Solanum

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Solanum is a genus in family Solanaceae, which is known for three species: tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplants.

List of species:

Subgenus Bassovia[change | change source]

Section Allophylla

  • Solanum granuloso-leprosum

Section Cyphomandropsis

  • Solanum glaucophyllum Desf. – Waxy-leaved nightshade

Section Pachyphylla

  • Solanum betaceum Cav. – Tamarillo
  • Solanum exiguum
  • Solanum roseum

Subgenus Leptostemonum[change | change source]

Five-minute plant (S. atropurpureum) fruit

Solanum palinacanthum Shrubby nightshade (S. robustum) flowers

Giant potatocreeper (S. wendlandii) flowers Porcupine tomato (S. pyracanthos) fruit

Section Acanthophora

  • Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq. – Indian nightshade
  • Solanum atropurpureum Schrank – Five-minute plant
  • Solanum capsicoides – Cockroach berry, polohauaiʻi (Polynesian)
  • Solanum mammosum – Nipplefruit, titty fruit, cow's udder, "apple of Sodom"
  • Solanum palinacanthum Dunal
  • Solanum viarum Dunal – Tropical soda apple

Section Androceras: 12 spp.

  • Series Androceras
  • Series Violaceiflorum
  • Series Pacificum

Section Anisantherum

Section Campanulata

Section Crinitum

Section Croatianum

Section Erythrotrichum

  • Solanum robustum H.L.Wendl. – Shrubby nightshade

Section Graciliflorum[verification needed]

Section Herposolanum

  • Solanum wendlandii Hook.f. – Giant potatocreeper

Section Irenosolanum

  • Solanum incompletum DunalPōpolo kū mai (Hawaiʻi)
  • Solanum nelsonii Dunal – Nelson's horsenettle, ʻĀkia (Hawaiʻi)
  • Solanum sandwicense Hook. & Arn. – Hawaiian horsenettle, Pōpoloʻaiakeakua (Oʻahu, Kauaʻi)

Section Ischyracanthum

Section Lasiocarpa

  • Solanum lasiocarpum Dunal
  • Solanum pseudolulolulo de perro (Colombia)
  • Solanum quitoenselulo (Colombia), naranjilla (Ecuador)
  • Solanum sessiliflorum – Cocona

Section Melongena

  • Solanum aculeastrum – Soda apple, sodaapple nightshade, goat apple, poison apple, "bitter-apple"
  • Solanum campechiense – Redberry nightshade
  • Solanum carolinense – Carolina horsenettle, radical weed, sand brier, devil's tomato, "bull nettle", "tread-softly", "apple of Sodom", "wild tomato" (southeastern United States)
  • Solanum cataphractum (northern Western Australia, including Coronation Island)
  • Solanum citrullifolium A.Braun – Watermelon nightshade (southern United States)
  • Solanum dimidiatum Raf. – Torrey's nightshade
  • Solanum elaeagnifolium – Silver-leaved nightshade, prairie berry, silverleaf nettle, white horsenettle, silver nightshade, "bull-nettle", "trompillo" (Spanish); Silver-leaf bitter-apple, satansbos (South Africa)
  • Solanum heterodoxum Dunal – Melon-leaved nightshade
  • Solanum incanum L.
  • Solanum linnaeanum – Devil's apple, "apple of Sodom"
  • Solanum macrocarpon L.
  • Solanum marginatum L.f. – White-margined nightshade
  • Solanum melongena – Eggplant, aubergine (including S. ovigerum)
  • Solanum rostratum Dunal – Buffalo bur, Texas thistle
  • Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam. – Sticky nightshade, fire-and-ice
  • Solanum virginianum L.

Section Micracantha

  • Solanum jamaicense Mill. – Jamaican nightshade
  • Solanum lanceifolium Jacq. – Lance-leaved nightshade
  • Solanum tampicense Dunal – Wetland nightshade

Section Monodolichopus

Section Nycterium

Section Oliganthes

  • Solanum aethiopicum – Ethiopian eggplant, nakati, mock tomato, Ethiopian nightshade; including S. gilo (scarlet eggplant, Gilo or jiló)
  • Solanum centrale – Australian desert raisin, bush raisin, bush sultana, "bush tomato", akatjurra (Alyawarre), kampurarpa (Pitjantjatjara), merne akatyerre (Arrernte), kutjera
  • Solanum cleistogamum – "bush tomato", merne mwanyerne (Arrernte)
  • Solanum ellipticum – Potato bush, "bush tomato"
  • Solanum pyracanthos Lam. – Porcupine tomato, Devil's Thorn
  • Solanum quadriloculatum F.Muell. – "bush tomato", "wild tomato" (Australia)

