Secession in Russia

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Secession in Russia typically refers to state secession, which is the withdrawal of one or more states from the Republic of Russia.[1][2]

Summary[change | change source]

This table shows only the list of movements. The source of each movement is cited in its own section. The population of each area is provided for information only.

Number Land Capital Area Population Ethnic Main Political Party
All of Asian Russia
1 Flag of Siberia.svg Siberian Republic Novosibirsk 13,100,000 40,000,000 Sibiryak people Siberian regionalism
Far Eastern Federal District of Asian Russia
2 Flag of Sakha.svg Sakha Republic Yakutsk 3,083,523 1,000,000 Yakut people Sakha-Amuk
3 Flag of Far Eastern Republic.svg Far Eastern Republic Chita 1,900,000 3,000,000 Nanai people Alliance of the Pacific Peoples
4 Flag of Chukotka.svg Chukotka Anadyr 737,700 50,000 Chukchi people
5 Flag of Buryatia.svg Buryatia Ulan-Ude 351,300 1,000,000 Buryat people All-Buryat Association
6 Flag of Koryakia.svg Koryakia Palana 292,600 15,000 Koryak people
7 Flag of Momsky rayon (Yakutia).png Evenia Evensk 102,000 3,000 Even people
8 Flag of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.svg Jewishia (Yevrey) Birobidzhan 36,000 150,000 Jewish people
9 Flag of Nanaysky rayon (Khabarovsk kray).png Nanaia Troitskoye 27,644 15,000 Nanai people Nanai People's Platform
Siberian Federal District of Asian Russia
10 Flag of Taymyr Autonomous Okrug.svg Taymyria Dudinka 879,929 40,000 Dolgan people
11 Flag of Evenkia.svg Evenkia Tura 763,197 20,000 Evenk people
12 Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva Kyzyl 170,500 300,000 Tuvan people People's Party of Sovereign Tuva
13 Flag of Krasnoselkupsky rayon (Yamal Nenetsia).svg Selkupia Krasnoselkup 106,270 6,000 Selkup people
14 Flag of Altai Republic.svg Altai Republic Gorno-Altaysk 92,600 220,000 Altai people Altai-Sayun United Movement
15 Flag of Khakassia.svg Khakassia Abakan 61,900 550,000 Khakas people
16 Flag of the Shor people.png Shoria Tashtagol 25,000 15,000 Shor people
17 Flag of Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug.svg Ust-Orda Buryatia Ust-Ordynsky 22,138 150,000 Buryat people All-Buryat Association
18 Flag of Agin-Buryatia.svg Agin Buryatia Aginskoye 19,600 80,000 Buryat people All-Buryat Association
Ural Federal District of Asian Russia
19 Flag of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District.svg Yamalia Salekhard 750,300 500,000 Nenets people Yamal for Future Generations
20 Flag of Yugra.svg Khanty-Mansiysk (Yugra) Khanty-Mansiysk 534,800 1,500,000 Finno-Ugric people Association to Save Yurga
Ural Federal District of European Russia
21 Flag of Sverdlovsk Oblast.svg Ural Republic Yekaterinburg 194,800 4,300,000 Russian people Ural Democratic Foundation
Volga Federal District of European Russia
22 Flag of Idel-Ural State.svg Idel-Ural Kazan 321,400 11,000,000 Volga people Free Idel-Ural
23 Flag of Bashkortostan.svg Bashkortostan Ufa 143,600 4,050,000 Bashkir people The Heavenly Wolf
24 Flag of Tatarstan.svg Tatarstan Kazan 68,000 4,000,000 Tatar people All-Tatar Public Center
