Saint Lawrence River

Coordinates: 49°30′N 64°30′W / 49.500°N 64.500°W / 49.500; -64.500
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Saint Lawrence River
Fleuve Saint-Laurent, Fleuve St-Laurent, St-Lawrence River, St-Laurent River
Saint Lawrence River near Alexandria Bay
Map of the Saint Lawrence/Great Lakes Watershed
EtymologySaint Lawrence of Rome
CountryCanada, United States
ProvincesOntario, Quebec
StateNew York
Major CityMontreal
Metropolitan AreaGreater Montreal
Physical characteristics
SourceLake Ontario
 - locationKingston, Ontario / Cape Vincent, New York
 - coordinates44°06′N 76°24′W / 44.100°N 76.400°W / 44.100; -76.400
 - elevation74.7 m (245 ft)
MouthGulf of St. Lawrence / Atlantic Ocean
 - locationQuebec, Canada
 - coordinates49°30′N 64°30′W / 49.500°N 64.500°W / 49.500; -64.500
 - elevation0 m (0 ft)
Length500 km (310 mi)Excluding the estuary. Ca. 1200 km if included.
Basin size1,344,200 km2 (519,000 sq mi)[1]
 - locationbelow the Saguenay River
 - average16,800 m3/s (590,000 cu ft/s)

The Saint Lawrence River (French: fleuve Saint-Laurent; Tuscarora: Kahnawáʼkye;[2] Mohawk: Kaniatarowanenneh, meaning "big waterway") is a big river in eastern North America. It flows between the Canadian province of Quebec & Ontario and the American state of New York, and through the major Canadian city of Montreal. It is the third largest river in Canada.

The river drains water from the Great Lakes into the Atlantic Ocean. It is more than three thousand kilometres long. The river meets the Atlantic Ocean in a big "estuary" or bay, the biggest in the world; this is called the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.

The Canadian cities of Kingston, Montreal, Trois-Rivières and Quebec City are on this river. The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows ships to go up the river and through the Great Lakes right into the middle of North America.

References[change | change source]

  1. Natural Resources Canada, Atlas of Canada - Rivers Archived 2012-03-29 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Rudes, B. Tuscarora English Dictionary Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999

Other websites[change | change source]