Shipping Forecast

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The areas of the Shipping Forecast

The Shipping Forecast is a weather forecast covering the sea around Great Britain.[1] It has been broadcast four times a day on BBC Radio 4 since the 1920s.[2] The Met Office, the UK meteorological centre, produces it for the Maritime Coastguard Agency. The forecast talks about lots of places, starting with "Viking" in the northeast and going clockwise around the British coastline until it reaches "Southeast Iceland" in the northwest. Sometimes the names are changed to keep them the same as in other countries.[3] It is one of the first items on Radio 4 each day,[4] and has been referenced in many poems and songs,[5] including a poem by Seamus Heaney[6] and a song by the British band, Blur (This is a Low).

Protocol[change | edit source]

Word Meaning
Imminent In the next 6 hours[7]
Soon In less than 12 hours
Later After 12 hours time
Backing Going anticlockwise[8]
Veering Going clockwise[8]

There is a strict set of rules (a protocol) on how the forecast is written, and it has a limit of 370 words.[9] It is always said in the same way and is around 9 minutes long.[10] The language of the forecast is hard to understand unless the listener understands how the rules work. For example:

Dover, Wight, Portland, Plymouth, four or five, increasing six soon, rain or slight drizzle, good.

People listening to the forecast who know the protocol can understand it as "In the English Channel, there are strong winds, followed by a stronger wind in less than twelve hours time with some light rain, but good visibility". The numbers refer to the Beaufort Scale of wind strength. Imminent means within 6 hours, soon between 6 and 12, and later meaning after 12 hours. There are lots of other jargon used in the Shipping Forecast.[11]

Sailing By[change | edit source]

An instrumental piece of music, Sailing By, is played before the 00:45 broadcast of the Shipping Forecast.[12] It acts as a buffer between the news bulletin and the Shipping Forecast, in order to make the Shipping Forecast play at exactly the same time each day. This gives the Radio 4 controllers leeway if the programming of Radio 4 is running late. There was an outcry when it was temporarily taken off air for two years in 1993.[13] Sailing By was written by Ronald Binge,[12] in 1962[14] a light music composer.

Methods[change | edit source]

The Shipping Forecast is broadcast in many different ways, most famously, on the radio. BBC Radio 4, the radio station that the Forecast is broadcast from three times a day, can be listened to as far away as Denmark,[15] or can be listened to anywhere in the world via the BBC's website.

Navtex[change | edit source]

A Navtex receiver

An updated Shipping Forecast is broadcast six times a day from three Navtex transmitters placed strategically around the coast of the United Kingdom, giving information on the areas near to the transmitter. The three transmitters are called Cullercoats, Niton and Portpatrick,[16] after the places they are at. Navtex is a type of radio communication that sends a message to a receiver that picks it up and changes it into text, like to a mobiles' text message. The Navtex messages can be received up to 270 miles offshore.[17] Navtex is an acronym for NAVigational TEXt messages.[18] Major areas of general Navtex coverage include the Mediterranean Sea, the North Sea, Japan and the coasts of North America.[19] Navtex is one of the more common ways of receiving the Shipping Forecast when off-shore.[20]

Coastguard[change | edit source]

The Maritime Coastguard Agency sends messages every three hours from their sixteen stations that are located by the coast.[21] They also send important navigational notices [17] and a forecast that is for the area. The "Maritime Safety Information" broadcast includes a part of the Shipping Forecast, specific for the area in question.

Other forecasts[change | edit source]

There are several related forecasts that are similar to the Shipping Forecast. The High Seas Forecast is similar to the Shipping Forecast in format and protocol, but is about the North Atlantic ocean, or 'Met Area 1'. It can be seen on Radio 4's website. It is also split into lots of areas, and some of them have the same name as in the Shipping Forecast.[22]

References[change | edit source]

  1. "The Shipping Forecast | Weather Toolbar - 7 Day Weather Forecast - Weather Taskbar". Theweatherfront.com. 2008-02-14. http://www.theweatherfront.com/weather-trivia/the-shipping-forecast. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
  2. http://everything2.com/title/shipping+forecast
  3. "Shipping Forecast loses household name". BBC News (BBC). http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/1798629.stm. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
  4. "Press Office - New early morning schedule for Radio 4". BBC. 2006-01-23. http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2006/01_january/23/radio4.shtml. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
  5. "Now for the shipping forecast. - Home News, UK". The Independent. 2002-02-02. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/now-for-the-shipping-forecast-659160.html. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  6. "Heaney". Photoverulam.co.uk. 2005-10-31. http://www.photoverulam.co.uk/Guide/Poetry/heaney.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  7. "Shipping Forecast". Ukseakayakguidebook.co.uk. 2005-07-02. http://www.ukseakayakguidebook.co.uk/understanding_forecasts/shipping_forecast.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-08.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Shipping Forecast". Fatbadgers.co.uk. 2001-07-17. http://www.fatbadgers.co.uk/Britain/shipping.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
  9. Young, Kevin (2007-09-27). "Entertainment | Shipping Forecast's 'baffling' legacy". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/6940597.stm. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
  10. "Marine forecasts glossary". Met Office. 2009-07-22. http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/weather/marine/guide/glossary.html. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
  11. 12.0 12.1 "Radio 4 - Help". BBC. 1951-01-01. http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/help/faqs_4.shtml#question3. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  12. "Robert Farnon Society". Rfsoc.org.uk. 1910-07-15. http://www.rfsoc.org.uk/rbinge.shtml. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  13. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0082905/bio
  14. "Ways of Listening". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/help/waystolisten.shtml#question6. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  15. "Cullercoats Area Forecast". BBC Weather. BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/coast/shipping/cullercoats.shtml#results. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
  16. 17.0 17.1 "Maritime Safety Information" (PDF). Maritime Coastguard Agency. http://www.mcga.gov.uk/c4mca/mcga-msi_and_medical_advice3_valid_17sep02.pdf. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  17. Martin Stubbs. "NAVTEX services in waters around the British Isles". Users.zetnet.co.uk. http://www.users.zetnet.co.uk/tempusfugit/marine/navtex_notes.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
  18. "Navtex - what it is and how it works". Gmdss.com.au. http://www.gmdss.com.au/navtex.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-08.
  19. "Beeb storm cockup: Wrong day's shipping forecast read". The Register. 2009-11-25. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2009/11/25/bbc_shipping_forecast_error/. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  20. "Maritime Safety Information". Maritime Coastguard Agency. http://www.mcga.gov.uk/c4mca/mcga07-home/emergencyresponse/mcga-searchandrescue/mcga-hmcgsar-sarsystem/coastguard_operations.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  21. "Shipping Forecast". http://www.opc.ncep.noaa.gov/shtml/UKMHSFAT. Retrieved 2009-09-06.

Other websites[change | edit source]

Read the Shipping Forecast] http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/coast_and_sea/shipping_forecast