Spaniel

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A spaniel is a type of gun dog. Spaniels were especially bred in the 1700's in Great Britain to flush game birds out of thick bushes[1] There are many types of spaniel dogs, the most popular ones are the Cocker Spaniel, the English Springer Spaniel, the Field Spaniel and the Welsh Springer Spaniel.

Types of Spaniel[change | change source]

Recent species[change | change source]

Type of Spaniel Also known as Country/region of origin Min. height Max. height Min. weight Max. weight Image
American Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel
(in the United States)
United States 13 in (33 cm) 15 in (38 cm) 24 lb (11 kg) 29 lb (13 kg)[2] Cockeramericain1.jpg
American Water Spaniel United States 15 in (38 cm) 18 in (46 cm) 25 lb (11 kg) 45 lb (20 kg)[3] Chien d'eau americain champion 1.JPG
Blue Picardy Spaniel Epagneul Bleu de Picardie France 22 in (56 cm) 24 in (61 cm)[4] 43 lb (20 kg) 45 lb (20 kg)[5] Epagneul bleu de picardie 868.jpg
Boykin Spaniel United States 15 in (38 cm) 18 in (46 cm) 25 lb (11 kg) 45 lb (20 kg)[6] Boykin spaniel.jpg
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel England 12 in (30 cm) 13 in (33 cm) 13 lb (5.9 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)[7] CarterBIS.Tiki.13.6.09.jpg
Clumber Spaniel England 17 in (43 cm) 20 in (51 cm) 55 lb (25 kg) 85 lb (39 kg)[8] Clumber spaniel 767.jpg
Drentse Patrijshond Dutch Partridge Dog Netherlands 21.5 in (55 cm) 25.5 in (65 cm) 55 lb (25 kg) 77 lb (35 kg)[9] Drentse Patrijshond.jpg
English Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel
(In the United Kingdom)
England 15 in (38 cm) 17 in (43 cm) 26 lb (12 kg) 34 lb (15 kg)[10] EnglishCockerSpaniel simon.jpg
English Springer Spaniel England 19 in (48 cm) 20 in (51 cm) 40 lb (18 kg) 50 lb (23 kg)[11] EnglishSpringerSpan2 wb.jpg
Field Spaniel England 17 in (43 cm) 18 in (46 cm) 35 lb (16 kg) 50 lb (23 kg)[12] Field spaniel 581.jpg
German Spaniel Deutscher Wachtelhund Germany 16 in (41 cm) 20 in (51 cm) 44 lb (20 kg) 66 lb (30 kg)[13] Płochacz niemiecki 2009 pl.jpg
Irish Water Spaniel Whiptail, Shannon Spaniel, Rat Tail Spaniel, and Bog Dog Ireland 21 in (53 cm) 24 in (61 cm) 45 lb (20 kg) 65 lb (29 kg)[14] Irlandzki spaniel wodny 676.jpg
King Charles Spaniel English Toy Spaniel
(in the United States)
England 9 in (23 cm) 10 in (25 cm) 6 lb (2.7 kg) 12 lb (5.4 kg)[15] English Toy Spaniel Cropped.jpg
Kooikerhondje Netherlands 14 in (36 cm) 16 in (41 cm) 20 lb (9.1 kg) 24 lb (11 kg)[16] Płochacz holenderski (kooikerhondje) 11.jpg
Markiesje Dutch tulip dog Netherlands 12.5 in (32 cm) 15.5 in (39 cm) 13 lb (5.9 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg) Us babbe.jpg
Papillon Continental Toy Spaniel,
Épagneul Nain Continental
France 8 in (20 cm) 11 in (28 cm)[17] 5 lb (2.3 kg) 10 lb (4.5 kg)[18] Outdoor Continental Toy Spaniel Papillon.jpeg
Phalène Continental Toy Spaniel,
Épagneul Nain Continental
Belgium 8 in (20 cm) 11 in (28 cm) 5 lb (2.3 kg) 10 lb (4.5 kg)[19] Spaniel miniaturowy kontynentalny phalene 546.jpg
Picardy Spaniel Épagneul Picard France 22 in (56 cm) 23.5 in (60 cm) 44 lb (20 kg) 55 lb (25 kg)[20] Epagneul picard 685.jpg
Pont-Audemer Spaniel Épagneul Pont-Audemer France 20 in (51 cm) 23 in (58 cm)[21] 40 lb (18 kg) 53 lb (24 kg)[22] Epagneul de pont-audemer h67.jpg
Russian Spaniel Russian hunting spaniel

(Русский охотничий спаниель)

