|Supreme Federal Court|
|Supremo Tribunal Federal|
|Composition method||Presidential nomination with Senate confirmation|
|Authorized by||Constitution of Brazil|
|Judge term length||Until aged 75|
|Number of positions||11|
|Since||September 10, 2020|
The Supreme Federal Court (Portuguese: Supremo Tribunal Federal, [suˈpɾẽmu tɾibuˈnaw fedeˈɾaw], abbreviated STF) is the supreme court (court of last resort) of Brazil, serving primarily as the Constitutional Court of the country.
It is the highest court of law in Brazil.
On 8 January 2023, supporters of former President Jair Bolsonaro stormed and invaded the Praça dos Três Poderes in Brasília, taking over the offices of the Supreme Federal Court, National Congress of Brazil and the Palácio do Planalto. The event was seen as an attempted coup d'état to overturn the election results of the 2022 general election.
Current Justices[change | change source]
|Minister[M]||Born (date and state)||Appointed by||Age in inauguration||Initial date
|Main previous functions|
|1||30 December 1955 in||Fernando Henrique Cardoso||46||20 June 2002||2030||Prosecutor of the Republic (1985–1988), deputy chief for Legal Issues of the Chief of Staff (1996–2000), Attorney General of the Union (2000–2002)|
|2||11 May 1948 in||Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva||57||16 May 2006||2023||Lawyer (1974–1990), judge from Criminal Arres Court of São Paulo (1990–1997), desembargador of Justice Court of the State of São Paulo (1997–2006), professor of State law in Law School, University of São Paulo (USP) (2003–2006)|
|3||19 April 1954 in||Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva||52||21 June 2006||2029||Attorney of the State of Minas Gerais (1983–2006)|
|4||15 November 1967 in||Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva||41||23 October 2009||2042||Lawyer (1991–2009), deputy chief for Legal Issues of the Chief of Staff (2003–2005), Attorney General of the Union (2007–2009)|
|5||26 April 1953 in||Dilma Rousseff||57||3 March 2011||2028||Prosecutor of Public Prosecutor's Office of Rio de Janeiro (1979–1982), judge of the state of Rio de Janeiro (1983–1997), desembargador of the Justice Court of the state of Rio de Janeiro (1997–2001), minister of STJ (2001–2011)|
|6||2 October 1948 in||Dilma Rousseff||63||19 December 2011||2023||Labor judge (1976–1991), judge of Regional Labor Court (TRT) - 4th Region (1991–2006), minister of TST (2006–2011)|
|7||11 March 1958 in||Dilma Rousseff||55||26 June 2013||2033||Lawyer (1981–2013), Attorney of the State of Rio de Janeiro (1985–2013)|
|8||8 February 1958 in||Dilma Rousseff||57||16 June 2015||2033||Lawyer (1980–2015), Attorney of the State of Paraná (1990–2006)|
|9||13 December 1968 in||Michel Temer||48||22 March 2017||2043||Prosecutor of the Public Prosecutor's Office of the state of São Paulo (1991–2002), lawyer of public law (2010–2014), Minister of Justice and Public Security (2016–2017)|
|10||Kassio Nunes Marques||16 May 1972 in Piauí||Jair Bolsonaro||48||5 November 2020||2047||Lawyer (1996-2011), judge of Regional Electoral Court of Piauí (TRE-PI) (2008-2011), judge of Regional Federal Court (TRF) - 1st Region (2011-2020)|
|11||André Luiz de Almeida Mendonça||27 December 1972 in São Paulo||Jair Bolsonaro||48||16 November 2021||2047||Lawyer (1997-2000), Union Attorney (2000-2019), Attorney General of the Union (2019-2020), Minister of Justice and Public Security (2020-2021), Attorney General of the Union (2021)|
References[change | change source]
- Nicas, Jack; Spigariol, André (8 January 2023). "Bolsonaro Supporters Lay Siege to Brazil's Capital". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 January 2023.
- Bowman, Emma (8 January 2023). "Security forces regain control after Bolsonaro supporters storm Brazil's Congress". NPR. Retrieved 9 January 2023.
- "Composição Atual" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Supremo Tribunal Federal. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
- "Pastas dos ministros" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF). Retrieved 21 March 2017.