Schweigt stille, plaudert nicht, BWV 211
Schweigt stille, plaudert nicht, BWV 211, also known as the Coffee Cantata, is a cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. Unlike most of his other cantatas, it is not a religious cantata. It is a cantata about coffee.
History[change | change source]
Bach was the leader of the collegium musicum in Leipzig. He performed concerts in Café Zimmermann, a coffeehouse in Leipzig. The text of the cantata was published by Picander in 1732. Bach may have written the music around 1734.:919
In Bach's time, coffee was expensive. People also thought that drinking coffee was not a good thing.
Plot[change | change source]
The cantata begins with the narrator telling the audience to be quiet. Schlendrian enters with his daughter, Liesgen. He is angry because Liesgen likes to drink coffee. Schlendrian threatens to take away everything from Liesgen if she does not stop drinking coffee. Liesgen does not care. Finally, Schlendrian threatens that Liesgen will never get a husband if she does not stop drinking coffee. Liesgen promises to stop drinking coffee. Schlendrian leaves to find Liesgen a husband. Liesgen secretly says that her new husband must allow her to make her coffee whenever she wants. The narrator, Liesgen, and Schlendrian sing a closing chorus together.
Structure[change | change source]
The cantata is written for soprano (as Liesgen), tenor (as the narrator), and bass (as Schlendrian) soloists, a flute, two violins, and basso continuo. It has ten movements.:916–918 Bach never wrote an opera in his life. Even so, the cantata can be thought of as a mini-opera.
- Recitative: Schweigt stille, plaudert nicht
- Aria: Hat man nicht mit seinen Kindern
- Recitative: Du böses Kind, du loses Mädchen
- Aria: Ei! wie schmeckt der Coffee süße
- Recitative: Wenn du mir nicht den Coffee läßt
- Aria: Mädchen, die von harten Sinnen
- Recitative: Nun folge, was dein Vater spricht
- Aria: Heute noch, Lieber Vater, tut es doch
- Recitative: Nun geht und sucht der alte
- Chorus: Die Katze läßt das Mausen nicht
References[change | change source]
- ↑ Wolff, Christoph (2000). Johann Sebastian Bach. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 352. ISBN 978-0-393-04825-4.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Dürr, Alfred (2006). The Cantatas of J. S. Bach: With Their Librettos in German-English Parallel Text. Oxford University Press. pp. 916–921. ISBN 978-0-19-929776-4.
- ↑ Van den Borren, Charles (1932). "Tobacco and Coffee in Music". The Musical Quarterly. 18 (3): 355–374. ISSN 0027-4631.
- ↑ "Cantata BWV 211". The Bach Choir of Bethlehem. Retrieved 17 August 2022.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Schweigt stille, plaudert nicht, BWV 211: performance by the Netherlands Bach Society (video and background information)
- Schweigt stille, plaudert nicht, BWV 211: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Schweigt stille, plaudert nicht: history, scoring, Bach website (in German)
- BWV 211 Schweigt stille, plaudert nicht: English translation, University of Vermont
- Bach Cantata Translations: German libretto with parallel English translation by Pamela Dellal