San Francisco de Macorís

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San Francisco de Macorís
Municipality
Saint Anna cathedral
San Francisco de Macorís is located in Dominican Republic
San Francisco de Macorís
Coordinates: 19°18′0″N 70°15′0″W / 19.3°N 70.25°W / 19.3; -70.25Coordinates: 19°18′0″N 70°15′0″W / 19.3°N 70.25°W / 19.3; -70.25
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Duarte
Founded 1778
Municipality since
1864
Municipal Districts Cenoví, Jaya, La Peña, Antonio Guzmán Fernández
Area[1]
 • Total 284.5 km2 (109.8 sq mi)
 • Urban[2] 38.59 km2 (14.90 sq mi)
Elevation 104 m (341 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 149,508
 • Density 525.51/km2 (1,361.07/sq mi)
 • Urban 132,725
Demonym(s) Francomacorisano (female, francomacorisana)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance: 40 km (25 mi) to Vega
135 km (84 mi) to Santo Domingo

The Dominican city of San Francisco de Macorís is the head municipality of the Duarte province, on the northeast of the country.

It is located on the eastern part of the Cibao Valley; it is the largest city of the Dominican northeast and it is the centre of the region.

Population[change | change source]

The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 149,508: 73,705 men and 75,803 women. The urban population was 88.8% of the total population, one of the most urban municipality in the country.[1]

History[change | change source]

When the country was a Spanish colony, the region where the city is now was known as the Partido de Macorís ("partido" was an old Spanish subdivision like a municipality). It had the name of "Macorís" because on the mountains to the north of the area lived native people named Macorís or Macorix, different from the Taínos.[3]

Those people that were living here founded, on 20 September 1778, the town in a place called El Rincón de San Francisco and, for that reason, they gave to the new town the name that it has now: San Francisco de Macorís, that in English would be "St. Francis of Macoris".

San Francisco de Macorís was part of La Vega province until 1885 when it became a municipality of the Espaillat province. With the creation of the Duarte province, San Francisco de Macorís became its head municipality, like the capital city, of the new province.

Geography[change | change source]

San Francisco de Macorís has a total area of 284.5 km2 (109.8 sq mi). It has four municipal districts (a municipal district is a subdivision of a municipality). These are Cenoví, Jaya, La Peña and Presidente Don Antonio Guzmán Fernández.[1]

San Francisco de Macorís is at 135 km (84 mi) to the northwest of Santo Domingo, in the Cibao Oriental (in English, "Eastern Cibao"), the eastern part of the Cibao Valley. Most of the municipality is in the valley but the northern part of it is on the Cordillera Septentrional (in English, "Northern mountain range"); the mountains here are not very high. The altitude of the city of San Francisco de Macorís is 104 m (341 ft) above sea level.[4]

The municipality has the María Trinidad Sánchez province to the north and east, the municipality of Las Guáranas to the south, the La Vega province to the southwest, the Hermanas Mirabal province to the west and the Espaillat province to the northwest.

Rivers here are short with their sources in the Cordillera Septentrional; they are tributaries of the River Camú, a tributary of the River Yuna that flows to the Samaná Bay. The most important river in the municipality is the River Jaya, that flows to the west of the city; San Francisco de Macorís is also known as "The City of the Jaya" because of this small river.

Climate[change | change source]

San Francisco de Macorís has a tropical wet climate (Köppen climate classification : Af) with no dry or cold season as it is constantly moist.[5]

The average amount of rainfall for the year in the city is 1,448 mm (57.0 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 192.6 mm (7.6 in) of rainfall, followed by November with 173.6 mm (6.8 in).

The driest season is winter. The month with the least rainfall on average is March with an average of 64.6 mm (2.5 in) and the second is February with 72.8 mm (2.9 in).

San Francisco de Macorís is in a warm region; the average temperature for the year is 24.9 °C (77 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 26.4 °C (79.5 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 23 °C (73.40 °F).

Climate data for San Francisco de Macorís (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.3
(82.9)
28.7
(83.7)
29.6
(85.3)
30.5
(86.9)
30.9
(87.6)
31.7
(89.1)
31.9
(89.4)
32.0
(89.6)
32.2
(90)
31.9
(89.4)
29.9
(85.8)
28.6
(83.5)
30.52
(86.93)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.0
(73.4)
23.1
(73.6)
23.7
(74.7)
24.6
(76.3)
25.5
(77.9)
26.2
(79.2)
26.4
(79.5)
26.3
(79.3)
26.4
(79.5)
26.0
(78.8)
24.7
(76.5)
23.5
(74.3)
24.95
(76.91)
Average low °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
17.4
(63.3)
17.7
(63.9)
18.7
(65.7)
20.0
(68)
20.6
(69.1)
20.8
(69.4)
20.6
(69.1)
20.5
(68.9)
20.1
(68.2)
19.4
(66.9)
18.4
(65.1)
19.33
(66.79)
Rainfall mm (inches) 82.1
(3.232)
72.8
(2.866)
64.6
(2.543)
97.2
(3.827)
192.6
(7.583)
115.8
(4.559)
125.8
(4.953)
163.2
(6.425)
121.8
(4.795)
128.1
(5.043)
173.6
(6.835)
110.4
(4.346)
1,448
(57.008)
Source #1: NOAA[6]
Source #2: Climatemps.com[5]

Administrative division[change | change source]

The municipality of San Francisco de Macorís has four municipal districts:[1]

Municipal districts of San Francisco de Macorís
Code Municipal district Population
(2010)
060102 La Peña 11,452
060103 Cenoví 14,689
060104 Jaya 5,471
060105 Presidente Don Antonio Guzmán Fernández 6,998

Economy[change | change source]

Even if there are some industries in the city, the most important economic activity is farming. Coffee, cacao, rice and plantain are the most important crops.

Cattle raising is also very important. with an important production of milk.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  2. "Expansión Urbana de las ciudades capitales de R.D. 1988-2010. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. April 2015. p. 34. http://www.one.gob.do/Multimedia/Download?ObjId=5645f. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  3. Vega, Bernardo (1989). Los Cacicazgos de la Hispaniola. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Museo del Hombre Dominicano. pp. 49-64.
  4. l "San Francisco de Macorís". Geonames.org. http://www.geonames.org/3493146/san%20francisco%20de%20macoris.html l. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "S. F. Macoris Climate & Temperature". Climatemps.com. http://www.s-f-macoris.climatemps.com/. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  6. "S. F. Macoris Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. ftp://ftp.atdd.noaa.gov/pub/GCOS/WMO-Normals/TABLES/REG_IV/DR/00000045.TXT. Retrieved 8 October 2016.


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