Section Persicariae

  • Solanum bahamense L. – Bahama nightshade, canker berry, berengena de playa
  • Solanum ensifolium Dunal – Erubia

Section Polytrichum

Section Pugiunculifera

Section Somalanum

Section Torva

  • Solanum asteropilodes
  • Solanum chrysotrichum Schltdl. – Giant devil's-fig
  • Solanum lanceolatum – Orangeberry nightshade
  • Solanum paniculatum – Jurubeba
  • Solanum torvum – Turkey berry, devil's fig, prickly nightshade, shoo-shoo bush, wild eggplant, pea eggplant

Subgenus Lyciosolanum[change | change source]

  • Solanum guineense L.

Subgenus Solanum sensu stricto[change | change source]

Solanum erianthumJasmine nightshade (S. laxum) flowers

Currant tomato (S. pimpinellifolium) fruit Andean black potatoes (S. tuberosum)Turkey berry (S. torvum) flowers

Yellow nightshade (S. villosum) fruit

Section Afrosolanum

Section Anarrhichomenum

  • Solanum baretiae

Section Archaesolanum

  • Solanum aviculare – Poroporo (New Zealand), kangaroo apple (Australia)

Section Basarthrum

  • Solanum catilliflorum
  • Solanum muricatum – Pepino dulce, pepino melon, melon pear, "pepino", "tree melon"
  • Solanum perlongistylum
  • Solanum tergosericeum

Section Benderianum

Section Brevantherum

  • Solanum bullatum
  • Solanum erianthum D.Don – Potato tree, "mullein nightshade"
  • Solanum mauritianum – Woolly nightshade, ear-leaved nightshade, flannel weed, bugweed, tobacco weed, kerosene plant, "wild tobacco" (Australia)
  • Solanum evolvuloides

Section Dulcamara

  • Solanum crispum – Chilean potato vine, Chilean nightshade, Chilean potato tree
  • Solanum dulcamara – Bittersweet
  • Solanum imbaburense
  • Solanum laxum Spreng. – Jasmine nightshade
  • Solanum leiophyllum
  • Solanum seaforthianum Andrews – Brazilian nightshade
  • Solanum triquetrum Cav. – Texas nightshade
  • Solanum wallacei – Wallace's nightshade, Catalina nightshade, Clokey's nightshade, "wild tomato" (including S. clokeyi)
  • Solanum xanti – Purple nightshade, San Diego nightshade

Section Herpystichum

Section Holophylla

  • Solanum diphyllum L. – Twin-leaved nightshade
  • Solanum pseudocapsicum – Jerusalem cherry, Madeira winter cherry, "winter cherry" (including S. capsicastrum)
  • Solanum pseudoquina (including S. inaequale Vell.)

Section Juglandifolia

  • Solanum juglandifolium
  • Solanum ochranthum

Section Lemurisolanum

Section Lycopersicoides

  • Solanum lycopersicoides Dunal – Peruvian wolfpeach
  • Solanum sitiens

Section Lycopersicon

  • Solanum arcanum Peralta – "wild tomato"
  • Solanum chilense
  • Solanum corneliomulleri
  • Solanum huaylasense Peralta
  • Solanum peruvianum L. – Peruvian nightshade, "wild tomato"
  • Solanum cheesmaniae (L.Riley) Fosberg
  • Solanum chmielewskii
  • Solanum galapagense S.C.Darwin & Peralta
  • Solanum habrochaites
  • Solanum lycopersicumTomato
  • Solanum neorickii
  • Solanum pennellii
  • Solanum pimpinellifolium – Currant tomato

Section Macronesiotes

Section Normania

  • Solanum nava (?)

