Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
6th President of Indonesia
In office
20 October 2004 – 20 October 2014
Vice President
Preceded byMegawati Soekarnoputri
Succeeded byJoko Widodo
Leader of the Democratic Party
In office
30 March 2013 – 15 March 2020
Preceded byAnas Urbaningrum
Succeeded byAgus Harimurti Yudhoyono
8th and 10th Coordinating Minister of Politics, Social, and Security of Indonesia
In office
10 August 2001 – 11 March 2004
PresidentMegawati Soekarnoputri
Preceded byAgum Gumelar
Succeeded byHari Sabarno
In office
26 August 2000 – 1 June 2001
PresidentAbdurrahman Wahid
Preceded bySoejardi Soedirja
Succeeded byAgum Gumelar
Minister of Mining and Energy
In office
29 October 1999 – 26 August 2000
PresidentAbdurrahman Wahid
Preceded byKuntoro Mangkusubroto
Succeeded byPurnomo Yusgiantoro
Personal details
Born (1949-09-09) September 9, 1949 (age 74)
Pacitan, East Java, Indonesia
Political partyDemocratic Party
Height177 cm (5 ft 10 in)
Ani Yudhoyono
(m. 1976; died 2019)
ChildrenAgus Harimurti Yudhoyono
Edhie Baskoro Yudhoyono
MotherSiti Habibah
Alma mater
AwardsAdhi Makayasa (1973)
Military service
Allegiance Indonesia
Branch/service Indonesian Army
Years of service1973 - 2000
Rank TNI General

General Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (born 9 September 1949), is an Indonesian retired military general and politician. He was the sixth President of Indonesia from 2004 to 2014. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is the first president to be elected directly by voters. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono won the presidency on 20 September 2004. He defeated President Megawati Soekarnoputri.

Life[change | change source]

Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was born on 9 September 1949, in Tremas, a village in Arjosari, Pacitan Regency, East Java, to a lower-middle-class family. His father was a Javanese man named Raden Soekotjo (1925 – 4 August 2001), whose lineage can be traced to Hamengkubuwono II,[1] while his mother was a Javanese woman named Siti Habibah (30 June 1932 – 30 August 2019).[2]

General Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in official military portrait, 2000.

He service in military 1973 to 2000,[3] Yudhoyono ended his military career with the rank of lieutenant general, although he would be made honorary general in 2000.[4]

Political[change | change source]

Yudhoyono was appointed mining and energy minister in the cabinet of President Abdurrahman Wahid in 1999.[5] According to General Wiranto, who assisted Wahid in the formation of the Cabinet, he had recommended to the president that Yudhoyono would do better as Army chief of staff. In August 2000, after a Cabinet reshuffle, Yudhoyono became the coordinating minister for politic and security affairs. One of his tasks was to separate the army from politics. This was in line with his reformist ideas on the future of Indonesian military, and is a view he has held since his days in an army policy center.

Yudhoyono's supporters saw Yudhoyono's participation in the vice-presidential election as a sign of his popularity and recognised Yudhoyono's potential as a possible leader for Indonesia. One of these supporters, Vence Rumangkang approached Yudhoyono with the idea of forming a political party to help shore up support for the 2004 presidential elections. Yudhoyono approved of the idea and after going through the basic concepts, left Rumangkang in charge of forming the Party.

From 12 to 19 August 2001, Rumangkang began holding a series of meetings to discuss the formation of the party while holding consultations with Yudhoyono. Yudhoyono personally led the meetings on 19 and 20 August 2001, and the basic outline of the Democratic Party was finalised.

On 9 September 2001, the formation of the party was officially declared and on 10 September it was registered at the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights.

The organizers behind Democratic Party's formation went to extreme lengths to make sure that PD was Yudhoyono's personal political party. The declaration of its formation was 9 September 2001, which was Yudhoyono's birthday and to start off with, the Party had 99 members.

In 2004 presidential election, with 69,266,350 popular vote he replace Megawati Sukarnoputri. He re-elected in 2009 presidential election.

References[change | change source]

  1. Maeswara, Garda (2009). Biografi politik Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (in Indonesian). Penerbit Narasi. ISBN 978-979-16817-5-9.
  2. Radja, Aditia Maruli, ed. (9 September 2008). "Presiden Yudhoyono Hari Ini Berusia 59 Tahun" (in Indonesian). ANTARA. Archived from the original on 2 April 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
  3. Azizah, Kurnia (2021-04-05). "Lulusan Terbaik Akmil, Ini Potret SBY Disematkan Adhi Makayasa oleh Presiden Soeharto Halaman 3". Archived from the original on 10 November 2022. Retrieved 2023-03-23.
  4. "Profil - SBY - Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono". Archived from the original on 23 March 2023. Retrieved 2023-03-23.
  5. Wiranto (2003). Bersaksi Di Tengah Badai: Dari Catatan Wiranto, Jenderal Purnawirawan. Jakarta: Ide Indonesia. pp. 229–232. ISBN 979-96845-1-X.

Other websites[change | change source]

Political offices
Preceded by
Megawati Soekarnoputri
President of Indonesia
2004 - 2014
Succeeded by
Joko Widodo
Party political offices
Preceded by
Democratic nominee for President of Indonesia
2004 (won)
2009 (won)
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Nguyễn Minh Triết
Chairperson of ASEAN
Succeeded by
Hun Sen
Preceded by
Vladimir Putin
Chairperson of APEC
Succeeded by
Xi Jinping