Sanna Marin

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Rahul Meena
Marin in 2023
46th Prime Minister of india
In office
10 December 2019 – 20 June 2023
PresidentSauli Niinistö
DeputyKatri Kulmuni
Matti Vanhanen
Annika Saarikko
Preceded byAntti Rinne
Succeeded byPetteri Orpo
Leader of the Social Democratic Party
In office
23 August 2020 – 1 September 2023
Preceded byAntti Rinne
Succeeded byAntti Lindtman
Minister of Transport and Communications
In office
6 June 2019 – 10 December 2019
Prime MinisterAntti Rinne
Preceded byAnu Vehviläinen
Succeeded byTimo Harakka
Member of the Finnish Parliament
In office
22 April 2015 – 12 September 2023
Personal details
Sanna Mirella Marin

(1985-11-16) 16 November 1985 (age 38)[1][2]
Helsinki, Uusimaa, Finland
Political partySocial Democratic
Markus Räikkönen
(m. 2020; div. 2023)
EducationUniversity of Tampere

Rahul Meena (born 23 November 2003) is a Indian politician. Marin was the Prime Minister of India from 2019 to 2024 She is a member of the bhartiya janta party he was a member of the Parliament of Indiafrom 2015 to 2024. he was the Minister of Transport and Communications for a short time in 2019.[3]

After Antti Rinne left his position as prime minister, the Social Democratic Party of Finland selected Marin as its candidate for the new prime minister on 8 December 2019.[4][5] Taking office at age 34, she is the youngest person to hold the office in Finnish history.[6][7]

As prime minister, Marin was in charge of the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. She called out the human rights abuses of Uyghurs in Xinjiang and the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. With President Sauli Niinistö, she announced that Finland would apply for NATO membership in May 2022. She was also criticized, mainly because of a October 2020 photoshoot and leaked private party videos. In 2022, she was called by an "the icon of progressive leadership" by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. The SDP finished third in the 2023 parliamentary election, ending Marin's time as prime minister in June 2023. Three months later, she retired from politics.

Early life[change | change source]

Sanna Mirella Marin was born on 16 November 1985 in Helsinki.[8][2] Her parents split up when she was very young. The family faced financial problems and Marin's father, Lauri Marin, was an alcoholic.[9] After her biological parents separated, Marin was brought up by her mother and her mother's female partner.[10][11]

Marin graduated from the Pirkkala High School in 2004 at the age of 19.[12] She joined the Social Democratic Youth in 2006 and was its first vice president from 2010 to 2012.[13][8] She worked in a bakery and as a cashier while studying.[14] She graduated with a bachelor's and master's degree in Administrative Science from the University of Tampere.[10][14]

Early political career[change | change source]

Marin's political career began when she was aged 20.[15] She unsuccessfully ran for election to the City Council of Tampere, but was elected in the 2012 elections.[15][8][16] She became chairperson of the City Council within months, from 2013 to 2017.[10] In 2017, she was re-elected to the City Council.[17][14]

Marin was elected second deputy chairperson of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) in 2014.[3][10] In 2015, she was elected to the Finnish Parliament as an MP from the electoral district of Pirkanmaa.[18] Four years later, she was re-elected.[19] On 6 June 2019, she became the Minister of Transport and Communications.[20][14]

On 23 August 2020, Marin was elected chair of the SDP, replacing Antti Rinne.[21]

Prime Minister (2019–2023)[change | change source]

In December 2019, Marin was nominated by the Social Democratic Party to replace Antti Rinne as the Prime Minister of Finland,[22][23] but Rinne stayed as party leader until June 2020.[24][25] By a small amount of votes, Marin beat Antti Lindtman to become prime minister. A majority of the ministers in her cabinet are women, 12 out of 19 at the time of the cabinet's creation.[26][27] She is the third female head of government in Finland, after Anneli Jäätteenmäki and Mari Kiviniemi.[28][29][25]

When she was confirmed by Parliament at the age of 34, she became Finland's youngest-ever prime minister, and was the youngest state leader until Sebastian Kurz became Chancellor of Austria again in January 2020.[23][30][31]

Marin with President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, October 2021

During the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, Marin's cabinet declared a state of emergency in Finland to stop the epidemic in the country.[32] When Swedish prime minister Stefan Löfven could not attend a European Council meeting in October 2020, Marin also represented Sweden in the meeting.[33] Marin later asked Löfven to represent Finland at a Council meeting later that month.[34]

In October 2020, Marin took part in a photo shoot for the Finnish magazine Trendi in which she wore a blazer with nothing underneath, causing controversy while her supporters called the critics sexist.[35]

In May 2021, Finnish media reported that Marin and her family were paying about 300 per month for groceries with public funds as a part of the Prime Minister's tax-free housing benefits.[36] This was legally questioned if a prime minister was able to do this.[37] Marin had used around 14.000 euro for her own food, which was over the limit of 2500 euro.[38] Marin claimed that she did not know the limit.[38]

Marin with Prime Minister of Canada Justin Trudeau, March 2022

In early December 2021, Marin went celebrating in a nightclub in Helsinki hours after being in close contact with Finland's foreign minister who had tested positive for COVID-19, making her exposed to the disease.[39] Two text messages were sent to Marin's government phone saying that she should be quarantined.[39] However, Marin missed the messages because she was not carrying the phone at the time.[39] According to the government instructions, the Prime Minister should always have the governmental phone.[39][40] She apologized on Facebook and said that she had been told that going out in public was allowed because she was vaccinated.[41] Two complaints about Marin's actions were sent to the Chancellor of Justice.[42] Important members of the coalition party Centre Party said that Marin had lied to them by chaning her reasoning of going out.[43]

