Taejo of Joseon

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Taejo of Joseon
朝鮮太祖
조선 태조
King Taejo Yi 02.jpg
Portrait of King Taejo
Grand King Emeritus of Joseon
Tenure22 October 1398 – 27 June 1408
King of Joseon
Reign13 August 1392 – 22 October 1398
CoronationSuchang Palace, Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
PredecessorDynasty established
Gongyang as King of Goryeo
SuccessorJeongjong of Joseon
BornYi Seong-gye (이성계, 李成桂)
4 November 1335
Ssangseong Prefectures, Yuan Empire
(present-day Kŭmya County, South Hamgyŏng Province, North Korea)
Died27 June 1408(1408-06-27) (aged 72)
Byeoljeon Hall, Gwangyeonru Pavilion, Changdeok Palace, Hanseong, Kingdom of Joseon
Spouse
Queen Sinui
(m. 1351; died 1391)

Queen Sindeok
(died 1396)
IssueJeongjong of Joseon
Taejong of Joseon
Posthumous name
  • Joseon Dynasty: King Gangheon Seongmun Sinmu Jeongui Gwangdeok the Great[1]
    • 강헌성문신무정의광덕대왕
    • 康獻聖文神武正義光德大王
  • Korean Empire: Emperor Seongmun Sinmu Jeongui Gwangdeok Go
    • 성문신무정의광덕고황제
    • 聖文神武正義光德高皇帝
  • Ming Dynasty: Gangheon (강헌, 康獻)
Temple name
Taejo (태조, 太祖)
ClanJeonju Yi clan
DynastyHouse of Yi
FatherYi Ja-chun
MotherLady Choe of the Yeongheung Choe clan
Korean name
Hangul
태조
Hanja
太祖
Revised RomanizationTaejo
McCune–ReischauerT'aejo
Birth name
Hangul
이성계, later 이단
Hanja
李成桂 later 李旦
Revised RomanizationI Seonggye, later I Dan
McCune–ReischauerYi Sŏnggye, later Yi Tan
Courtesy name
Hangul
중결 / 군진
Hanja
仲潔 / 君晋
Revised RomanizationJunggyeol / Gunjin
McCune–ReischauerChunggyŏl / Kunjin

Taejo of Joseon (4 November 1335 – 27 June 1408) was the first king of the Joseon dynasty. His given name was Yi Seong-gye (Hangul: 이성계; Hanja: 李成桂). He changed his name to Yi Dan (Hangul: 이단; Hanja: 李旦) after he became king. He ruled Korea from 1392 to 1398. He was a general of the Goryeo dynasty before he became king.

References[change | change source]

  1. Taejong Sillok vol.16, 7 August 1408, entry 3.