Shimla

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Shimla

Simla
Shimla Montage
Clockwise from top: Skyline at Shimla Southern Side, Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, Town Hall, night view of Shimla and Christ Church
Nickname(s): 
Queen of Hills
Shimla is located in Himachal Pradesh
Shimla
Shimla
Shimla is located in India
Shimla
Shimla
Shimla is located in Asia
Shimla
Shimla
Coordinates: 31°6′12″N 77°10′20″E / 31.10333°N 77.17222°E / 31.10333; 77.17222Coordinates: 31°6′12″N 77°10′20″E / 31.10333°N 77.17222°E / 31.10333; 77.17222
Country India
State Himachal Pradesh
DistrictShimla
Named forHindu goddess Shyamala Devi[1]
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyShimla Municipal Corporation
 • Deputy CommissionerAditya Negi, IAS[2]
 • Municipal CommissionerAshish Kohli[3]
 • MayorSatya Kaundal[4]
Area
 • City35.34 km2 (13.64 sq mi)
Elevation
2,276 m (7,467 ft)
Population
 (2011)[6][7]
 • City169,578
 • Rank1 (in HP)
 • Density4,800/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 • Metro171,640
Languages
 • OfficialHindi[8]
 • Additional  officialSanskrit,[9] English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
171 001
Telephone code91 177 XXX XXXX
ISO 3166 codeISO 3166-2
Vehicle registrationHP-03, HP-07, HP-51, HP-52, HP-62, HP-63
UN/LOCODEIN SLV
ClimateCwb
Precipitation1,577 mm (62 in)
Avg. annual temperature17 °C (63 °F)
Avg. summer temperature22 °C (72 °F)
Avg. winter temperature−6–0 °C (21–32 °F)
Websitehpshimla.gov.in
Simla

Shimla, also known as Simla, is the capital city of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The city is up in the mountains at around 2,200 metres (approximately 7,234 feet). Shimla is a popular tourist destination in India.

In 1864, Shimla was made the summer capital of British India. After Indian independence, the city became the capital of Punjab and was later named the capital of Himachal Pradesh. It is the main commercial, cultural and educational centre of Himachal Pradesh.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Home: District WebSite Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India". Archived from the original on 29 November 2005.
  2. "Profile | Shimla District, Government of Himachal Pradesh | India". hpshimla.nic.in. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  3. "New Shimla MC Commissioner lists priorities". The Tribune. 3 November 2020. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  4. "सत्या कौंडल ने नगर निगम में की क्लर्क की नौकरी, अब बनीं महापौर". Amar Ujala. 19 December 2019. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  5. "Shimla District Census 2011 Handbook" (PDF). Census of India. p. 39(Urban Section). Retrieved 20 April 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Shimla City Census 2011 data". Census 2011 India. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
  7. "Himachal Pradesh (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts".
  8. "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. pp. 28–29. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  9. Pratibha Chauhan (17 February 2019). "Bill to make Sanskrit second official language of HP passed". The Tribune. Shimla. Retrieved 26 March 2019.