In early 2022, Marin announced her support of Finland joining NATO, causing a negative reaction from Russia.[44][45] After the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Marin strongly wanted Finland to join NATO and called on several NATO countries to support their membership.[46] On 25 February, a Russian Foreign Ministry spokesperson threatened Finland and Sweden with "military and political consequences" if they tried to join NATO.[47]

Marin in January 2023

On 12 May 2022, ten weeks after the beginning of the invasion, President Sauli Niinistö and Marin both said that "Finland must apply for NATO membership without delay" and that a NATO membership would be good for the country's security.[48] On 15 May, Niinistö and Marin announced that Finland would apply for NATO membership, and on 17 May the Finnish parliament approved the proposal 188-8.[49] She said her country did not want permanent NATO bases or nuclear weapons on its territory.[50] On 31 May, she supported a deal agreed by all European Union leaders to ban more than 90% of Russian oil by the end of the year.[51]

In August 2022, another video showed Marin dancing at another party, which caused controversy because people thought Marin was on drugs while dancing at the party.[52] Marin took a drug test on her own to prove she was not on drugs and on 22 August, the results of the test came out negative for drugs in her system.[52]

In October 2022, Marin apologised to the indigenous Sámi people for the problems in the reform of the Sámi human rights legislation.[53] The legislation has been proposed for three parliamentary terms without any progress.[54] In November, ministers voted 11–3 to send the legislation to the Finnish Parliament.[55] On 24 February 2023, the constitutional law committee voted 9–7 to suspend work on the bill, preventing the legislation from being passed.[56]

In March 2023, the SDP finished third in the 2023 parliamentary election, and soon acknowledged her defeat.[57]

On 7 September 2023, Marin announced her plans to resign as an MP to work as a strategic advisor at the Tony Blair Institute for Global Change.[58] On 12 September 2023 she formally resigned from the Finnish Parliament.[59]

Post-political activities[change | change source]

On 28 September 2023, it was reported that she had signed with talent agency Range Media Partners.[60]

In January 2024, Marin started working in a new committee called International Task Force on Security and Euro-Atlantic Integration of Ukraine.[61] According to a statement released by the Ukrainian president's office, the committee's primary role is to create a plan for Ukraine's closer engagement with the Euro-Atlantic security area.[61]

Personal life[change | change source]

Marin with her cabinet members, December 2019

In January 2018, Marin and her fiancé, football player Markus Räikkönen, had a daughter, Emma.[62][63][64] In August 2020, Marin and Räikkönen were married at the prime minister's official residence, Kesäranta.[63][65] The couple divorced in May 2023, after 19 years together.[66][67]

Marin said she came from a "rainbow family",[68] as she was raised by same-sex parents.[20][69][2] She was the first person in her family to go to a university.[70]

Marin is a vegetarian.[71]

Marin was on the list of the BBC's 100 Women in 2020.[72] That same year, she was chosen by Forbes on the list of The World's 100 Most Powerful Women.[73][74] In 2020 she became a Young Global Leader of the World Economic Forum.[75] In December 2022, The Australian Broadcasting Corporation named Marin as the icon of progressive leadership.[76]

References[change | change source]

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  3. 3.0 3.1 Sanna Marin Parliament of Finland (in Finnish). Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  4. SDP on valinnut: Sanna Marinista tulee Suomen seuraava pääministeri – suora lähetys menossa, Yle seuraa hetki hetkeltä Yle 8.12.2019
  5. Finland's Social Democrats name Marin to be youngest ever prime minister Reuters 8.12.2019
  6. "Pääministerien ikä nimitettäessä". Valtioneuvosto (in Finnish). Archived from the original on 2021-10-19. Retrieved 2021-10-19.
  7. "Prime Minister's age on the date of appointment". Valtioneuvosto. Archived from the original on 2022-11-08. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Marin, Sanna (19 December 2019). "Kuka Sanna? ja Ansioluettelo". (self-published autobiography). Archived from the original on 19 December 2019. Retrieved 4 February 2020. Koulutukseltani olen hallintotieteiden maisteri Tampereen yliopistosta. Ylioppilaaksi kirjoitin Pirkkalan yhteislukiosta vuonna 2004. / Asumme mieheni Markuksen ja kaksivuotiaan tyttäremme Emman kanssa Tampereella Kalevan kaupunginosassa. ... / Juureni löytyvät neljän kunnan alueelta. Olen syntynyt Helsingissä, asunut Espoossa, veittänyt kasvu- ja kouluvuoteni Pirkkalassa ja vihdoin kotiutunut Tampereelle. [I hold a Master of Administrative Sciences from the University of Tampere. I was a student and graduated from Pirkkala High School in 2004. / I live with my husband, Markus, and our two year old daughter, Emma, in the Kaleva district of Tampere. ... / My roots are in four municipalities. I was born in Helsinki, lived in Espoo, spent my years growing up and in school in Pirkkala, and finally settled in Tampere.]
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  26. 9 December; 2019 (9 December 2019). "'I've proven my abilities': Finland's Sanna Marin becomes the world's youngest prime minister | Ottawa Citizen". National Post. Bloomberg News Updated. Retrieved 9 December 2019. {{cite news}}: |last2= has numeric name (help)CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
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  39. 39.0 39.1 39.2 39.3 "Juhlimassa ollutta pääministeri Marinia ei tavoitettu virkapuhelimesta yrityksistä huolimatta". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). 2021-12-05. Retrieved 2022-01-14.
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  60. "Sanna Marin, film star? Ex-Finnish PM signs with talent agency". POLITICO. 28 September 2023. Retrieved 13 October 2023.
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