25 Flag of Udmurtia.svg Udmurtia Izhevsk 42,100 1,500,000 Udmurt people Udmurt Republican National Party
26 Flag of Mordovia.svg Mordovia Saransk 26,200 800,000 Mordvin people Democracy and Independence Mordvin Front
27 Flag of Mari El.svg Mari El Yoshkar-Ola 23,200 700,000 Mari people Mari Ushem
28 Flag of Chuvashia.svg Chuvashia Cheboksary 18,300 1,250,000 Chuvash people Chuvash National Movement
Northwestern Federal District of European Russia
29 Flag of Komi.svg Komi Republic Syktyvkar 415,900 850,000 Komi people Komi People's Congress
30 Flag of Nenets Autonomous District.svg Nenetsia Naryan-Mar 176,700 45,000 Nenets people Nenet National Movement
31 Flag of Karel.svg Karelia Petrozavodsk 172,400 600,000 Karelian people
32 Flag of Kaliningrad Oblast.svg Kaliningrad Kaliningrad 84,500 1,800,000 Russian people
33 Flag of Komi-Permyak Okrug.svg Permyakia Kudymkar 32,770 120,000 Komi people Komi People's Congress
34 Flag of Leningrad Oblast.svg Leningrad Leningrad 15,100 1,000,000 Ingrian people Free Ingria
Southern Federal District of European Russia
35 Flag of Don Cossacks.svg Don Republic Rostov 100,800 4,200,000 Donian people Free Cossack Movement (Rostov Oblast)
36 Flag of Kuban People's Republic.svg Kuban Krasnodar 76,000 5,300,000 Kubanian people Free Cossack Movement (Krasnodar Krai)
37 Flag of Kalmykia.svg Kalmykia Elista 76,000 300,000 Kalmyk people
North Caucasian Federal District of European Russia
38 Flag of Adygea.svg Circassia Sochi 50,000 1,000,000 Circassian people Circassian nationalism
39 Flag of the Chechen Republic.svg Chechnya Grozny 17,300 1,500,000 Chechen people Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
40 Flag of the Lezgi people.svg Lezgistan Derbent 10,000 800,000 Lezgin people Lezgin nationalism
41 Flag of Karachay-Balkaria.svg Karachay-Balkaria Karachayevsk 10,000 300,000 Turkic people Balkar and Karachay nationalism
42 Flag of Ingushetia.svg Ingushetia Magas 3,000 500,000 Ingush people Ingush People Council
43 Rutulia proprosed flag .jpg Rutulstan Rutul 2,170 20,000 Rutul people Rutul National Revival Front
44 Proposed Naval Jack of the Republic of Abkhazia.svg Abazinia Adlersky 2,000 50,000 Abkhaz people World Congress of Abkhaz-Abazin people
45 Flag of the Lak People v2.svg Lakistan Kumukh 1,500 200,000 Lak people Lak National Council
46 Tabasaran National Movement flag .png Tabasaranstan Khuchni 1,400 75,000 Tabasaran people Tabasaran National Movement
47 Khunz Wolf 3b.svg Avaria Khunzakh Unknown 850,000 Avar people Avar National Union
48 Flag of Dahadaevsky rayon (Dagestan).png Darginstan Levashi Unknown 500,000 Dargin people Free Society of Dargo
49 Flag of the Kumukh people.png Kumykia Tarki Unknown 500,000 Kumyk people Tenglik
50 Nogai flag.svg Nogaia Erken Unknown 100,000 Nogai people Association of Nogais of Dagestan
51 Aghul flag.svg Aghulistan Aguldere Unknown 25,000 Aghul people Agul Gelinbatan
Total Flag of Russia.svg Secession in Russia 15,000,000 80,000,000 Ethnic Groups Secession in Russia
Total Flag of Russia.svg Russia Moscow 17,100,000 150,000,000 Russian people Russian nationalism

