Sanday, Orkney

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Sanday
Norse nameSandey[1][2]
Meaning of nameOld Norse: sand island[3]
An aerial view of the southern coast of Sanday, looking west. Tres Ness and Conninghole are in the foreground.
An aerial view of the southern coast of Sanday, looking west. Tres Ness and Conninghole are in the foreground.
Location
Sanday is located in Orkney Islands
Sanday
Sanday
Sanday shown within Orkney
OS grid referenceHY677411
Coordinates59°15′N 2°33′W / 59.25°N 2.55°W / 59.25; -2.55Coordinates: 59°15′N 2°33′W / 59.25°N 2.55°W / 59.25; -2.55
Physical geography
Island groupOrkney
Area5,043 ha (19.5 sq mi)[3]
Area rank21 [5]
Highest elevation20 m (66 ft)[4]
Administration
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryScotland
Council areaOrkney Islands
Demographics
Population478[4]
Population rank22 [5]
Population density9.8 people/km2[3][6]
Largest settlementLady
Lymphad3.svg
References[7]

Sanday is one of the inhabited islands of Orkney, Scotland. It covers an area of 50.43 square kilometres (19.5 sq mi).[3] It is the third largest of the Orkney Islands.[8] The main centres of population are Lady Village and Kettletoft. Sanday can be reached by Orkney Ferries or plane from Kirkwall on the Orkney Mainland. Cultural activities revolve around the school.

Climate[change | change source]

Climate data for Sanday airfield, 14m amsl, 1981-2010, extremes 1973-present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
14.5
(58.1)
20.0
(68.0)
21.0
(69.8)
22.0
(71.6)
23.0
(73.4)
25.0
(77.0)
25.0
(77.0)
26.0
(78.8)
18.3
(64.9)
16.0
(60.8)
12.8
(55.0)
26.0
(78.8)
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
6.4
(43.5)
7.6
(45.7)
9.5
(49.1)
12.0
(53.6)
14.0
(57.2)
15.9
(60.6)
16.0
(60.8)
14.1
(57.4)
11.4
(52.5)
8.6
(47.5)
6.8
(44.2)
10.7
(51.3)
Average low °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
1.7
(35.1)
2.4
(36.3)
3.8
(38.8)
5.6
(42.1)
8.1
(46.6)
10.2
(50.4)
10.3
(50.5)
8.8
(47.8)
6.7
(44.1)
4.2
(39.6)
2.3
(36.1)
5.5
(41.9)
Record low °C (°F) −6.0
(21.2)
−13.0
(8.6)
−13.9
(7.0)
−11.5
(11.3)
−2.1
(28.2)
1.0
(33.8)
3.4
(38.1)
3.7
(38.7)
0.5
(32.9)
−10.8
(12.6)
−6.5
(20.3)
−9.0
(15.8)
−13.9
(7.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 109.7
(4.32)
93.3
(3.67)
95.7
(3.77)
60.3
(2.37)
48.0
(1.89)
52.7
(2.07)
57.4
(2.26)
66.3
(2.61)
96.0
(3.78)
95.3
(3.75)
126.0
(4.96)
107.8
(4.24)
1,008.5
(39.69)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 20.1 16.8 17.9 13.4 10.6 10.7 11.6 12.5 16.2 19.6 20.8 18.5 188.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 32.2 59.3 98.2 136.8 190.0 148.6 132.2 129.7 105.3 75.8 40.1 24.5 1,172.7
Source #1: Met Office for averages[9]
Source #2: Voodoo Skies for extremes except February high,[10] Weather Underground for the remaining extreme[11]

References[change | change source]

  1. Orkney Placenames. Orkneyjar. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  2. Anderson (1873) p. 176
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 392
  4. 4.0 4.1 "www.orkneyislands.info - A complete visitor's guide - Sanday". orkneyislands.info. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands over 20 ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
  6. National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  7. Pedersen, Roy (January 1992) Orkneyjar ok Katanes (map, Inverness, Nevis Print)
  8. Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 334
  9. "Sanday Airfield climate". metoffice.gov.uk. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  10. "Orkney Monthly Temperature". Voodoo Skies. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  11. "Weather - Personal Weather Station: IORKNEYS2 by Wunderground.com - Weather Underground". wunderground.com. Retrieved 15 September 2015.