Image of Seti I from his temple in Abydos
|Reign||1290–1279 BC (19th Dynasty)|
|Children||Tia, Ramesses II, Nebchasetnebet, Henutmire (?)|
|Monuments||Mortuary Temple of Seti I, Temple at Abydos, Great Hypostyle Hall|
As with all dates in Ancient Egypt, the actual dates of his reign are unclear. Various historians claim different dates, with 1294 BC to 1279 BC  and 1290 BC to 1279 BC  being the most commonly used by scholars today.
The name 'Seti' means "of Set", which indicates that he was consecrated to the god Set (or "Seth"). As with most pharaohs, Seti had several names. Upon his ascension, he took the prenomen "mn-m3‘t-r‘ ", usually vocalized as Menmaatre, in Egyptian, which means "Eternal is the Justice of Re." His better known nomen, or birth name, is transliterated as "sty mry-n-ptḥ" or Sety Merenptah, meaning "Man of Set, beloved of Ptah".
The greatest achievement of Seti I's foreign policy was the capture of the Syrian town of Kadesh and neighboring territory of Amurru from the Hittite Empire. Egypt had not held Kadesh since the time of Akhenaten.
Seti I was successful in defeating a Hittite army that tried to defend the town. He entered the city in triumph together with his son Ramesses II and erected a victory stela at the site. Kadesh, however, soon reverted to Hittite control because the Egyptians did not or could not maintain a permanent military occupation of Kadesh and Amurru which were close to the Hittite homelands.
The traditional view of Seti I's wars was that he restored the Egyptian empire after it had been lost in the time of Akhenaten. Recent scholarship, however, indicates that the empire was not lost at this time, except for its northern border provinces of Kadesh and Amurru in Syria and Lebanon.
References[change | change source]
- Peter Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs, Thames and Hudson Ltd, 1994. p.140
- "Sety I Menmaatre (Sethos I) King Sety I". Digital Egypt. UCL. Retrieved 2007-02-15. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Ancient Egyptian Royalty". Retrieved 2009-07-21. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Michael Rice (1999). Who's Who in Ancient Egypt. Routledge.
- J. von Beckerath (1997). Chronologie des Äegyptischen Pharaonischen (in German). Phillip von Zabern. p. 190.
- Brand, Peter J. 2000. The Monuments of Set I: epigraphic, historical and art historical analysis. Brill.