Sylvirana guentheri

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sylvirana guentheri
Hylarana guentheri 1.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Sylvirana
Species:
S. guentheri
Binomial name
Sylvirana guentheri
(Boulenger, 1882)
Synonyms[1]
  • Rana guentheri (Boulenger, 1882)
  • Rana elegans (Boulenger, 1882)
  • Limnodytes elegans (Rochebrune, 1884)
  • Rana (Hylorana) guentheri (Boulenger, 1920)
  • Hylorana güntheri (Deckert, 1938)
  • Hylarana guentheri (Bourret, 1939)
  • Rana (Hylarana) guentheri (Dubois, 1987)
  • Hylarana (Hylarana) guentheri (Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990)
  • Rana (Sylvirana) guentheri (Dubois, 1992)
  • Hylarana guentheri (Chen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005)
  • Rana güntheri (Yang, 2008)
  • Hylarana (Sylvirana) guentheri (Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009)
  • Boulengerana guentheri (Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010)
  • Sylvirana guentheri (Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015)

Gunther's Amoy frog, Guenther's Amoy frog, Günther's frog, Guenther's frog, Günther's red-and-black frog or Gunther's brown frog (Sylvirana guentheri) is a frog from Vietnam, China and Taiwan. People have brought this frog to Guam.[1] It can live as high as 1100 meters above sea level.[2]

Appearance[change | change source]

The adult male frog is 6.3 to 6.8 cm long and the adult female frog is 7.5 to 7.6 cm long. The hind legs are about one and a half times as long as the body. It has vomerine teeth and a large tongue. It has a fold of skin on each side of its body, running from the eye down to the hip. This frog has a brown or yellow-brown back and a white belly.[2]

Life cyle[change | change source]

The female frog lays eggs in rice fields and streams where the water does not move quickly. The tadpoles are silver-white in color. They have stripes running from their noses to their eyes and a dark spot behind each eye.[2]

Chemicals[change | change source]

This frog makes chemicals on its skin. It makes (Val1)-bradykinin to stop larger animals from eating it. It also has antibiotics on its skin: guentherin, brevinin-2GHa, brevinin-2GHb, brevinin-2GHc, and temporin-GH.[2]

Danger to humans[change | change source]

The parasite Angiostrongylus cantonensis, or rat lungworm, can live in this frog. This parasite gives humans the disease angiostrongyliasis[2] and makes the membranes around the brain swell, which is very dangerous.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Sylvirana guentheri (Boulenger, 1882)". Amphibian Species of the World 6.0, an Online Reference. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Anna Chow; Michael Li (September 23, 2008). "Sylvirana guentheri". Amphibiaweb. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  3. "Parasites - Angiostrongyliasis (also known as Angiostrongylus Infection)". Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved January 26, 2021.