Asian Russia[change | change source]

Summary[change | change source]

This table shows only the list of movements. The source of each movement is cited in its own section. The population of each area is provided for information only.

Number Land Capital Area Population Ethnic Main Political Party
All of Asian Russia
1 Flag of Siberia.svg Siberian Republic Novosibirsk 13,100,000 40,000,000 Sibiryak people Siberian regionalism
Far Eastern Federal District of Asian Russia
2 Flag of Sakha.svg Sakha Republic Yakutsk 3,083,523 1,000,000 Yakut people Sakha-Amuk
3 Flag of Far Eastern Republic.svg Far Eastern Republic Chita 1,900,000 3,000,000 Nanai people Alliance of the Pacific Peoples
4 Flag of Chukotka.svg Chukotka Anadyr 737,700 50,000 Chukchi people
5 Flag of Buryatia.svg Buryatia Ulan-Ude 351,300 1,000,000 Buryat people All-Buryat Association
6 Flag of Koryakia.svg Koryakia Palana 292,600 15,000 Koryak people
7 Flag of Momsky rayon (Yakutia).png Evenia Evensk 102,000 3,000 Even people
8 Flag of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.svg Jewishia (Yevrey) Birobidzhan 36,000 150,000 Jewish people
9 Flag of Nanaysky rayon (Khabarovsk kray).png Nanaia Troitskoye 27,644 15,000 Nanai people Nanai People's Platform
Siberian Federal District of Asian Russia
10 Flag of Taymyr Autonomous Okrug.svg Taymyria Dudinka 879,929 40,000 Dolgan people
11 Flag of Evenkia.svg Evenkia Tura 763,197 20,000 Evenk people
12 Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva Kyzyl 170,500 300,000 Tuvan people People's Party of Sovereign Tuva
13 Flag of Krasnoselkupsky rayon (Yamal Nenetsia).svg Selkupia Krasnoselkup 106,270 6,000 Selkup people
14 Flag of Altai Republic.svg Altai Republic Gorno-Altaysk 92,600 220,000 Altai people Altai-Sayun United Movement
15 Flag of Khakassia.svg Khakassia Abakan 61,900 550,000 Khakas people
16 Flag of the Shor people.png Shoria Tashtagol 25,000 15,000 Shor people
17 Flag of Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug.svg Ust-Orda Buryatia Ust-Ordynsky 22,138 150,000 Buryat people All-Buryat Association
18 Flag of Agin-Buryatia.svg Agin Buryatia Aginskoye 19,600 80,000 Buryat people All-Buryat Association
Ural Federal District of Asian Russia
19 Flag of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District.svg Yamalia Salekhard 750,300 500,000 Nenets people Yamal for Future Generations
20 Flag of Yugra.svg Khanty-Mansiysk (Yugra) Khanty-Mansiysk 534,800 1,500,000 Finno-Ugric people Association to Save Yurga
Total Secession in Asian Russia 13,100,000 40,000,000 Ethnic Groups Secession in Russia
Total Asian Russia Novosibirsk 13,100,000 40,000,000 Russian people Russian nationalism

Asian Russia[change | change source]

Siberia or Siberian Federal District[3][4]

Far Eastern Federal District[change | change source]

 Chukotka

Template:Country data Koryakia

Flag of Far Eastern Republic.svg Far Eastern Republic

Template:Country data Sakha Republic

 Buryatia[6]

  • Ethnic group: Buryats
    • Proposed state:  Buryatia
    • Political party:All-Buryat Association for the Development of Culture

Flag of Momsky rayon (Yakutia).png Evenia

Template:Country data Jewish Autonomous Oblast

Flag of Nanaysky rayon (Khabarovsk kray).png Nanaia

Siberian Federal District[change | change source]

Flag of Taymyr Autonomous Okrug.svg Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District[7][8]

Template:Country data Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug

 Altai Republic

  • Ethnic group: Altai people
    • Proposed state: Flag of the Confederated Republic of Altai.gif Confederated Republic of Altai
    • Movement: Altai-Sayun United Movement
    • Organizations: Altai Turks Associstion, Kurualtai of the Altai People
    • Political parties: Confederal Nation of the Altai Tribes, Ene-Bayat

Flag of Evenkia.svg Evenkia

Template:Country data Khakassia

Flag of Krasnoselkupsky rayon (Yamal Nenetsia).svg Selkupia

Flag of Tashtagolskiy rayon (Kemerovskaya oblast).gif Shor Mountain

Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva

  • Ethnic group: Tuvans
  • Proposed state: Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva
    • Political parties: People's Party of Sovereign Tuva, People's Front "Free Tuva", Tiva Turu

Flag of Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug.svg Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug

Ural Federal District[change | change source]

Template:Country data Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug [10] [11] [12]

Flag of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District.svg Yamalia/Nenets Autonomous Okrug

European Russia[change | change source]

Summary[change | change source]

This table shows only the list of movements. The source of each movement is cited in its own section. The population of each area is provided for information only.

