The word "Hindi" in Devanagari script
Significant communities in Nepal
|(180 million cited 1991)|
Total, including Urdu: 490 million
Official language in
|Regulated by||Central Hindi Directorate (India)|
Hindi is widely written, spoken and understood in North India and some other places in India. In 1997, a survey found that 45% of Indians can speak Hindi. The most common form of Hindi is known as Hindustani. It has taken words from the Dravidian languages of South India, as well as the Arabic, Persian, Turkish, English and Portuguese languages.[source?]
The Hindustani language is almost the same as Urdu, the official language of Pakistan; the main difference is that Urdu is written in the Arabic alphabet. Hindi and Urdu were considered the same language until Pakistan split away from India. However, to this day, both languages are mutually intelligible, meaning their speakers can understand each other without knowing the other language.
Hindi developed from Sanskrit, the ancient language of India. Hindi started to develop in the 7th century as "Apabhramsha" and became stable by the 10th century. Some famous Hindi poets are Tulsidas and Kabir.
Dialects of Hindi include: Avadhi, Braj, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Bagheli, Chhattisgarhi, Dogri and Marwari.
Hindi Diwas is an annual celebration on 14th September. It commemorates the law of 1949 that made Hindi the legal language of the Republic.
References[change | change source]
- Ethnologue, "Hindi"
- BBC: A Guide to Urdu
- Hindustani (2005). Keith Brown (ed.). Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics (2 ed.). Elsevier. ISBN 0-08-044299-4.
- Central Hindi Directorate regulates the use of Devanagari script and Hindi spelling in India. Source: Central Hindi Directorate: Introduction
- "What Languages Are Spoken In Pakistan?". WorldAtlas. Retrieved 2017-10-26.