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South Island oystercatcher

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South Island oystercatcher
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Haematopodidae
Genus: Haematopus
H. finschi
Binomial name
Haematopus finschi
(Martens, 1897)

The South Island oystercatcher, South Island pied oystercatcher, New Zealand oystercatcher, or tōrea (Haematopus finschi) is a bird in the family Haematopodidae. It lives in New Zealand but it also goes to Australia.[2]

Appearance[change | change source]

This bird has black and white feathers, pink legs, and a long red bill, or beak.[2]

Habitat[change | change source]

This bird spends most of its time in estuaries places where rivers mix with the ocean or by the coast. When it is time for them to lay eggs, they go near rivers, in farmland, and sometimes grasslands. They build nests on the ground out of gravel or earth.[2]

Food[change | change source]

When this bird lives in estuaries or the coast, it eats mollusks, for example oysters and other animals with two shells. It also eats crustaceans, earthworms, and insect larvae. Scientists do not know what it eats when it flies inland to build nests.[2]

Threats[change | change source]

There were about 40,000 birds alive in the early 1970s and 112,000 in the early 1990s.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. BirdLife International. "South Island Oystercatcher: Haematopus finschi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: e.T22693632A155215731. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T22693632A155215731.en. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "South Island pied oystercatcher: Haematopus finschi Martens, 1897". New Zealand Birds. Retrieved August 29, 2021.