Simone de Beauvoir
Simone Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir (UK: / /, US: / /; French: [simɔn də bovwaʁ] (listen); 9 January 1908 – 14 April 1986) was a French author (writer) and philosopher (person who writes about ways of thinking).
She wrote novels (stories in a book), articles about philosophy ways of thinking or ways of living, and politics, biographies (books about other people's lives) and an autobiography (a book about her life).
Her best known books are She Came to Stay and The Mandarins. Her best known writing about ideas is The Second Sex, which was written in 1949. It describes the bad experiences of women in European society, and suggests how women's lives can be improved.
Early years[change | change source]
Her full name was Simone Lucie-Ernestine-Marie-Bertrand de Beauvoir. She was born on January 9, 1908 in Paris. She studied mathematics and ways of thinking at the Institut Catholique. Then she studied literature and languages at the Institut Sainte-Marie. As well, she studied ways of thinking at the Sorbonne, which is at the University of Paris.
Her writing; personal life[change | change source]
In 1949, she wrote Le deuxième sexe. It was translated by Howard Parshley to The Second Sex. It describes the bad experiences of women in European society, and suggests how women's lives can be improved. The book also discussed ways of thinking about hard choices.
De Beauvoir was bisexual and had sexual relationships with some of her female students.
Some of the books she wrote[change | change source]
- The Blood of Others, (1945)
- Who Shall Die?, (1945)
- The Second Sex, (1949)
- The Mandarins, (1954)
- The Prime of Life, (1960)
- When Things of the Spirit Come First, (1979)
Books about Simone de Beauvoir[change | change source]
- Beauvoir, Simone de. Woman: Myth & Reality,
- in Jacobus, Lee A (ed.) A World of Ideas. Bedford/St. Martins, Boston 2006. 780-795
References[change | change source]
- Wells, John C. (2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0.
- Jones, Daniel (2011). Roach, Peter; Setter, Jane; Esling, John (eds.). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-15255-6.
- Academic tug-of-love over de Beauvoir legacy
Other websites[change | change source]
- The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Simone de Beauvoir by Shannon Mussett. Includes a bibliography of her work in English translation.
- Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Simone de Beauvoir by Debra Bergoffen. Extensive bibliography.
- Guardian Books "Author Page", with profile and links to further articles.