Streptophyta

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Streptophyta
Streptophyta-x4.jpg
Scientific classification e
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): Diaphoretickes
(unranked): Archaeplastida
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Streptophyta
Jeffrey 1967,[1] sensu Leliaert et al. 2012
Subdivisions
Synonyms
  • Anthocerophyta Sluiman 1985[2]
  • Charophyta Migula 1897 sensu Lewis & McCourt 2004; Karol et al. 2009
  • Streptobionta Kenrick & Crane 1997

Streptophyta (/strɛpˈtɒfɪtə, ˈstrɛptftə/), are a clade of plants. Streptophyta is most land plants and all green algae, except for the Chlorophyta, Mesostigmatophyceae, Chlorokybophyceae and Spirotaenia.[3]

Definition[change | change source]

The classification of Streptophyta is different from source to source.[4] Some include more organism groups, and others include less organism groups.

Streptophyta organisms are both unicellular and multicellular. Every living green plant is a streptophyta. The Streptophyta phylum includes green algae in freshwater and all land plants. Streptophyta reproduces sexually through conjugation.[5][6][7]

Phylogeny[change | change source]

Below is all of the relations of Streptophyta.[8][9][10]

Streptophyta/
Mesostigmatophyceae

Mesostigma viride




Spirotaenia



Chlorokybophyceae






Klebsormidiophyceae


Phragmoplastophyta

Charophyceae (Stoneworts & musk grasses)




Coleochaetophyceae




Zygnematophyceae (desmids, water silk etc.)


Embryophytes
Bryophytes

Anthocerotophyta (hornworts)


Setaphyta

Marchantiophyta (Liverworts)



Bryophyta (Mosses)




Polysporangiomorpha

Horneophytopsida



Tracheophyta










References[change | change source]

  1. Jeffrey C (1967). "The origin and differentiation of the Archegoniate land plants: A second contribution". Kew Bull. 21 (2): 335–349. doi:10.2307/4108533. JSTOR 4108533.
  2. Sluiman H. J. (1985). "A cladistic evaluation of the lower and higher green plants (Viridiplantae)". Plant Syst. Evol. 149 (3–4): 217–232. doi:10.1007/bf00983308. S2CID 19456207.
  3. Sánchez-Baracaldo, Patricia; Raven, John A.; Pisani, Davide; Knoll, Andrew H. (2017-09-12). "Early photosynthetic eukaryotes inhabited low-salinity habitats" (PDF). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 114 (37): E7737–E7745. doi:10.1073/pnas.1620089114. PMC 5603991. PMID 28808007.
  4. http://www.protisten.de/german/docs/Phylogeny_in_Streptophyta.pdf
  5. {Kapraun, D. F. (2007). Nuclear DNA content estimates in green algal lineages: Chlorophyta and Streptophyta. Annals of botany, 99(4), 677-701. Liang, Z., Geng, Y., Ji, C., Du, H., Wong, C. E., Zhang, Q., ... & Yu, H. (2020). Mesostigma viride genome and transcriptome provide insights into the origin and evolution of Streptophyta. Advanced Science, 7(1), 1901850. Nedelcu, A. M., Borza, T., & Lee, R. W. (2006). A land plant–specific multigene family in the unicellular Mesostigma argues for its close relationship to Streptophyta. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 23(5), 1011-1015. Oliveira, I. B. D., Bicudo, C. E. D. M., & Moura, C. W. D. N. (2013). First records of Zygnematales (Zygnematophyceae, Streptophyta) for the state of Bahia, Brazil. Acta Botanica Brasilica, 27(4), 743-750.}
  6. Lemieux, Claude; Otis, Christian; Turmel, Monique (2016). "Comparative Chloroplast Genome Analyses of Streptophyte Green Algae Uncover Major Structural Alterations in the Klebsormidiophyceae, Coleochaetophyceae and Zygnematophyceae". Frontiers in Plant Science. 7: 697. doi:10.3389/fpls.2016.00697. ISSN 1664-462X. PMC 4877394. PMID 27252715.
  7. Adl, Sina M.; Bass, David; Lane, Christopher E.; Lukeš, Julius; Schoch, Conrad L.; Smirnov, Alexey; Agatha, Sabine; Berney, Cedric; Brown, Matthew W. (2019). "Revisions to the Classification, Nomenclature, and Diversity of Eukaryotes". Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. 66 (1): 4–119. doi:10.1111/jeu.12691. ISSN 1550-7408. PMC 6492006. PMID 30257078.
  8. Linzhou Li; Sibo Wang; Hongli Wang; Sunil Kumar Sahu; Birger Marin; Haoyuan Li; Yan Xu; Hongping Liang; Zhen Li; Shifeng Chen; Tanja Reder; Zehra Çebi; Sebastian Wittek; Morten Petersen; Barbara Melkonian; Hongli Du; Huanming Yang; Jian Wang; Gane Ka-Shu Wong; Xun Xu; Xin Liu; Yves Van de Peer; Michael Melkonian; Huan Liu (22 June 2020). "The genome of Prasinoderma coloniale unveils the existence of a third phylum within green plants". Nature Ecology & Evolution. 4 (9): 1220–1231. doi:10.1038/s41559-020-1221-7. PMC 7455551. PMID 32572216.
  9. Puttick, Mark N.; Morris, Jennifer L.; Williams, Tom A.; Cox, Cymon J.; Edwards, Dianne; Kenrick, Paul; Pressel, Silvia; Wellman, Charles H.; Schneider, Harald (2018). "The Interrelationships of Land Plants and the Nature of the Ancestral Embryophyte". Current Biology. 28 (5): 733–745.e2. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2018.01.063. PMID 29456145.
  10. Sánchez-Baracaldo, Patricia; Raven, John A.; Pisani, Davide; Knoll, Andrew H. (2017-09-12). "Early photosynthetic eukaryotes inhabited low-salinity habitats" (PDF). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 114 (37): E7737–E7745. doi:10.1073/pnas.1620089114. PMC 5603991. PMID 28808007.
  • Bremer, K. (1985) Summary of green plant phylogeny and classification. Cladistics 1:369-385.
  • Lewis L.A.; McCourt R.M. (October 2004). "Green algae and the origin of land plants". American Journal of Botany. 91 (10): 1535–1556. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.10.1535. PMID 21652308. Archived from the original on 2011-02-21. Retrieved 2022-02-17.
  • Adl, S.M.; Simpson, A.G.B.; Lane, C.E.; Lukeš, J.; Bass, D.; Bowser, S.S.; Brown, M.W.; Burki, F.; Dunthorn, M.; Hampl, V.; Heiss, A.; Hoppenrath, M.; Lara, E.; le Gall, L.; Lynn, D.H.; McManus, H.; Mitchell, E.A.D.; Mozley-Stanridge, S.E.; Parfrey, L.W.; Pawlowski, J.; Rueckert, S.; Shadwick, L.; Schoch, C.L.; Smirnov, A.; Spiegel, F.W. (September 2012), "The Revised Classification of Eukaryotes", Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 59 (5): 429–514, doi:10.1111/j.1550-7408.2012.00644.x, PMC 3483872, PMID 23020233

Other websites[change | change source]