|Coordinates: 50°02′N 8°58′E / 50.033°N 8.967°ECoordinates: 50°02′N 8°58′E / 50.033°N 8.967°E|
|Subdivisions||3 Urban Districts|
|• Mayor||Dagmar B. Nonn-Adams (no party member)|
|• Governing parties||CDU|
|• Total||30.85 km2 (11.91 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||118 m (387 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||109 m (358 ft)|
|• Density||690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
Seligenstadt is a town in the Offenbach Rural District in the state of Hesse, Germany. The town is by the river Main.
Geography[change | change source]
Seligenstadt is in the Rhine Main area. The town is about 30 km southeast of Frankfurt. The whole area of the town is 30,85 km2 large and it is 109–118 m above sea level. It is a plain area with no hills.
About 35 to 20 million years ago in the Age of Tertiary the whole region was lying under sea level. At that time it was covered by an ocean which was warm and not very deep. Lots of sediments sank to its bottom. Then the region rose again and the water left, leaving soil which is mostly sandy and poor.
The city consists out of the town Seligenstadt and the 2 former independent villages Froschhausen and Klein-Welzheim, both now urban districts of Seligenstadt. On 1 January 1977 they were united.
The neighbours of Seligenstadt are:
- Hainburg (North)
- Karlstein (East) (Aschaffenburg Rural District)
- Mainhausen (Southeast)
- Babenhausen (South)
- Rodgau (West)
Seligenstadt has 20,221 inhabitants (2008). The climate of the town is mild. There is less rain than in other parts of Germany.
Some local people are speaking a regional type (dialect) of the German language with a certain tone and special words. It is a Hessian dialect (German: Hessisch). This language type is related to other dialects in the south of Germany. In former times mostly every place had its own special dialect, sometimes hard to understand for people of other parts of Germany. Today the dialect speakers are a minority and the majority of them do not speak the real dialect. They rather speak a kind of regular German with a certain pronunciation.
History[change | change source]
Around the year 100 the Romans had fights with the germanic peoples. They built a small castle and some houses in the place. Later people came here to build a village named Ober-Mulinheim, later changed to Obermühlheim. The name parts Mulin- and Mühl- are meaning mill.
In 815 the name Obermühlheim was written down in a document for the first time. Around 830 the owner of the town started to build a great church, the Einhard-Basilika, and a monastery. In this time also the name was changed from Obermühlheim to Seligenstadt, because people brought some holy bones to the town.
The name Seligenstadt means place of happiness. There is a story about the name. The emperor Charlemagne had lost his daughter and he found her in the village Mulinheim. Therefore, the name of the place was changed into Seligenstadt.
In the 12th century Seligenstadt got the town privileges.
In former times the people in the Seligenstadt area were mostly farmers, craftsmen and tradesmen. Every family had land to grow their food. When the property was handed to the next generation it was divided within the children. Therefore, most families had only small farms and were poor.
In the time period of the industrial revolution the Rhine Main area got many factories and developed to a center for metal working and leather manufacturing, also chemical engineering. Many men got workmen and found a job in the factories and earned money. This made living conditions partly better.
Twinned cities[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- ↑ "Die Bevölkerung der hessischen Gemeinden am 31. Dezember 2021" (PDF) (in German). Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt. June 2022.
- ↑ Homepage of the City of Seligenstadt, looked up on 21 January 2010, German.
- ↑ Official statistiks of the state of Hesse Archived 2016-05-13 at the Wayback Machine, looked up on 21 January 2010, German.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Official website of Seligenstadt, looked up on 21 January 2010, German.
- Seligenstadt at the Open Directory Project , looked up on 21 January 2010, German.