States of Germany

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States of Germany (in German)

The Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) has 16 states (German: Bundesländer, singular: Bundesland). The biggest is Bavaria and the smallest is Bremen. Most of them were created after the Second World War, although their historical roots can be traced back to the early Middle Ages in some cases.

Exceptions are:

Population and area in km² as of November 2014.

Flag and Bundesland German name Capital Population Area (km²) Part of FRG
 Baden-Württemberg Baden-Württemberg Stuttgart 10,880,000 35,751 1952
 Bavaria Bayern Munich (München) 12,844,000 70,550 1949
 Berlin Berlin Berlin 3,520,000 892 1990
 Brandenburg Brandenburg Potsdam 2,485,000 29,654 1990
 Bremen Bremen Bremen 671,000 420 1949
 Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg 1,787,000 755 1949
 Hesse Hessen Wiesbaden 6,176,000 21,115 1949
 Lower Saxony Niedersachsen Hanover (Hannover) 7,927,000 47,593 1949
 Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Schwerin 1,612,000 23,212 1990
 North Rhine-Westphalia Nordrhein-Westfalen (NRW) Düsseldorf 17,865,000 34,113 1949
 Rhineland-Palatinate Rheinland-Pfalz Mainz 4,053,000 19,854 1949
 Saarland Saarland Saarbrücken 996,000 2,567 1957
 Saxony Sachsen Dresden 4,085,000 18,449 1990
 Saxony-Anhalt Sachsen-Anhalt Magdeburg 2,245,000 20,452 1990
 Schleswig-Holstein Schleswig-Holstein Kiel 2,859,000 15,802 1949
 Thuringia Thüringen Erfurt 2,171,000 16,202 1990