San Francisco de Macorís

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San Francisco de Macorís
San Francisco de Macorís is located in Dominican Republic
San Francisco de Macorís
Coordinates: 19°18′0″N 70°15′0″W / 19.3°N 70.25°W / 19.3; -70.25Coordinates: 19°18′0″N 70°15′0″W / 19.3°N 70.25°W / 19.3; -70.25
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Duarte
Municipal Districts 4
Founded 1778
Municipality since 1864
 • Total 763.77 km2 (294.89 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 110 m (360 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 188,118
 • Density 246/km2 (640/sq mi)
 • Urban 139,844
  Including populations of its municipal districts
Demonym(s) Francomacorisano (female, francomacorisana)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance 40 km (25 mi) to Vega
135 km (84 mi) to Santo Domingo

The Dominican city of San Francisco de Macorís is the head municipality of the Duarte province, on the northeast of the country.

It is located on the eastern part of the Cibao Valley; it is the largest city of the Dominican northeast and it is the centre of the region.

Geography[change | change source]

The municipality has a total area of 763.77 km².[1] It has four municipal districts (a municipal district is a subdivision of a municipality).[4] These are Cenoví, Jaya, La Peña and Presidente Don Antonio Guzmán Fernández.

San Francisco de Macorís is at 135 km to the northwest of Santo Domingo, in the Cibao Oriental (in English, "Eastern Cibao"), the eastern part of the Cibao Valley. Most of the municipality is in the valley but the northern part of it is on the Cordillera Septentrional (in English, "Northern mountain range"); the mountains here are not very high.

The municipality has the María Trinidad Sánchez province to the north and east, the municipality of Las Guáranas to the south, the La Vega province to the southwest, the Hermanas Mirabal province to the west and the Espaillat province to the northwest.

Rivers here are short with their sources in the Cordillera Septentrional; they are tributaries of the River Camú, a tributary of the River Yuna that flows to the Samaná Bay. The most important river in the municipality is the River Jaya, that flows to the west of the city; San Francisco de Macorís is also known as "The City of the Jaya" because of this small river.

The city of San Francisco de Macorís is at an elevation of 110 m with an average temperature in the city of 25.7°C and the average rainfall of 1,427.9 mm.[2]

Population[change | change source]

The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 188,118: 94,141 men and 93,977 women. The urban population was 74.34% of the total population. In this numbers are included the population of its municipal districts. The population of San Francisco de Macoríswithout its municipal districts was 149,508.[3]

History[change | change source]

When the country was a Spanish colony, the region where the city is now was known as the Partido de Macorís ("partido" was an old Spanish subdivision like a municipality). It had the name of "Macorís" because on the mountains to the north of the area lived native people named Macorís or Macorix, different from the Taínos.[5]

Those people that were living here founded, on 20 September 1778, the town in a place called El Rincón de San Francisco and, for that reason, they gave to the new town the name that it has now: San Francisco de Macorís, that in English would be "St. Francis of Macoris".

San Francisco de Macorís was part of La Vega province until 1885 when it became a municipality of the Espaillat province. With the creation of the Duarte province, San Francisco de Macorís became its head municipality, like the capital city, of the new province.

Economy[change | change source]

Even if there are some industries in the city, the most important economic activity is farming. Coffee, cacao, rice and plantain are the most important crops.

Cattle raising is also very important. with an important production of milk.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. 2.0 2.1 De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2009-10-01.
  5. Vega, Bernardo (1989). Los Cacicazgos de la Hispaniola. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Museo del Hombre Dominicano. pp. 49-64.

Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic Flag of the Dominican Republic
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este