Number Land Capital Area Population Ethnic Main Political Party
Ural Federal District of European Russia
1 Flag of Sverdlovsk Oblast.svg Ural Republic Yekaterinburg 194,800 4,300,000 Russian people Ural Democratic Foundation
Volga Federal District of European Russia
2 Flag of Idel-Ural State.svg Idel-Ural Kazan 321,400 11,000,000 Volga people Free Idel-Ural
3 Flag of Bashkortostan.svg Bashkortostan Ufa 143,600 4,050,000 Bashkir people The Heavenly Wolf
4 Flag of Tatarstan.svg Tatarstan Kazan 68,000 4,000,000 Tatar people All-Tatar Public Center
5 Flag of Udmurtia.svg Udmurtia Izhevsk 42,100 1,500,000 Udmurt people Udmurt Republican National Party
6 Flag of Mordovia.svg Mordovia Saransk 26,200 800,000 Mordvin people Democracy and Independence Mordvin Front
7 Flag of Mari El.svg Mari El Yoshkar-Ola 23,200 700,000 Mari people Mari Ushem
8 Flag of Chuvashia.svg Chuvashia Cheboksary 18,300 1,250,000 Chuvash people Chuvash National Movement
Northwestern Federal District of European Russia
9 Flag of Komi.svg Komi Republic Syktyvkar 415,900 850,000 Komi people Komi People's Congress
10 Flag of Nenets Autonomous District.svg Nenetsia Naryan-Mar 176,700 45,000 Nenets people Nenet National Movement
11 Flag of Karel.svg Karelia Petrozavodsk 172,400 600,000 Karelian people
12 Flag of Kaliningrad Oblast.svg Kaliningrad Kaliningrad 84,500 1,800,000 Russian people
13 Flag of Komi-Permyak Okrug.svg Permyakia Kudymkar 32,770 120,000 Komi people Komi People's Congress
14 Flag of Leningrad Oblast.svg Leningrad Leningrad 15,100 1,000,000 Ingrian people Free Ingria
Southern Federal District of European Russia
15 Flag of Don Cossacks.svg Don Republic Rostov 100,800 4,200,000 Donian people Free Cossack Movement (Rostov Oblast)
16 Flag of Kuban People's Republic.svg Kuban Krasnodar 76,000 5,300,000 Kubanian people Free Cossack Movement (Krasnodar Krai)
17 Flag of Kalmykia.svg Kalmykia Elista 76,000 300,000 Kalmyk people
North Caucasian Federal District of European Russia
18 Flag of Adygea.svg Circassia Sochi 50,000 1,000,000 Circassian people Circassian nationalism
19 Flag of the Chechen Republic.svg Chechnya Grozny 17,300 1,500,000 Chechen people Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
20 Flag of the Lezgi people.svg Lezgistan Derbent 10,000 800,000 Lezgin people Lezgin nationalism
21 Flag of Karachay-Balkaria.svg Karachay-Balkaria Karachayevsk 10,000 300,000 Turkic people Balkar and Karachay nationalism
22 Flag of Ingushetia.svg Ingushetia Magas 3,000 500,000 Ingush people Ingush People Council
23 Rutulia proprosed flag .jpg Rutulstan Rutul 2,170 20,000 Rutul people Rutul National Revival Front
24 Proposed Naval Jack of the Republic of Abkhazia.svg Abazinia Adlersky 2,000 50,000 Abkhaz people World Congress of Abkhaz-Abazin people
25 Flag of the Lak People v2.svg Lakistan Kumukh 1,500 200,000 Lak people Lak National Council
26 Tabasaran National Movement flag .png Tabasaranstan Khuchni 1,400 75,000 Tabasaran people Tabasaran National Movement
27 Khunz Wolf 3b.svg Avaria Khunzakh Unknown 850,000 Avar people Avar National Union
28 Flag of Dahadaevsky rayon (Dagestan).png Darginstan Levashi Unknown 500,000 Dargin people Free Society of Dargo
29 Flag of the Kumukh people.png Kumykia Tarki Unknown 500,000 Kumyk people Tenglik
30 Nogai flag.svg Nogaia Erken Unknown 100,000 Nogai people Association of Nogais of Dagestan
31 Aghul flag.svg Aghulistan Aguldere Unknown 25,000 Aghul people Agul Gelinbatan
Total Flag of Russia.svg Secession in European Russia 1,900,000 40,000,000 Ethnic Groups Dissolution of Russia
Total Flag of Russia.svg European Russia Moscow 4,000,000 110,000,000 Russian people Russian nationalism
Tatarstan
A protest in Kaliningrad Oblast
Map of Ingria/Leningrad Oblast claimed by the advocacy group of Free Ingria, which also likely comprises another federal subject, Saint Petersburg.

