- 1 Article based on German and English Wikipedia
- 2 What is the need for this article?
- 3 Nair Page update
- 4 Nāir sub-castes
- 5 Worship in Nāir community
- 6 Nāgas
- 7 Vāsukī Nāga
- 8 Nāirs and Nāgas (From nairs.in)
- 9 Nāirs and Rājput relatives of Princess Abhirāmi
- 10 Wealth in Nāir Families
- 11 Land Reform
- 12 Diet
- 13 Nair Tharavadu
- 14 Ammaveedu
Article based on German and English Wikipedia[change source]
This article or parts of it were created based, in whole or in part, on this version of the German Wikipedia article and this version of the English Wikipedia article. The complete history of the article can be found there. --Tenmei (talk) 14:52, 15 November 2011 (UTC)
What is the need for this article?[change source]
This article is nothing more than an old version of English Wikipedia article. This article is in no way "Simpler" than that in English wiki article.
Nair Page update[change source]
Please discuss in this page if any dispute in the Nair article. The content in this page are so far simple and not a copy paste from any page. Please discuss if vandalism in the page.
- The picture is not correct. I request you to remove it. I'll give all the information about Nair community which I get.
Ittassery/Idachery/Itachery They are also called Pantaris in South Travancore. They are herdsmen, vendors of milk, butter and curd. The name suggests a relation of some kind to the Idaiyan caste of Tamil Nadu. From: www.archive.org. Ashwati Nair (talk) 03:12, 22 August 2017 (UTC)
Anthru "The Anthrus are Landless people even though the land is the main natural resource. They manufacture earthen pots and tiles. The number of those engaged in cultivation, business and government service as daily wage casual laborers, agricultural and industrial laborers are increasing. links with market exist directly as well as through middle men. Transactions take place in cash. Child labor also exists. Anthrus do modeling, engraving and pottery work. The community has oral traditions like folk tales. Folk songs are sung by the members of the community, especially on the occasions of birth and marriage.
The Anthrus follow Hinduism. Family and village deities and deities of a wider pantheon are propitiated. Sacred specialists are from other communities like Marar, who perform birth, marriage and death rites. Their main festivals are Onam and Vishu, which has both social and religious significance.
Anthrus accept food from Brahman, Nair, the temple servant, and Telugu speaking potters. They traditionally do not take food from Ezhava and traditional Untouchables. They share well and water sources but not the burial ground. The Anthrus usually bury their dead in their own compound. When Theyyam dance is performed on Makara Sankranti day, the lamp is received by them. Symbiotic relationships exist between Anthrus and other communities." Book: Global Encyclopedia of the South India Dalit's Ethnography Volume 1. Edited by(Author): Nagendra Kr.Singh. Ashwati Nair (talk) 13:14, 10 August 2017 (UTC)
Shri.Thunchath Ezhuthachan "Ezhuthachan was born at Thrikandiyoor near Tirur in Northern Kerala and belonged to Shudra (Chakkaala) community. Biographical details are not available and whatever is available, including those regarding his name, birth, and parentage is shrouded in legend and mystery. Though oil-milling was the profession of his community, he never resorted to doing that, but took up learning philosophy and literature. Later, after a stint of wandering over parts of South India, he followed in the footsteps of his brother and his preceptor, Rama who was a teacher by profession and established Gurukulas for imparting residential education to the young, first at Tirur and then at Chittur." Book: Medieval Indian Literature: Surveys and selections. Edited by(Author): Ayyappappanikkar. Ashwati Nair (talk) 13:14, 10 August 2017 (UTC)
Chakkaala "The Chakkala are also known as Chakkan and Vattakadan. Sometimes they are called Chokkala, due to their working with Chakke(oil presser). They are also referred to as Vaniya, or Chettiar as their profession is the same." Book: People of India, Volume 27, Part 1. Author: Kumar Suresh Singh. Ashwati Nair (talk) 13:20, 10 August 2017 (UTC)
Vilakkithala I think Vilakkithalas actually belong to Nai caste. And in ancient times people in Kerala might not have known much about Nai caste and Vilakkithalas might have mistaken as Nairs. Because names of both communities are very similar to each other. The Sanskrit word for the barber is Naapita. Ashwati Nair (talk) 00:28, 11 August 2017 (UTC)
"The Vilakkithala profess Hinduism. Their family deity is Karimkutty, village deity is Ayyappan and regional deity is Guruvayurappan." Global Encyclopaedia of the South Indian Dalit's Ethnography, Volume 1. Edited by(Author): Nagendra Kr Singh. Ashwati Nair (talk) 08:10, 14 August 2017 (UTC)
"Pre-delivery rituals are observed by Veluthedathu during seven months of pregnancy at her husband's house. The Panan community perform Puja with drum beating and tie talisman to the pregnant woman to ensure safe delivery and to ward-off evil spirits. The Veluthadathu profess Hinduism. Regional deities are at Sabarimala, Palani and Guruvayur. Demon worship is also observed." Book: Global Encyclopaedia of the South Indian Dalit's Ethnography, Volume 1. Edited by(Author): Nagendra Kr Singh. Ashwati Nair (talk) 08:10, 14 August 2017 (UTC)
Chaaliyan "Saliyar or Saliya or Chaliyan or Sali or Sale is an Indian caste. Their traditional occupation was that of weaving and they are found mostly in the regions of northern Kerala, southern coastal Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, India." (Wikipedia)
"Weavers of Karnataka are called Nayige or Niyate. The Chaliyans of Kerala have their counterparts in Tamil Nadu both might have borrowed their name from the Salis of Maharashtra." Book: A Social History of India. Author: S. N. Sadasivan. Ashwati Nair (talk) 04:08, 11 August 2017 (UTC)
Chempukotti and Ottathu Chempukotti(Coppersmith) and Ottathu(Bronzesmith) actually belong to Vishwakarma community.
