Sarcohyla

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Sarcohyla
Sarcohyla hapsa.png
Sarcohyla hapsa
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Hylidae
Genus: Sarcohyla
Duellman [fr], Marion, and Hedges, 2016[1]
Type species
Cauphias crassus
Brocchi, 1877
Species

26 species (see text)

Sarcohyla is a genus of frogs in the family Hylidae.[2][3] These frogs live in Mexico and the hills and mountains between Durango in the north and Guerrero in the south. These frogs live in habitats that humans have not changed too much, near streams in pine-oak forests between 1,500 and 3,100 m (4,900 and 10,200 ft) above sea level.[2] The name comes from the Greek sarkodes meaning "fleshy" and from Hylas. It is for the thick, glandular skin of most of the frogs in the genus.[1]

Description[change | change source]

Sarcohyla are medium sized or large frogs. They have thick skin with glands. They have large thumbs and no projecting spine. The alary process of the premaxilla does not split into two pieces like it does in some other frogs.[1]

Taxonomy[change | change source]

Scientists first invented Sarcohyla in 2016 using molecular data. The species in Sarcohyla had been in the Hyla bistincta, Hyla arborescandens[1] and Plectrohyla bistincta groups.[4] Sarcohyla's sister group is Plectrohyla.[1] Not all species in Sarcohyla were included in the molecular analysis, so not all scientists are sure the genus is monophyletic.[2]

Species[change | change source]

The genus has 26 species in it:[2][3]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Duellman, William E.; Marion, Angela B. & Hedges, S. Blair (2016). "Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the treefrogs (Amphibia: Anura: Arboranae)". Zootaxa. 4104 (1): 1–109. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4104.1.1. PMID 27394762.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Frost, Darrel R. (2020). "Sarcohyla Duellman, Marion, and Hedges, 2016". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.1. American Museum of Natural History. doi:10.5531/db.vz.0001. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Hylidae". AmphibiaWeb. University of California, Berkeley. 2020. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  4. Campbell, Jonathan A.; Brodie, Edmund D. Jr.; Caviedes-Solis, Itzue W.; De Oca, Adrián Nieto-Montes; Luja, Víctor H.; Flores-Villela, Oscar; García-Vázquez, Uri Omar; Sarker, Goutam Chandra; Wostl, Elijah & Smith, Eric N. (2018). "Systematics of the frogs allocated to Sarcohyla bistincta sensu lato (Cope, 1877), with description of a new species from Western Mexico". Zootaxa. 4422 (3): 366–384. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4422.3.3. PMID 30313491.