Toulouse and Dax, where there was a rural area called Mansus; Mansus was named later as Mas Saint-Pierre after the Christianization of the region.

In 475, a young Christian boy, Gaudens, was killed by the Visigoths and he was buried in this place. The town took its current name in the ninth century, because may people came here to worship the martyr; the relics of Gaudens were deposited in the church of Mas-Saint-Pierre.

As an important regional market place, Saint-Gaudens became the economic capital of the Comminges (a natural region and an old French region on the hills at the base of the Pyrenees).[2]

Geography[change | change source]

The city of Saint-Gaudens is in the Comminges, at the foot of the Pyrenees. It is about 90 km (56 mi) to the southwest of Toulouse and at about 70 km (43 mi) from Tarbes (Hautes-Pyrénées).

It is found on the left side of the Garonne river.

The commune has an area of 27.4 km2 (10.6 sq mi),[3] and its average altitude is 372 m (1,220 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 401 m (1,316 ft).[4].

Saint-Gaudens and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune de Saint-Gaudens

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of Saint-Gaudens, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.[5]

Climate data for Saint-Gaudens
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
11.1
(52.0)
15.2
(59.4)
17.3
(63.1)
20.3
(68.5)
24.6
(76.3)
26.3
(79.3)
26.4
(79.5)
24.1
(75.4)
20.5
(68.9)
13.9
(57.0)
9.6
(49.3)
18.1
(64.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
5.6
(42.1)
9.2
(48.6)
11.8
(53.2)
15.2
(59.4)
19.5
(67.1)
21.0
(69.8)
21.0
(69.8)
18.3
(64.9)
14.9
(58.8)
9.1
(48.4)
5.0
(41.0)
12.9
(55.2)
Average low °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
0.1
(32.2)
3.1
(37.6)
6.3
(43.3)
10.0
(50.0)
14.3
(57.7)
15.7
(60.3)
15.6
(60.1)
12.5
(54.5)
9.2
(48.6)
4.2
(39.6)
0.5
(32.9)
7.5
(45.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 70.7
(2.78)
45.3
(1.78)
68.9
(2.71)
106.7
(4.20)
94.8
(3.73)
47.0
(1.85)
33.8
(1.33)
52.8
(2.08)
61.8
(2.43)
51.6
(2.03)
69.6
(2.74)
71.2
(2.80)
764.6
(30.10)
Source: Meteo-climat June 2014

Population[change | change source]

Bell tower of the Collégiale St Pierre et St Gaudens

The inhabitants of Saint-Gaudens are known, in French, as Saint-Gaudinois (women: Saint-Gaudinoises).[6]

Saint-Gaudens has a population, in 2014, of 11,255,[7] for a population density of 410.8 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Saint-Gaudens

Administration[change | change source]

Saint-Gaudens is a subprefecture of the Haute-Garonne department, the capital of the arrondissement of Saint-Gaudens and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of the canton of Saint-Gaudens.

It is part of the intercommunality Cœur et Coteaux de Comminges (French: Communauté de communes Cœur et Coteaux de Comminges).

Sister cities[change | change source]

Saint-Gaudens is twinned with:

Sites of interest[change | change source]

Some important buildings are:

  • The Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Gaudens church
  • The Saint-Jacques chapelle
  • The Cloister (part of the cloister that remains of the old Bonnefond abbey)

References[change | change source]

  1. "Le Conseil Municipal" (in French). Mairie de Saint-Gaudens. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  2. "Histoire et patrimoine". Saint-Gaudens - Office de Tourisme. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  3. "Commune de Saint-Gaudens (31483)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  4. "Saint-Gaudens". Map-France.com. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
  5. "La ville de Saint-Gaudens". Annuaire-Mairie.fr (in French). Retrieved 15 June 2013.
  6. "Habitants du départment: Haute-Garonne (31)" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  7. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 13 March 2017.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]