Shizuya Hayashi

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Shizuya Hayashi

Shizuya Hayashi
Nickname Cesar
Born November 28, 1917(1917-11-28)
Waialua, Oahu, Hawaii
Died March 12, 2008(2008-03-12) (aged 90)
Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii
Place of burial National Memorial of the Pacific, Oahu, Hawaii
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1941 – 1945
Rank Private
Unit 100th Infantry Battalion
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Cross
In this Japanese name, the family name is Hayashi.

Shizuya Hayashi (November 28, 1917-March 12, 2008) was a United States Army soldier.[1] He received the Medal of Honor because of his actions in World War II.[2]

Early life[change | change source]

Hayashi was born in Waiakea, Hawaii. He is the son of immigrants who were born in Japan. He is a Nisei, which means that he is a second generation Japanese-American.[3]

Soldier[change | change source]

Nine months before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hayashi joined the US Army in March 1941.[4] He was given the nickname "Cesar" because his sergeant could not pronounce his name.[5]

Hayashi volunteered to be part of the all-Nisei 100th Infantry Battalion.[6] This army unit was mostly made up of Japanese Americans from Hawaii and the mainland.[7]

For his actions in November 1943, Hayashi was awarded the Army's second-highest decoration, the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC). In the 1990s, there was a review of service records of Asian Americans who received the DSC during World War II. Hayashi's award was upgraded to the Medal of Honor. In a ceremony at the White House on June 21, 2000, he was presented with his medal by President Bill Clinton. Twenty-one other Asian Americans also received the medal during the ceremony, but only seven of them were still alive.[8]

Medal of Honor citation[change | change source]

Hayashi's Medal of Honor recognized his conduct in frontline fighting in central Italy in 1943.[2] Without help from others, he silenced a machine gun nest and an anti-aircraft gun.[9]

The words of Hayashi's citation explain:

Private Shizuya Hayashi distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in action on 29 November 1943, near Cerasuolo, Italy. During a flank assault on high ground held by the enemy, Private Hayashi rose alone in the face of grenade, rifle, and machine gun fire. Firing his automatic rifle from the hip, he charged and overtook an enemy machine gun position, killing seven men in the nest and two more as they fled. After his platoon advanced 200 yards from this point, an enemy antiaircraft gun opened fire on the men. Private Hayashi returned fire at the hostile position, killing nine of the enemy, taking four prisoners, and forcing the remainder of the force to withdraw from the hill. Private Hayashi’s extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the United States Army.[10]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Medal of Honor
  1. Nakaso, Dan. "WWII hero Shizuya Hayashi, 90: 100th Battalion private recognized in 2000 with Medal of Honor," The Honolulu Advertiser. March 15, 2008; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  2. 2.0 2.1 US Army Center of Military History (CMH), "Medal of Honor Recipients, World War II (G-L)"; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  3. Bramlett, David A. "Go For Broke Monument, Fifth Anniversary Tribute," June 5, 2004; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  4. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), WWII Army Enlistment Record #30100871 Hayashi, Shizuya; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  5. Kakesako, Greg K. "Pearl City vet earned WWII Medal of Honor," Honolulu Star Bulletin. March 14, 2008; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  6. Go for Broke National Education Center, "Medal of Honor Recipient Private Shizuya Hayashi"; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  7. "100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry" at Global; Vachon, Duane A. "Postponed Honor - Private Shizuya Hayashi, U.S. Army, (1917-2008)," Hawaii Reporter. May 16, 2011; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  8. "21 Asian American World War II Vets to Get Medal of Honor" at University of Hawaii Digital History; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  9. CMH, "Asian Pacific American Medal of Honor recipients"; retrieved 2012-12-28.
  10. Gomez-Granger, Julissa. (2008). Medal of Honor Recipients: 1979-2008, "Hayashi, Shizuya," p. 10 [PDF 14 of 44]; retrieved 2012-12-7.

Other websites[change | change source]