Ural Federal District[change | change source]

Sverdlovsk Oblast[13][14][15]

Volga Federal District[change | change source]

Idel-Ural[16][17]

Mari El

Template:Country data Mordovia

Tatarstan[19][20][21]

  • People: Tatars
    • Militant organisation: All-Tatar Public Center
      • Advocacy groups: The Union of Tatar Youth, Tatar Patriotic Front Altyn Urda, Tatar Social Center
      • Government in exile: Tatar Government in Exile
      • Organization: Ittifaq Party
    • Proposed state: Tatarstan

Template:Country data Udmurtia[22]

Bashkortostan[19]

  • People: Bashkir
    • Advocacy groups: Bashkort Public Organization, Bashkir Human Rights Movement, Council of Aksakals of Bashkortostan, Bashkir Social Movement
      • Political party: The Heavenly Wolf
    • Proposed state: Bashkortostan

Chuvashia[23]

  • People: Chuvash
    • Proposed state: Chuvashia
      • Movements: Chuvash National Movement, Chuvash Republican Youth
      • Organization: Chuvash Ireklekh Society of National-Cultural Rebirth

Northwestern Federal District[change | change source]

Nenetsia

Template:Country data Komi Republic[24]

  • People: Komi
    • Proposed state: Komi Republic
      • Political organizations: Komi Republican Organization
      • Advocacy movements: Komi Voityr, Finno-Ugric Peoples Consultative Committee
      • Organization: Komi People's Congress

Leningrad Oblast[25][26]

Komi-Permyak Okrug[27]

Karelia

Kaliningrad Oblast

Southern Federal District[change | change source]

Kuban [29][30]

Don Republic[31][32]

Kalmykia [33] [34]

North Caucasian Federal District[change | change source]

A map of list federal subjects and districts that has separatist movements in North Caucasus Federal District.

 Chechnya

Greater Sochi map (Abazinia)/Adlersky City District and Khostinsky City District

Abazinia[39][40][41]

Circassia

Aghulistan

Avaria[43]

