States of Germany

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Germany has 16 states (German: Bundesländer, singular: Bundesland). The biggest is Bavaria and the smallest is Bremen. Most of them were created after the Second World War, although their historical roots can be traced back to the early Middle Ages in some cases.

Exceptions are:

Flag and Bundesland Capital Population Area in km² Part of the Federal

Republic since

 Baden-Württemberg Stuttgart 10,661,320 35,752 1952
 Bavaria (Bayern) München (Munich) 12,387,351 70,550 1949
 Berlin Berlin 3,392,425 892 1990
 Brandenburg Potsdam 2,582,380 29,476 1990
 Bremen Bremen 662,100 404 1949
 Hamburg Hamburg 1,728,800 755 1949
 Hesse (Hessen) Wiesbaden 6,911,620 21,114 1949
 Mecklenburg-West Pomerania (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) Schwerin 1,744,620 23,173 1990
 Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) Hannover (Hanover) 7,980,470 47,616 1949
 North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen or NRW) Düsseldorf 18,076,355 34,082 1949
 Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) Mainz 4,057,730 19,847 1949
 Saarland Saarbrücken 1,064,988 2,568 1957
 Saxony (Sachsen) Dresden 4,349,060 18,413 1990
 Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt) Magdeburg 2,548,911 20,447 1990
 Schleswig-Holstein Kiel 2,816,507 15,761 1949
 Thuringia (Thüringen) Erfurt 2,392,040 16,172 1990