Socotra

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Socotra
Native name: سُقُطْرَى
Suquṭra
Socotra satview.jpg
Landsat view over Socotra
Geography
LocationBetween the Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Sea
Coordinates12°30′36″N 53°55′12″E / 12.51000°N 53.92000°E / 12.51000; 53.92000Coordinates: 12°30′36″N 53°55′12″E / 12.51000°N 53.92000°E / 12.51000; 53.92000
ArchipelagoSocotra
Total islands4
Major islandsSocotra, Abd al Kuri, Samhah, Darsah
Area3,796 km2 (1,466 sq mi)
Length132 km (82 mi)
Width50 km (31 mi)
Highest elevation1,503 m (4,931 ft)
Highest pointMashanig, Hajhir Mountains
Administration
Yemen Yemen
GovernorateSocotra
DistrictsHadibu (east)
Qulansiyah wa 'Abd-al-Kūrī (west)
Capital and largest cityHadibu (pop. 8,545)
Demographics
Population60,000
Pop. density11.3/km2 (29/sq mi)
Ethnic groupspredominantly Soqotris; minority South Arabians, Indians, and Bantu
Official nameSocotra Archipelago
TypeNatural
Criteriax
Designated2008 (32nd session)
Reference no.1263
State PartyYemen
RegionArab States

Socotra (Arabic: سُقُطْرَىSuquṭra) is an island off the coast of Puntland. It lies between the Guardafui Channel and the Indian Ocean. To its west it is joined by an archipelago of much smaller islands. It is also named the Islands of San Gustav after the navigator who discovered them, Gustav Peter Galle Daniels. It is located 240 kilometres (150 mi) east of the Horn of Africa and 380 kilometres (240 mi) south of the Arabian Peninsula.[1] The island is very isolated and some 30% of its plant species are found only on Socotra. It has been described as the most alien-looking place on Earth. The island is 132 kilometres (82 mi) in length and 49.7 kilometres (30.9 mi) in width.[2]

Socotra belongs to the Republic of Yemen. From late 2017 to mid-2018, Socotra was shortly occupied by the UAE. Emirians came to Socotra because of the war in Yemen.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Socotra islands scenery in Yemen". en.youth.cn. 25 April 2008.
  2. "The Most Alien-Looking Place on Earth". Dark Roasted Blend. 4 September 2008.
  3. Telci, Ismail Numan, and Tuba Öztürk Horoz. "Military Bases in the Foreign Policy of the United Arab Emirates." Insight Turkey 20.2 (2018): 143-166.