This article is about a World Heritage Site


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search


Strasbourg Cathedral.jpg
Coat of arms of Strasbourg
Strasbourg is located in France
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Bas-Rhin
Elevation 132–151 m (433–495 ft)
Land area1 78.26 km2 (30.22 sq mi)
Population2 274,394  (2012)
 - Density 3,506 /km2 (9,080 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 67482/ 67000
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 48°20′33″N 7°27′03″E / 48.3424°N 7.4508°E / 48.3424; 7.4508

Strasbourg is a city in eastern France, the prefecture of Alsace. Today, about 275,000 people live there (with around 780,000 in the metropolitan area). It lies on the left bank of the Rhine, opposite the German city of Kehl.

Strasbourg is the seat Council of Europe, of the European Court of Human Rights and of the European Parliament. A lot of people also consider Strasbourg to be the capital of the European Union.

History[change | change source]

Its old town, la Grande Île ("Grand Island") has been classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The city was founded in 12 BC by Drusus, the brother of Tiberius. Its Celtic name was Argentorate (which the Romans called Argentoratum). People think this name is linked to the river Ill (that flows into the Rhine near Strasbourg).

At that time, it was on the Limes, a fortification the Romans built across Europe (to keep out the Germanic tribes). There was a fortification (named castella drusi, drusus fort) at that spot. Soldiers need to live from something, so a local civilian settlement developed there. Later, the Limes was pushed farther east.

Climate[change | change source]

Strasbourg has an oceanic climate (Cfb in the Koeppen climate classification).

Education[change | change source]