Subversion

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Subversion is a systematic attempt to overthrow or undermine a government or political system by persons working from within[1]. Subversion works against structures of power, authority, exploitation, servitude, and hierarchy. A subversive is something or someone that has some possibility of turning against an organization or system.

Laws[change | change source]

Subversive activity[change | change source]

Subversive activity is helping or supporting individuals, groups, or organizations that attempt to overthought or control authority by manipulating, undermining and/or exploiting the governing system. Subversive activity may be similar to treason, sedition, sabotage, or espionage.

China[change | change source]

Subversion is a crime in China. The government of the People's Republic of China prosecutes subversives under Articles 102 through 112 of the state criminal law.[2] These laws describe behavior that can be a threat to national security. China has prosecuted many dissidents using these laws. Articles 105 and 111 are used the most often to silence political dissent.[2] Article 105 makes it a crime to organize, make a secret plan, work against the national order, or tell rumors to make people fight the national order or overthrow the socialist system.[3] Article 111 prohibits stealing, secretly collecting, purchasing, or illegally providing state secrets or intelligence to an organization, institution, or personnel outside the country.[4]

United Kingdom[change | change source]

There is no crime defined as "subversion" in British Constitutional law. There is a crime of treason. Legal experts have tried define subversion, but political and legal thinkers could not reach a general agreement.[5][6]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Definition of SUBVERSION" (in en). www.merriam-webster.com. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/subversion. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Silencing Critics by Exploiting National Security and State Secrets Laws. Congressional-Executive Commission on China.
  3. Coliver, Sandra (1999). Secrecy and liberty: national security, freedom of expression and access to information. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. pp. 243. ISBN 978-9041111913.
  4. Coliver, 1999, p. 245.
  5. Spjut, R. J. (1979). Defining Subversion. British Journal of Law and Society, 6(2), 254-261
  6. Gill, Peter (1994). Policing politics: security intelligence and the liberal democratic state. Routledge. p. 119. ISBN 978-0714634906

Other websites[change | change source]