This article is about a World Heritage Site

Strasbourg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Strasbourg
Prefecture and commune
Strasbourg Railway Station at Night, Alsace, France - Diliff.jpg
Strasbourg Cathedral.jpg Absolute ponts couverts 02.jpg
Strasbourg Palais Rohan depuis le quai des Bateliers.jpg Absolute Petite France 02.jpg Straßburger Kaiserpalast (heute Palais du Rhin).jpg
Strasbourg-Hôtel Brion (2).jpg European Parliament Strasbourg Hemicycle - Diliff.jpg
Strasbourg seen from Esca Tower in 2014.jpg
Flag of Strasbourg
Flag
Coat of arms of Strasbourg
Coat of arms
Strasbourg is located in France
Strasbourg
Strasbourg
Coordinates: 48°35′N 7°45′E / 48.58°N 7.75°E / 48.58; 7.75Coordinates: 48°35′N 7°45′E / 48.58°N 7.75°E / 48.58; 7.75
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Strasbourg
Canton 6 cantons
Intercommunality Strasbourg Eurométropole
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Roland Ries (PS)
Area1 78.26 km2 (30.22 sq mi)
 • Urban (2013[1]) 224 km2 (86 sq mi)
 • Metro (2013[1]) 1,351.5 km2 (521.8 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2014[2])2 276,170
 • Rank 7th in France
 • Density 3,528.88/km2 (9,139.8/sq mi)
 • Urban (2013[1]) 456,759[3]
 • Metro (2013[1]) 773,347[4]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 67482 /
Dialling codes 0388, 0390, 0368
Elevation 132–151 m (433–495 ft)
Website www.strasbourg.eu

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Strasbourg is a city in eastern France, the prefecture of Alsace. Today, about 275,000 people live there (with around 780,000 in the metropolitan area). It lies on the left bank of the Rhine, opposite the German city of Kehl.

Strasbourg is the seat Council of Europe, of the European Court of Human Rights and of the European Parliament. A lot of people also consider Strasbourg to be the capital of the European Union.

History[change | change source]

Its old town, la Grande Île ("Grand Island") has been classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The city was founded in 12 BC by Drusus, the brother of Tiberius. Its Celtic name was Argentorate (which the Romans called Argentoratum). People think this name is linked to the river Ill (that flows into the Rhine near Strasbourg).

At that time, it was on the Limes, a fortification the Romans built across Europe (to keep out the Germanic tribes). There was a fortification (named castella drusi, drusus fort) at that spot. Soldiers need to live from something, so a local civilian settlement developed there. Later, the Limes was pushed farther east.

Climate[change | change source]

Strasbourg has an oceanic climate (Cfb in the Koeppen climate classification).

Education[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Only the part of the urban area on French territory.
  2. "Populations légales 2014 des communes du département" (PDF). insee.fr. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  3. "AUnité urbaine de Strasbourg (partie française) (67701)". insee.fr. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  4. "Aire urbaine de Strasbourg (partie française) (009)". insee.fr. Retrieved 25 July 2016.