Flag of Dahadaevsky rayon (Dagestan).png Darginstan

Template:Country data Ingushetia

Ethnic map of Kabardino-Balkaria, 2002.
Ethnic map of Karachay-Cherkessia, 2010

Karachay-Balkaria

Kumykia

Lakistan

Lezgistan

Nogaia

Rutulia proprosed flag .jpg Rutulstan

Tabasaran National Movement flag .png Tabasaranstan

Maps[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. https://books.google.com/books?id=NwvoM-ZFoAgC&pg=PA572&lpg=PA572&dq=Rutulstan&source=bl&ots=8dQeJbU5tm&sig=ACfU3U2slUrl_cpMAYA3WypZTpTIbms1sQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjNlIz_g8DnAhVDSxUIHesiBCIQ6AEwAXoECAsQAQ#v=onepage&q=Rutulstan&f=false
  2. https://althistory.fandom.com/wiki/Administrative_Divisions_of_Eurasia_(In_Frederick%27s_Fields)
  3. Region Expert (in Russian). 16 December 2019 http://region.expert/shaman-prospects/. Retrieved 9 January 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. Region Expert (in Russian). 19 January 2020 https://region.expert/poliudova/. Retrieved 9 January 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. Minahan, James (30 May 2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Around the World A-Z [4 Volumes]. ISBN 9780313076961.
  6. Vorozhko, Tatiana (21 March 2014). "Buryatia has already started talking about independence from Russia". Voice of America (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  7. Korolkova, Elizabeth (2017-12-07). ""They keep their dead in the barn": why they cannot bury the dead in Taymyr". Open Russia (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-10-02.
  8. Starinova, Julia (2017-07-26). "Taymyr residents again demand a referendum on autonomy". Radio Liberty (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-10-02.
  9. Minahan, James (30 May 2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Around the World A-Z [4 Volumes]. ISBN 9780313076961.
  10. Libman, Alexander; Rochlitz, Michael (2019). Federalism in China and Russia. ISBN 9781788972192.
  11. The Republics and Regions of the Russian Federation: A Guide to Politics, Policies, and Leaders. 2000. ISBN 9780765605597.
  12. Giuliano, Elise (15 March 2011). Constructing Grievance: Ethnic Nationalism in Russia's Republics. ISBN 9780801460722.
  13. Andrey, Romanov (28 May 2019). "The Urals will become free, even if the West will save Moscow". Region Expert (in Russian). Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  14. "Ural Republic is the future". After Empire (in Russian). 17 October 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  15. Bugai, Janusz (9 January 2020). "Uprising of the Russian administrative divisions". Region Expert (in Russian). Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  16. Goble, Paul (2018-03-24). "Free Idel-Ural Movement takes shape in Kyiv". Euromaidan Press. Retrieved 2019-09-16.
  17. Podobed, Pavel (12 April 2019). "Tatarstan is silent, suffering, waiting for an opportunity". ZN UA (in Russian). Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  18. http://uralistica.com/forum/topics/2161342:Topic:171113?commentId=2161342%3AComment%3A171436
  19. 19.0 19.1 Eltsov, Peter (3 August 2019). "The Best Way to Deal With Russia: Wait for It to Implode". Politico. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  20. Alpout, Ramadan (5 June 2019). "Members of the Tatar "government in exile" ask the Russian opposition to recognize the independence of the Idel-Ural republics". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (in Russian). Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  21. Shtepa, Vadim (19 June 2019). "Independent Tatarstan will not be a colony or a metropolis". Region Expert (in Russian). Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  22. "POHC", В Удмуртия появилась организация региональных сепаратистов
