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Electrostatics is about the nonmoving properties of a part of the Atom that is called an "electrostatic charge" and is contained in two of the parts of the atom, namely the proton and the electron. The charge in the Proton is called a positive charge and is contained in the small interior volume of the atom called the nucleus. It is therefore hard to separate from the nucleus and thus the nucleus itself is usually considered to have a nuclear electric charge , which is the sume of the charge of the number of contained protons. The charge in the less massive (1/1836 mass) electron is considered to be contained within an electron, which is much less tightly bound to the nucleus, and thus can be isolated and accumulated into stationary charge locations for static charge determination purposes. Or they can be caused by elecrodynamic forces to move through wires and conductive materials and cause a measurable electric current. The electrostatic charge properties of insulators or nonconductors is such that, whereas the electrons will not move around within the material, they can nevertheless be removed from the surface of the material by a frictional process such as rubbing with an insulating and opposite charge tendency material, which then accumulates a number of the electrons which can be moved to another location. A device for measuring the existence and magnitude of an electrostatic charge is called an Electroscope, which has 2 thin metallic leaves that bend away from each other in proportion to the amount of the electrostatic charge. WFPMWFPM (talk) 02:55, 9 November 2008 (UTC)