Samaná Province

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Coordinates: 19°12′0″N 69°19′0″W / 19.2°N 69.316667°W / 19.2; -69.316667
Samaná
Province
Santa Barbara de Samaná (Dominican Republic).jpeg
A street in Santa Barbara de Samaná
Country  Dominican Republic
Development region[1] Cibao Nordeste (III)
Capital Samaná
 - elevation 15 m (49 ft)
 - coordinates 19°12′0″N 69°19′0″W / 19.2°N 69.316667°W / 19.2; -69.316667
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean
 - elevation m (0 ft)
Area 862.8 km² (333 sq mi)
Population 101,494 (2010) [2]
Density 118 /km² (306 /sq mi)
Province since 1867
Subdivisions 3 municipalities
3 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
2 Deputies
Timezone EST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-20
Location of the Samaná Province
Location of the Samaná Province

Samaná is a Dominican province. It is in the northeastern part of the country. It takes up the whole Samaná Peninsula. Its capital city is Santa Bárbara de Samaná, usually called just "Samaná". It is one of the main tourist regions of the country with several important resorts.

Name[change | change source]

The word Samaná, written as Xamaná [3] centuries ago, is the Taíno name of the region. The meaning of the word is unknown.

History[change | change source]

Samaná was visited by Christopher Columbus in January 1493, during his first travel to the Americas. At that moment, Samaná was occupied by Ciguayos, a tribe of Native Americans with the same culture of the Taínos but a different language.[4] They were the first Indians that fought against the Europeans.[5]

After the conquest of the Hispaniola island by the Spaniards, Samaná was occupied by different groups of Europeans, mainly French people. Some groups of maroon (runaway slaves) lived in the mountains for many years.

To fight against those European groups, Spain brought galleys (a galley was a narrow war ship where prisoners and slaves were used to move the ship),[6] and founded in 1756 the town of Santa Bárbara de Samaná on the northern coast of Samaná Bay, with people from the Canary Islands.

When the eastern part of the Hispaniola (the Santo Domingo colony) was given to France in 1795, the French government tried to develop the region, and many French families moved to Samaná to grow coffee; many places in Samaná have French names. Most of those French families left Samaná when Spain took again the colony in 1809.

During the Haitian Occupation (1822 - 1844), a fort was built in Los Cacaos (west of Santa Bárbara de Samaná) to control the Samaná Bay; another small fort was built in El Limón, on the northern coast.

Jean-Pierre Boyer, President of Haiti, sent some Haitian families to live in Tessón, to the north of Santa Bárbara de Samaná. Boyer brought ex-slaves from Philadelphia to live in the country, and 200 of them were taken to live in Samaná. Both the Haitian and the American populations kept their languages and traditions.[6]

After the Independence, several Dominican governments tried to sell or rent the Samaná Bay, with the peninsula, to several foreign governments but without any result.

In 1888, the railway from Sánchez to La Vega (in the La Vega province) began to run across the rich region of the Cibao. Sánchez became the most important port of the country during the rest of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century. The railroad worked until 1966.[6]

It was created as a Maritime District (a special administrative category that has been abandoned) on 4 June 1867. The 1907 Dominican Constitution changed its status to province with the municipalities of Samaná and Sánchez. In 1966, Las Terrenas was made the third municipality of the province.[7]

El Limón became a municipal district in 2001, Arroyo Barril in 2003 and Las Galeras in 2005.[7]

Location[change | change source]

To the north and east of the peninsula (and province) is the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. To the south is the Samaná Bay. Samaná shares borders with the Duarte and María Trinidad Sánchez provinces (west). It also shares a short border with the Monte Plata province.