Russia 15 in (38 cm) 17 in (43 cm) 28 lb (13 kg) 40 lb (18 kg)[23] Russpaniel.jpg
Stabyhoun Frisian Pointer dog Netherlands 19.6 in (50 cm) 21 in (53 cm) 30 lb (14 kg) 50 lb (23 kg)[24] Frisianstaby.jpg
Sussex Spaniel England 13 in (33 cm) 15 in (38 cm) 35 lb (16 kg) 44 lb (20 kg)[25] Sussex spaniel t43.jpg
Welsh Springer Spaniel Wales 17 in (43 cm) 19 in (48 cm) 35 lb (16 kg) 55 lb (25 kg)[26] Welsh Springer Spaniel 1.jpg

Extinct[change | change source]

Type of Spaniel Country/region of origin Period of extinction Image
Alpine Spaniel Switzerland 1830s Alpine spaniel.jpg
English Water Spaniel England 1930s English Water Spaniel.jpg
Norfolk Spaniel England 1902 Norfoldspaniel.jpg
Toy Trawler Spaniel United Kingdom 1920s Trawler spaniel goblin.jpg
Tweed Water Spaniel England 19th century Tweed Water Spaniel.jpg

Wrongly named[change | change source]

The following types are not spaniels. They are called spaniels as they looked like spaniels.

Type of Spaniel Also known as Country/region of origin Min. height Max. height Min. weight Max. weight Image
Japanese Chin Japanese Spaniel Japan 09 in (23 cm) 10 in (25 cm) 04 lb (1.8 kg) 11 lb (5.0 kg)[27] Sachi.jpg
Pekingese Chinese Spaniel[28] China 08 in (20 cm) 09 in (23 cm) 08 lb (3.6 kg) 14 lb (6.4 kg)[29] Bailey Pekingese.jpg
Tibetan Spaniel Tibet[30] 09 in (23 cm) 11 in (28 cm) 09 lb (4.1 kg) 15 lb (6.8 kg)[31] Tibetansk spaniel.jpg




References[change | change source]

  1. Goodall and Gasow, The New Complete English Springer Spaniel, 1984.
  2. Fogle (2006): p. 152
  3. Palika (2007): p. 131
  4. "Blue Picardy Spaniel - Breed Description and Information". Canada's Guide to Dogs. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
  5. Fogle (2006): p. 230
  6. Palika (2007): p. 172
  7. Coile, D. Caroline (2008). Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (2nd ed.). Barron's Educational Series. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-7641-3771-6.
  8. Smith (2002): p. 128
  9. Cunliffe, Juliette (1999). The Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds. Parragon. p. 323. ISBN 0-7525-8018-3.
  10. Lambert, Cathy. Getting to Know English Cockers. Animalinfo Publications. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-921537-15-8.
  11. Smith (2002): p. 134
  12. Palika (2007): p. 237
  13. Fogle (2006): p. 344
  14. Palika (2007): p. 269
  15. Palika (2007): p. 232
  16. Larkin, Peter (2003). The Essential Dog Book. Anness Publishing. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-681-86485-6.
  17. Hungerland, Jacklyn E. (2003). Papillons. Barron's Educational Series. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-7641-2419-8.
  18. Palika (2007): p. 311
  19. "Breed Information: Phalene". Purina Care: Pet Health Library. Archived from the original on 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
  20. "Picardy Spaniel Information". Sarah's Dogs. Archived from the original on 2018-10-21. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  21. Cunliffe, Juliette (2005). The Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds (2nd ed.). Whitecap Books. p. 310. ISBN 978-0-7641-5700-4.
  22. Wilcox, Bonnie; Walkowicz, Chris (1995). Atlas of Dog Breeds of the World (5th ed.). TFH Publications. p. 383. ISBN 978-0-7938-1284-4.
  23. Cunliffe, Juliette (1999). The Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds. Parragon. p. 347. ISBN 0-7525-8018-3.
  24. "Ameri-Can Stabyhoun Association". stabyhouns.org. Archived from the original on 2013-04-19. Retrieved 2013-02-14.
  25. Spiotta-DiMare, Loren (1999). The Sporting Spaniel Handbook. Barron's Educational Series. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-7641-0884-6.
  26. Smith (2002): p. 122
  27. Fogle (2006): p. 67
  28. Drury, W.D. (1903). "Chapter LVIII. Chinese Spaniels, Chinese Pugs or Pekinese Spaniels, Pekinese Pugs". British Dogs, Their Points, Selection, And Show Preparation. Charles Scribner's Sons. Archived from the original on 2010-02-19. Retrieved 2010-03-07.
  29. Palika (2007): p. 315
  30. "FCI-Standard N° 231 / 11. 05. 1998 / GB Tibetan Spaniel". Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Archived from the original on 2012-08-01. Retrieved 2010-10-16.
  31. Palika (2007): p. 375