Shiite Crescent is used as political and geo-political term to describe the different countries whose majority is Shia or who had a strong Shia minority in the population. Is often used to describe the potential of a cooperation of these countries in the Middle East policy.
The nations where Shi'a Muslims form a dominant majority are Azerbaijan, Lebanon, Iran, Bahrain and Iraq. The shape of these countries put together resembles a crescent or half moon. Large minorities also exist in Turkey, Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, India, UAE, and Syria.
Literature[change | change source]
- Ferhad Ibrahim: Iran und die arabische Welt, in: Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, Nr. 9, Bonn 2004, S. 39-47. (German)
- Vali Nasr: When the Shiites Rise in: Foreign Affairs July/August 2006 pp. 58– 74.
- Asher Susser: Aufgang des schiitischen Halbmonds, in: Internationale Politik, Nr. 9, 61. Jahr, (2006), pp. 68-S.74 (German)