This article is about a World Heritage Site

Semmering railway

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Semmeringbahn
Railjet Garnitur 49, Kalte Rinne, 09.07.2016.jpg
Operation
OwnerAustrian Federal Railways
Operator(s)Austrian Federal Railways
Technical
Line length41 km (25.5 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Minimum radius190 m (623 ft)
Electrification15 kV, 16⅔ Hz Overhead line
Maximum incline2.5 %
UNESCO World Heritage Site
CriteriaCultural: ii, iv
Reference785
Inscription1998 (22nd Session)
Area156.18 ha
Buffer zone8,581.21 ha
Route map
Semmeringbahn route

The Semmering railway is a railway in Austria. It starts at Gloggnitz and leads over the Semmering to Mürzzuschlag. It was the first mountain railway in Europe built with a standard gauge track. It is commonly called the world's first true mountain railway. This is because of the very difficult terrain and the large altitude difference. It is still fully functional as a part of the South railway.

The Semmering railway was built between 1848 and 1854. There were about 20,000 workers. The director was Carl von Ghega. There are 14 tunnels, 16 viaducts and over 100 curved stone bridges as well as 11 small iron bridges.

In 1998 the Semmering railway was added to the list of the UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Coordinates: 47°38′35″N 15°49′52″E / 47.643°N 15.831°E / 47.643; 15.831