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Siberian beauty of Vasily Surikov (1891)

The Siberians or Siberiaks (Russian: сибиряки, romanized: siberyaki, pronounced [sibirjaki]) are the major residents of Siberia, as well as the (sub)ethnic or ethnographic group of the Russians.[1][2]

As demonym[change | change source]

The word "Siberians" is used for all people who live in Siberia. These include both indigenous peoples and the European diaspora (the Russians, Ukrainians, Balts, Finnic and other peoples).

As sub-ethnic group[change | change source]

In ethnology the term is often used to refer to the Old-Timers (Starozhily or old settlers ) - the earliest Russian population of Siberia during its Russian conquest in the 16th17th centuries and their descendants. Later settlers, especially from the second half of the 19th – early 20th centuries, were called "the Russian" (Siberian dialects: "Raseyskie") by the Siberians.[3][2][4]

The dialects of the Siberians were created mainly on the basis of Northern Russian dialects.[4]

Regionalism[change | change source]

Siberian regionalism (Siberian nationalism) considered the Siberians to be a separate people from the Russians.[5][6] Among ethnologists there are both opponents[6] and supporters of this point of view.[2][4] In 1918, under the control of the Siberian regionalists, there was a short-lived state formation "Siberian Republic".[7]

Census[change | change source]

In the 2002 and 2010 Russian Census, the ethnonym "Siberiak" was indicated as the main one by a small number of those who responded.[8]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Vlasova 1997, p. 114.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Schweitzer, Vakhtin & Golovko 2005, pp. 135–151.
  3. Vlasova 1997, p. 114–115.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Vakhtin, Golovko & Schweitzer 2004.
  5. Watrous 1993, pp. 113–132.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Vlasova 1997, p. 115.
  7. Sushko 2009, pp. 174–179.
  8. Anisimova & Echevskaya 2018.