|Native speakers||16 million (2007)|
Vedda (perhaps a creole)
|Writing system||Sinhala alphabet (Brahmic)
|Official language in||Sri Lanka|
Sinhala is spoken by about 19 million people in Sri Lanka, about 16 million of them are native speakers. It is one of the constitutionally-recognised official languages of Sri Lanka, with Tamil. Sinhala has its own writing system (see Sinhala script) which is an offspring of the Indian Brahmi script.
The word order of Sinhala language is SOV (subject-object-verb) just like Japanese, Korean and many other languages in Asia. It would be easy for people from that particular language style to learn Sinhala with a little time and practice.
Ex 1 :
I home go Mama gedara yanawa. 나는 집에 갑니다 (Korean)
Ex 2 :
beautiful dress Lassana anduma 예쁜 옷 (Korean)
Morphologically, the words are built with the stem followed by a particle. The particle can vary so that it adds more grammatical change into the word connecting it to the whole sentence.
pusa yanawa -
kitten is going.
pusath yanawa -
kitten is also going.
ballata denawa -
giving (it) to the dog
giving it to the dog as well
giving it to the dog itself.
If you really take a good look at these sentences, you may easily find the stem of the words: pusa, pusath; ballata, ballathath, ballatama.
pusa- is the stem of the subjectival phrase. (kitten)
Pusa + th - as well
pusa + ta - to kitty
pusa + ta + th - to kitty as well
pusa + ta + ma - to kitty itself ^^
References[change | change source]
- Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007
- සිංහල, ISO 15919: siṁhala, pronounced [ˈsiŋhələ]
- English is a 'recognised language'.