San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge
|Carries||10 lanes of I-80 throughout, and pedestrians and bicycles east of Yerba Buena Island (YBI)|
|Crosses||San Francisco Bay|
|Locale||San Francisco and Oakland, California, United States|
|Owner||State of California|
|Maintained by||California Department of Transportation and the Bay Area Toll Authority|
|Design||Double-decked suspension spans (two, connected by center anchorage), tunnel, cast-in-place concrete transition span, self-anchored suspension span, precast segmental concrete viaduct|
|Total length||West: 10,304 ft (3,141 m) |
East span: 10,176 ft (3,102 m)
Total: 4.46 miles (7.18 km)
|Width||West: 5 traffic lanes totaling 57.5 ft (17.5 m) |
East: 10 traffic lanes totaling 258.33 ft (78.74 m)
|Height||West: 526 ft (160 m)|
|Longest span||West: two main spans |
2,310 ft (704 m)
East: one main span
1,400 ft (430 m)
|Clearance above||Westbound: 14 feet (4.3 m), with additional clearance in some lanes |
Eastbound: 14.67 feet (4.47 m)
|Clearance below||West: 220 feet (67 m) |
East: 136 feet (41 m)
|Designer||Charles H. Purcell|
|Construction start||July 8, 1933|
|Opened||November 12, 1936|
|Toll||Cars (east span, westbound only) |
$7.00 (rush hours)
$2.50 (carpool rush hours)
$5.00 (weekday non-rush hours)
$6.00 (weekend all day)
|Designated||August 13, 2001|
It has two spans over water. The western span is a suspension bridge. The eastern span is a self-anchored suspension bridge. The eastern span used to be a cantilever bridge but it was removed once the new bridge opened. The cantilever span was destroyed in the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake, which is one of the reasons why the Eastern span was replaced.
The western span is a double suspension bridge with two decks. Westbound traffic is carried on the upper deck and eastbound on the lower deck. The new east span is a single deck with the eastbound and westbound lanes on each side. It is the world's widest bridge.
References[change | change source]
- "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form". National Park Service – USDoI. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
- San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge Archived November 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- "Traffic Census Program". California Department of Transportation. 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
Traffic Volumes: Annual Average Daily Traffic
- "San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge". Metropolitan Transportation Commission. Bay Area Toll Authority. 2014–15. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
45.5 million toll-paid vehicles (91.0 million trips) annually
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- In a self-anchored suspension bridge the main cables are attached to the end of the road deck. This avoids having anchor points in unstable ground.
- Press release (California Department of Transportation) 2014.