  23. Ashurov, Alexander (19 January 2016). "Longing for sovereignty of Chuvashia inspired in Ukraine". EADaily (in Russian). Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  24. "The program of the Komi Republican Association "Doryam Asnymys" ("Protect Yourself")". Region Expert (in Russian). 16 September 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  25. "The site of the movement "Free Ingria" is blocked". Meduza (in Russian). 24 July 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  26. Goble, Paul (30 May 2016). "By Attacking 'Free Ingria' Leader, Moscow Highlights Regionalist Challenge to Itself in Russia's Northwest". Window on Eurasia. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  27. Subbotin, Ivan (6 May 2015). ""We are patriots, not separatists!" Residents of the Komi District hope that autonomy will be returned to them". RIA URA (in Russian). Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  28. "Kaliningrad Separatism Again on the Rise", Jamestown
  29. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/15/russia-fledgling-independence-movements
  30. "Kuban People's Republic proclaimed in Russia". Region Expert (in Russian). 30 January 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  31. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/05/world/europe/cossacks-face-reprisals-as-rebel-groups-clash-in-eastern-ukraine.html
  32. https://www.refworld.org/docid/51dfba394.html
  33. https://jamestown.org/kalmyks-protest-donbas-separatist-who-was-appointed-mayor-of-republican-capital/
  34. https://www.refworld.org/docid/49749cbf2.html
  35. The Putin-Osama Connection Archived 16 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Frontpage Magazine, 16 January 2008
  36. Sengupta and Chatterjee. Geographies: Perspectives from Eurasia. 15 December 2014. (page number not shown on page, but is available by text search): "The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria has collapsed and since then only remains a government in exile"
  37. Julia Wong (6 June 2017). "Facebook blocks Chechnya activist page in latest case of wrongful censorship". The Guardian. quote = "The group is supportive of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, an unrecognized government consisting of exiled leaders from the wars for independence."
  38. Liz Fuller (6 June 2017). "Facts In Attack On National Guard In Chechnya Questioned". RFERL. quote= "Akhmed Zakayev, the head of the independent Chechen Republic Ichkeria government in exile, similarly told Kavkaz.Realii that he was absolutely certain the Naurskaya attackers had no ties to IS or to any other terrorist group."
  39. "Abhazyam".
  40. https://www.loc.gov/newspapers/?fa=subject%3Apolitics+and+government%7Clocation%3Ageorgia%7Csubject%3Anewspapers%7Csubject%3Aabkhazia%7Clanguage%3Arussian%7Csubject%3Aadgylara+(political+party+%3A+abkhazia%2C+georgia)&c=25&all=true. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  41. "Seldon News".
  42. https://books.google.com.my/books?id=ftNIAAAAYAAJ&q=Aghuls+separatist&dq=Aghuls+separatist&hl=ja&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj95L2vuoLnAhV5zDgGHS8_BdoQ6AEINTAB
  43. "TRT World".
  44. https://minorityrights.org/minorities/dargins/
  45. https://www.crcpress.com/Dagestan-Russian-Hegemony-and-Islamic-Resistance-in-the-North-Caucasus/Robert-Ware/p/book/9780765620293
  46. http://www.dushakavkaza.ru/st4.html
  47. https://books.google.com.my/books?id=NwvoM-ZFoAgC&pg=PA396&dq=Lak+homeland&hl=ja&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiX5_z_uYLnAhWwxzgGHeWRDwMQ6AEIKTAA#v=onepage&q=Lak%20homeland&f=false
  48. https://books.google.com.my/books?id=u9Lq_8Ozf5cC&pg=PA1089&dq=Lezgin+stateless+nation&hl=ja&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi9if_NuYLnAhXpyjgGHWlxBV0Q6AEILDAA#v=onepage&q=Lezgin%20stateless%20nation&f=false
  49. https://books.google.com.my/books?id=3_zn1QVngzQC&q=Nogai+separatist&dq=Nogai+separatist&hl=ja&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjenvmRuoLnAhXtyzgGHWBTCJkQ6AEIKTAA
  50. http://rutulets.ru/history/rutulcy.html
  51. https://books.google.com.my/books?id=pGClDAAAQBAJ&pg=PA356&dq=Rutul+stateless+nation&hl=ja&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwid4-vPw_7mAhVIwzgGHXG-Dk0Q6AEIKjAA#v=onepage&q=Rutul%20stateless%20nation&f=false
  52. https://books.google.com.my/books?id=pGClDAAAQBAJ&pg=PA405&lpg=PA405&dq=Tabasaran+stateless+nation&source=bl&ots=clDdVxM1E_&sig=ACfU3U2BCgA_rdYVXxmus0zrbLkAwGSXpQ&hl=ja&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi69r27xP7mAhUwxjgGHestCRUQ6AEwAHoECAgQAQ#v=onepage&q=Tabasaran%20stateless%20nation&f=false

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]