Taipei Metro

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Taipei Metro

OwnerTaipei City Government
LocaleTaipei and New Taipei,  Taiwan
Transit typeRapid transit
Rubber-tyred metro (Wenhu line)
Number of lines5[1]
Number of stations117
Chief executiveBC Yen
Headquarters7 Lane 48 Sec 2 Zhongshan N Rd, Zhongshan District, Taipei
Began operation28 March 1996
Operator(s)Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation
Number of vehicles849 cars (217.5 trains)
Train length3–6 carriages
Headway5 min 28 s
System length152.9 km (95.0 mi)[1]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Minimum radius of curvature200 metres (656 ft)
Electrification750 V DC third rail
Average speed31.50 kilometres per hour (20 mph)
Top speed80 kilometres per hour (50 mph)
Official map (2023)

Taipei Metro is a metro system in Taipei and New Taipei, Taiwan. It consists of 131 stations (119 stations if transfer stations are counted once,) with 6 main routes and 2 branch lines, operating on 152.9 kilometres (95 mi) of revenue track. The Taipei Metro was the first metro system in Taiwan. The Taoyuan Metro's Airport Express link opened in March 2017 mainly to connect the Taipei Taoyuan Airport and the main station.[2]

The system operates according to a spoke-hub distribution paradigm, with most rail lines running radially outward from central Taipei. The MRT system operates from 6 am to midnight daily[3] (the last trains finish their runs by 1 am), with extended services during special events (such as New Year festivities).[4] Trains operate at intervals of 1.5 to 15 minutes depending on the line and time of day.[3][5] Smoking is forbidden in the entire metro system, while eating or drinking is prohibited in the area.[6]

Stations become extremely crowded during rush hours, especially at transfer stations such as Taipei Main Station, Zhongxiao Fuxing, and Minquan West Road. Automated station announcements are recorded in Mandarin Chinese, English, Taiwanese, and Hakka.[7]

Lines[change | change source]

  • Tamsui-Xinyi Line (also called Red line) connects Tamsui to Xiangshan. It travels through Beitou, Shilin, Zhongshan, Taipei Main Station, Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, Daan Park and Xinyi Anhe. Xinbeitou is accessible via a transfer at Beitou.
  • Songshan-Xindian Line (also called Green line) connects Songshan to Xindian. It travels thorugh Nanjing Sanmin, Nanjing Fuxing, Songjiang Nanjing, Zhongshan, Beimen, Ximen and Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall.
  • Bannan Line (also called Blue line) connects Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center to Dingpu. It travels through Ximen and Taipei Main Station.
  • Zhonghe-Xinlu Line (also called Orange line) starts at Nanshijiao and splits into two branches. One travels to Huilong and the other to Luzhou. The line travels through Songjiang Nanjing, Dongmen and Guting.
  • Wenhu Line (also called Brown line) connects Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center to Taipei Zoo. It travels through Technology Building, Zhongxiao Fuxing and Nanjing Fuxing.
  • The new Circular Line (also called Yellow Line) connects New Taipei Industrial Park to Dapinglin. It travels through Xiulang Bridge, Zhonghe and Banqiao.

History[change | change source]

On the November 24, 2013, the section from Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall metro station to Xiangshan metro station opened and began revenue service.[8]

On the November 15, 2014, with the opening of Songshan Line, trains run between Songshan and Xindian stations, forming Songshan-Xindian Line. Tamsui-Xindian services ended.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Network and Systems". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. 2020-01-19. Archived from the original on 2016-05-17. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  2. "Taipei Subway Ranks as one of the Best". Wired. October 15, 2007. Archived from the original on 2010-09-15. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Metro Service: Danshui-Xindian Line". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. October 16, 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-08-15. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
  4. Mo Yan-chih (December 29, 2010). "New Year's Eve revelers urged to use mass transit". Taipei Times. Archived from the original on 2012-10-08. Retrieved 2010-12-31.
  5. "One train per 90 seconds on Neihu Line during peak hour: mayor". Taiwan News Online. July 5, 2009. Archived from the original on 2011-06-04. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
  6. "Regulations for Use of the Taipei Metro System". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. October 14, 2009. Archived from the original on 2011-11-17. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
  7. "Taipei MRT moves English announcements to 2nd place". The China Post. 2015-12-06. Archived from the original on 2016-03-06. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
  8. "Mayor: Xinyi Line to Provide Services November 24". Department of Information Technology, Taipei City Government. 2013-11-19. Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2013-11-24.

Other websites[change | change source]