South African National Defence Force
|South African National Defence Force|
|Current form||1994 - present|
|Service branches||South African Army|
South African Navy
South African Air Force
South African Military Health Service
|Headquarters||Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa|
|Minister of Defence and Military Veterans||Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula|
|Chief of the South African National Defence Force||General Solly Shoke|
|10 354 769 males, age 18-49 (2005),|
10 626 550 females, age 18-49 (2005)
|4 927 757 males, age 18-49 (2005),|
4 609 071 females, age 18-49 (2005)
|512 407 males (2005),|
506 078 females (2005)
|Budget||$US 4.572 billion|
|Percent of GDP||1.1% (2010-2011)|
|Domestic suppliers||Denel, Reutech Radar Systems, Thales, Paramount Group|
|Foreign suppliers||BAE Systems, Saab AB, ThyssenKrupp, AgustaWestland|
The SANDF is made up of four branches: the South African Army, the South African Navy, the South African Air Force, and the South African Military Health Service (formerly the South African Medical Service).
The Commander-in-Chief of the military is the President of South Africa, currently Cyril Ramaphosa. The Ministry of Defence and Military Veterans, currently headed by Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula, is in charge of political leadership. Military command is in the hands of the General Staff, headed by the Chief of the South African National Defence Force, who is General Solly Shoke.
The history of the SANDF can be traced back to 1912, with the establishment of the Union Defence Force (UDF). In 1957, the Union Defence Force was renamed to the South African Defence Force (SADF). The SADF fought a bloody guerrilla war against the South West African People's Organisation (SWAPO) and the African National Congress in South West Africa (now Namibia). SADF forces were also involved in the Angolan Civil War. In 1994, the South African Defence Force was combined with the ANC's Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the PAC's Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA), several Bantustan defence forces, and the self protection units of the Inkatha Freedom Party to form the South African National Defence Force.
Since 1994, South Africa has been trying to develop its military into a professional, well trained and mobile military. The SANDF currently plays a role in peacekeeping in the African continent, in countries such as the DRC and Burundi.