Stećak

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Stećak
Bosniangraves bosniska gravar februari 2007 stecak stecci3.jpg
Stećak in Radimlja necropolis
Official name: Stećci Medieval Tombstones Graveyards
TypeCultural
Criteriaiii, vi
Designated2016 (40th session)
Reference no.1504
State Party Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Croatia
 Montenegro
 Serbia
RegionEurope and North America

Stećak (Стећак, [stetɕak]; plural: Stećci, Стећци, [stetɕtsi]) are monumental tombstones made in medieval Bosnia and Herzegovina.

History[change | change source]

The Stecci are relared to the Vlachs who lived in the Dinaric Alps of Herzegovina since the Middle Ages. Most of the Stecci were created after the X century and until the Turk invasion of the Balkans. According to the scholar Wenzel the Stecci are the clear evidence of the existence of a romance territory in the area between Italy and Romania,[1] that now has disappeared.

Data[change | change source]

The tombstones are mostly in Bosnia and Herzegovina with a smaller amount in the border area of Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia. About 60,000 are found within the territory of the modern Bosnia and Herzegovina. The rest of 10,000 are found in what are today Croatia (4,400), Montenegro (3,500), and Serbia (4,100). The stećak are at more than 3,300 odd sites with over 90% in poor condition.[2][3]

References[change | change source]

  1. The Stecci and the Bridge between Italy and Romania
  2. "Joint Nomination for Inclusion of Stećci - Medieval Tombstones in the World Heritage List". UNESCO. 14 April 2014.
  3. Musli, Emir (23 November 2014). "Čiji su naši stećci?" (in Bosnian). Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 1 April 2016.

See also[change | change source]

Bibliography[change | change source]

  • UNESCO (2016). "Stećci Medieval Tombstones Graveyards".
  • Cebotarev Andrej. Review of Stećaks (Standing Tombstones) and Migrations of the Vlasi (Autochthonous Population) in Dalmatia and Southwestern Bosnia in the 14th and 15th Centuries. Croatian Institute of History. Zagreb, 1996