Section Petota

  • Solanum albornozii
  • Solanum bulbocastanum – Ornamental nightshade
  • Solanum bukasovii Juz. ex Rybin
  • Solanum burtonii
  • Solanum cardiophyllum – Heart-leaved nightshade
  • Solanum chilliasense
  • Solanum commersonii Dunal – Commerson's nightshade
  • Solanum demissum Lindl. – Dwarf wild potato
  • Solanum jamesii – Wild potato
  • Solanum minutifoliolum
  • Solanum paucijugum
  • Solanum phureja Juz. & Bukasov
  • Solanum pinnatisectum Dunal – Tansy-leaved nightshade
  • Solanum regularifolium
  • Solanum stoloniferum Schltdl. – Tigna potato, Fendler's horsenettle
  • Solanum stenotomum (including S. goniocalyx)
  • Solanum ternatum (including S. ternifolium)
  • Solanum tuberosum – Potato

Section Pteroidea

Section Quadrangulare

Section Regmandra

Section Solanum

  • Solanum adscendens Sendtner – Sonoita nightshade (Americas)
  • Solanum americanum Mill. – American nightshade, American black nightshade, glossy nightshade (Americas, Hawaiʻi)
  • Solanum chenopodioides Lam. – Goosefoot nightshade, slender nightshade (including S. gracilius)
  • Solanum douglasii Dunal – Green-spotted nightshade
  • Solanum interius Rydb.
  • Solanum melongena L.
  • Solanum nigrescens M.Martens & Galeotti – Divine nightshade
  • Solanum nigrum L. – European black nightshade, "black nightshade"
  • S. nigrum guineense – "Garden Huckleberry"
  • Solanum pseudogracile Heiser – Glowing nightshade
  • Solanum ptychanthum – West Indian nightshade, Eastern black nightshade
  • Solanum retroflexum – Wonderberry, sunberry
  • Solanum sarrachoides – Hairy nightshade
  • Solanum scabrum Mill. – Garden huckleberry
  • Solanum triflorum Nutt. – Cut-leaved nightshade
  • Solanum villosum Mill. – Yellow nightshade

Other notable species[change | change source]

Forked nightshade (S. furcatum)

Bluewitch nightshade (S. umbelliferum) flowers

  • Solanum abutiloides – Dwarf tamarillo
  • Solanum amygdalifolium Steud.
  • Solanum bellum
  • Solanum cajanumense
  • Solanum chimborazense
  • Solanum chrysasteroides
  • Solanum cinnamomeum
  • Solanum conocarpum Rich. ex Dunal – Marron bacoba
  • Solanum cowiei Martine
  • Solanum cremastanthemum
  • Solanum davisense Whalen – Davis' horsenettle
  • Solanum densepilosulum
  • Solanum donianum Walp. – Mullein nightshade
  • Solanum dolichorhachis
  • Solanum fallax
  • Solanum ferox L. – Hairy-fruited eggplant, Thai hairy-fruited eggplant
  • Solanum fortunense
  • Solanum furcatum – Forked nightshade
  • Solanum glabratum Dunal
  • Solanum haleakalaense H.St.John
  • Solanum hindsianum Benth. – Hinds' nightshade
  • Solanum hypermegethes
  • Solanum hypocalycosarcum
  • Solanum interandinum
  • Solanum latiflorum
  • Solanum leucodendron
  • Solanum lumholtzianum Bartlett – Sonoran nightshade
  • Solanum luteoalbum (including S. semicoalitum)
  • Solanum lycocarpumWolf apple, fruta-de-lobo, lobeira (Brazil)
  • Solanum melissarum Bohs
  • Solanum nudum Dunal – Forest nightshade
  • Solanum ovum-fringillae
  • Solanum paralum
  • Solanum parishii A.Heller – Parish's nightshade
  • Solanum physalifolium Rusby
  • Solanum pinetorum
  • Solanum polygamum Vahl – Cakalaka berry
  • Solanum pyrifolium Lam.
  • Solanum pubescens Willd.
  • Solanum riedlei Dunal – Riedle's nightshade
  • Solanum rudepannum Dunal
  • Solanum rugosum Dunaltabacon aspero
  • Solanum sibundoyense
  • Solanum sodiroi (including S. carchiense)
  • Solanum sycocarpum
  • Solanum tenuipes Bartlett – Fancy nightshade
  • Solanum tobagense
  • Solanum trilobatum L.
  • Solanum umbelliferum – Bluewitch nightshade
  • Solanum verrogeneum Berengena
  • Solanum violaceum Ortega
  • Solanum viride Spreng. – Green Nightshade
  • Solanum woodburyi Howard – Woodbury's nightshade