Sooty mangabey

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sooty mangabey
The white-collared mangabey,
a subspecies
Scientific classification
Binomial name
Cercocebus atys

The sooty mangabey (Cercocebus atys), is an Old World monkey of Guinea Bissau, Gabon, Senegal and Ghana. It has social groups of four to twelve individuals.

Disease[change | change source]

Sooty mangabeys are naturally infected with a strain of Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV). Due to extensive human-mangabey contact in sub-Saharan Africa, the virus has jumped from this species into humans on many occasions. This resulted in the HIV-2 virus. The HIV-1 strain by contrast came from the common chimpanzee strain of SIV.[2][3]

The sooty mangabey can also get leprosy, as can humans, the Nine-banded Armadillo, the common chimpanzee, and the crab-eating macaque.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. Primate Specialist Group (1996). Cercocebus atys. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 10 May 2006.
  2. Binhua Ling; et al. (2004). "Classic AIDS in a sooty mangabey after an 18-year natural infection". J. Virol. 78 (16): 8902–8908. doi:10.1128/JVI.78.16.8902-8908.2004. PMC 479084. PMID 15280498.
  3. Lemey P. et al 2003. Tracing the origin and history of the HIV-2 epidemic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100 (11): 6588–6592. [1]
  4. Rojas-Espinosa O. & Løvik M. (2001). "Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepraemurium infections in domestic and wild animals". Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int. Epiz. 20 (1): 219–51. doi:10.20506/rst.20.1.1271. PMID 11288514.