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Salto Department

Coordinates: 31°18′57″S 57°2′12″W / 31.31583°S 57.03667°W / -31.31583; -57.03667
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A street in the ciyt of Salto
A street in the city of Salto.
Flag of Salto
Coat of arms of Salto
Location of Salto, in red, in Uruguay
Location of Salto, in red, in Uruguay
Coordinates: 31°18′57″S 57°2′12″W / 31.31583°S 57.03667°W / -31.31583; -57.03667
Country Uruguay
Creation17 June 1837
 • IntendantAndrés Lima[1]
 • Total14,163 km2 (5,468 sq mi)
 • Total124,878
 • Density8.8/km2 (23/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-03 (UYT)
ISO 3166 codeUY-SA
WebsiteOfficial website

The Salto department (Spanish: Departamento de Salto) is a department of Uruguay. The capital is the city of Salto.

Its ISO 3166-2 code is UY-SA.

The name of the department and of its capital city comes from the presence of small waterfalls (Spanish: Saltos) in the Uruguay river.

The Salto department was made on 17 June 1837; then, the department included the present Artigas Department. Its final borders were defined on 1 October 1884, when the Artigas department was separated from Salto.


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Map of Salto

The Salto department is in the northwestern part of the country. It has an area of 14,163 km2 (5,468 sq mi), the second largest in the country after the Tacuarembó department. It is the fourth department with more people living in it, with a population of 124,878 inhabitants (2011 census) for a population density of 10.5.

There are two chains of low and rounded hills in the department. These chains of are known as cuchillas in the country. The two cuchillas in the department are the cuchilla de los Arapeyes to the north, and the cuchilla del Daymán that runs across the department from the southeast to the northeast. Between these two chains is the valley of the Arapey Grande river.

The main rivers in the department are:

  1. Uruguay river to the west; it makes the border with Argentina.
  2. Arapey Grande river, a tributary of the Uruguay river.
  3. Daymán river to the south; it is also a tributary of the Uruguay river and forms the border with the Paysandú department.

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate in the city of Salto is a "Humid subtropical climate" and of the subtype Cfa.[3]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Salto is 1,277.6 mm (50.3 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is March with 137.2 mm (5.4 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is August with an average of 66 mm (2.6 in).

The average temperature for the year in Salto is 18.1 °C (64.6 °F). The warmest month, on average, is January with an average temperature of 25 °C (77 °F). The coolest month on average is June, with an average temperature of 11.7 °C (53.1 °F).


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The inhabitants of the Salto department (and of the city of Artigas) are known, in Spanish, as Salteños (women: Salteñas.

Evolution of the population in Salto

Rural population

According to the 2011 census, the Artigas department has a rural population of 7,849.[2]

Main towns
City / Town Population
Salto 104,028
Constitución 2,762
Belén 1,926
Pueblo Lavalleja 956
San Antonio 877
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  1. "Intendente Municipal" (in Spanish). Intendencia de Salto. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Censos 2011". Instituto Nacional de Estadística. 10 August 2012. Archived from the original on 5 March 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  3. "Salto, Uruguay - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 22 July 2017.

Other websites

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