Population[change | change source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 101,494 people living in the Samaná province, and 44,190 (43.5%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 117.6 persons/km².[2]

Its population represents 1.07% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 22nd (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

As of 2016, the total estimated propulation of the province is 108,238 inhabitants.[8]

The largest city of the province is Samaná, its head municipality or capital, with an urban population (in 2010) of 13,857 inhabitants.[2]

Geography[change | change source]

A mountain chain called Sierra de Samaná runs across the province, from west to east; only in the western part, west of Sánchez, there is flat land because it is an estuary. The Sierra de Samaná gets to the coast, except in some places where there are very good beaches. The highest mountain in the province is in the eastern part of the peninsula and is called La Meseta, 650 m (2,130 ft) high.

The altitude of Santa Bárbara de Samaná, provincial capital, is 15 m (49 ft) above sea level.[9]

Rivers[change | change source]

There are many rivers and creeks but all are very short because the mountains get very close to the coast. There are more rivers on the southern part of the province but the most important rivers (Limón, Cantón and San Juan) are on the northern part, flowing to the Atlantic Ocean;

In the southwestern part of the province is the Yuna river, one of the most important river of the country; it flows into the Samaná Bay.

Climate[change | change source]

Samaná has a wet tropical climate, with temperature of 26.0 °C (78.8 °F), on average. The yearly rainfall on the Sierra de Samaná is above 2,000 mm (79 in).

Municipalities[change | change source]

There are 3 municipalities and 3 municipal districts (M.D.) in the province.[7]

Municipalities of Samaná Province
Municipalities of the Samaná province
Municipality
(code)
Municipal Districts (code) Population
(2010)
Area
(km2)
Density Altitude
(m)
Santa Bárbara de Samaná (200101) 33,196 212.6 156.1 15
El Limón (200102) 7,024 34.3 204.8 55
Arroyo Barril (200103) 11,007 33.8 325.7 72
Las Galeras (200104) 6,929 130.1 53.3 16
Samaná (200100) 58,156 410.8 141.6
Sánchez (200201) 24,509 340.1 72.1 19
Sánchez (200200) 24,509 340.1 72.1
Las Terrenas (200301) 18,829 111.9 168.3 17
Las Terrenas (200300) 18,829 111.9 168.3
Samaná (200000) 101,494 862.8 117.6

Economy[change | change source]

The most important economic activity of the province is agriculture; Samaná is the biggest producer of coconut in the country but the demand for that product is diminishing. Cacao and rice are produced in the western part of the province.

Even if fishing was a very important activity, its importance has been reduced because the Yuna River has been filling the Samaná Bay with solid material.

Tourism is very important in the province because of the beautiful beaches in the province. Whale-watching is an important economic activity because many tourists come the province to watch the humpback whales that come in late winter and early spring to breed in the warm waters of the Samaná Bay.

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "División Territorial 2012" (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). May 2012. p. 14. http://www.one.gob.do/Multimedia/Download?ObjId=3321. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  3. Martyr D'Anghiera, Peter (1912) [ca. 1504-1526], De Orbe Novo, Volume 1, Francis MacNutt (trans.) (Project Gutenberg reproduction ed.), pp. Third Decade: Book VII, http://www.gutenberg.org/files/12425/12425-h/12425-h.htm, retrieved 19 September 2007
  4. Veloz Maggiolo, Marcio (1972) (in Spanish). Arqueología Prehistórica de Santo Domingo. Singapur: McGraw-Hill Far Eastern Publishers. pp. 88.
  5. Las Casas, Bartolomé de (1965) (in Spanish). Historia de las Indias. Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Económica.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Vega, Bernardo (2004) (in Spanish). Breve historia de Samaná. Santo Domingo: Fundación Cultural Dominicana. ISBN ISBN 9993-42706-3.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "División Territorial 2015" (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). October 2015. http://www.one.gob.do/Multimedia/Download?ObjId=6159. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  8. "REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA: Población por año calendario, según sexo y grupos quinquenales de edad, 2015-2020" (in Spanish) (XLS). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). http://www.one.gob.do/Multimedia/Download?ObjId=7709. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  9. "Samaná". Geonames.org. http://www.geonames.org/3492997/samana.html. Retrieved 22 November 2016.