Aerial view of Sosúa
|• Total||276.89 km2 (106.91 sq mi)|
|• Density||179/km2 (460/sq mi)|
|Including populations of its municipal districts|
(in English, sosuan)
|Time zone||AST (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||AST (UTC-4)|
|Distance||27 km (17 mi) to Puerto Plata|
|Website||Ayuntamiento de Sosúa|
Geography[change | change source]
Sosúa is along the Sosúa Bay, a small bay with two headlands: to the east is Punta Sosúa ("punta" is a Spanish word that means, in this case, a headland) that was named as Punta Seca ("Dry headland") by Columbus in his first visit to the island; and to the west is Punta Payne, in front of the Sosúa Beach.
The bay is divided in two smaller bays:
- The western small bay, or Puerto Chiquito; it is the smaller of the two divisions of the bay and is where the Sosua River ends.
- The eastern part, Puerto Grande or commonly named Puerto Sosúa, is larger and it was used as a port in the past; the Sosúa beach is here.
The city is about 8.6 km (5.3 mi) from the Puerto Plata International Airport.
History[change | change source]
At the beginning of the 20th Century, the United Fruit Company began to grow bananas around the present Sosúa to send the fruits to the United States. The company had over 1.5 million banana plants, and in the year 1900 they sent thousands of fruits to the United States alone. Many people came to live here and to work with the company. United Fruit later closed the Sosúa banana operations in 1916.
Seven hundred and fifty German and Austrian Jews refugees came to the Dominican Republic between 1940 and 1945 to live in Sosúa. Here they created a dairy and cheese factory named "Productos Sosúa" that is still working. When the World War II ended, some of this refugees went to live to United States but many of them stayed in Sosúa.
With the development of tourism in the mid 1980s in the country, Sosúa came to be one of the most important places for tourism in the northern coast.
Population[change | change source]
In the last national census (2010), the municipality had a total population of 49,593: 25,239 men and 24,354 women. The urban population was 35% of the total population. In this numbers are included the population of the municipal districts Cabarete and Sabaneta de Yásica. The population of Sosúa without those municipal districts was 29,653.
Economy[change | change source]
Even if agriculture and fishing were very important activities in the past, since the mid 1980s tourism has come to be most important economic activity, with several important hotels in the city and in places near Sosúa.
References[change | change source]
- Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
- Rodríguez, Cayetano Armando (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía de la Isla de Santo Domingo y Reseña de las Demás Antillas, Second Edition. Santo Domingo: Sociedad Dominicana de Geografía, Vol. XI.
- Sosua Virtual Museum. "Sosúa before 1939". http://www.sosuamuseum.org/our-origins/d-o-r-s-a/. Retrieved 2013-03-13.
- Crassweller, Robert D. (1966). Trujillo. The Life and Times of a Caribbean Dictator. New York: The MacMillan Co. pp. 199–200.
- Féliz, Werner D. (2004) (in Spanish). División político-territorial dominicana 1944-2004. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: CONAU. ISBN 999349391-0.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Sosua Virtual Museum
- Tropical Zion: General Trujillo, FDR, and the Jews of Sosúa by Allen Wells
- Sosúa, Dominican Republic
- Records of the Dominican Republic Settlement Association (DORSA) 1939-1977 American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee Archives