The sub-castes of Vishwakarma community are as follows, Marayaashaari(carpenters), Kallaashaari/Shilpi(Masons and Sculptors), Mooshaari(Bronzesmith), Thattaan(Goldsmith), Kollan/Karuvaan(Blacksmith).(From: http://www.jithumpa.com/random/10-famous-vishwakarma-caste-celebrities-in-mollywood/) Ashwati Nair (talk) 15:15, 14 August 2017 (UTC)
Padamangalam/Tamil Padam "The South Travancore Dasis neither interdine nor intermarry with dancing girls of Tamil speaking districts. They adopt girls only from a particular division of Nayars. The Tamil Padam and dance only in Temples. Unlike their sisters outside Travancore, they do not accept private arrangements in houses on the occasion of marriage. The males, in few houses, marry the Tamil Padam ad Padamangalam Nayars, while some Padamangalam Nayars and some Nanchinattu Vellalas in the turn take their women as wives." Book: Poison Damsel. Author: Penzer. Ashwati Nair (talk) 14:15, 14 August 2017 (UTC)
"The occupation of the Padamangalakkar is temple service such as sweeping, cleaning, carrying lamps during processions, etc." From: Census of India, 1901: India. 3 pts. (talk) 15:16, 17 August 2017 (UTC)
Pallichan Palanquin bearers.
Some communities who migrated to Kerala declared themselves as Nairs because they want to distinguish themselves from Ezhavas. Undoubtedly, these communities have separate customs, rituals, and origins, which makes them unique. But they have no similarities with Nair community.
Nāir sub-castes[change source]
Samantan, Kiriyathil,Illathu and Swaroopathil are the sub-castes in Nair community from ancient times. Kiriyathil, Illathu and Swaroopathil are identified as Nagavanshis. These sub-castes belong to Kshatriya Varna. But they are not Royal Kshatriyas. That is, they don't have the right to become King and Queen. Men of these sub-castes served as Ministers (Diwan), Governors (Naduvaazhi), Rulers (Deshavaazhi), Chieftain (Moopil Nair), Landlords (Jenmimaar), Warriors (Bhatanmaar), Soldiers (Nair Pattaalam), Accountants (Kanakku Pillai), Managers (Kaaryasthan), Sookshippukkaar(Custodians of treasury and valuables) for the Kings of Cochin, Malabar and Travancore. Whereas, women did housekeeping and were very good cooks. They were not allowed to work or get the education. They mostly stayed indoors and they were married off at a very young age. Decisions inside families were taken by men and oldest woman of the family. Kshatriya Nair families were very rich and wealthy. Ashwati Nair (talk) 08:19, 11 August 2017 (UTC)
Nairs and ancient supernatural tribes of South Asia "According to Brahmin tradition, the Nair community is the offsprings of the union between the Nambudiris and Deva, Gandharva and Dakshasa women who were introduced by Purasuram." Book: Maharashtra, Part 3. Edited by(Author): B. V. Bhanu. Ashwati Nair (talk) 08:20, 11 August 2017 (UTC)
"The Naga Kingdom In the Mahabharata the Naga Kingdom is the territory of a hardy and warlike tribe called Nagas. They were also considered as one of the supernatural races like the Kinnaras." (Wikipedia)
"The Nairs of the village belong to the highest subdivisions known as Kiriyathil Nairs and Illathu Nairs. The former was also known as Vellaima Nairs to whom belonged to aristocratic classes such as Panicker, Kurup, Kaimal, Kartha" (From Census of India, 1961 - Page 301) Ashwati Nair (talk) 04:36, 13 August 2017 (UTC)
"The Nair women are never engaged as laborers. They have no role in the collection of fuel. They have to fetch water for their family. They are solely responsible for the entire domestic chores, including cooking and serving food, rearing children etc." Book: Maharashtra, Part 3. Author: B. V. Bhanu. Ashwati Nair (talk) 16:41, 17 August 2017 (UTC)
"Relations between any Nayar woman and a man of lower Nayar sub-caste, or between any Nayar woman and a man of one of the lower, non-Nayar castes, were strictly prohibited. If a woman was found guilty of such a relationship her lineage's Enangar carried the matter to the neighborhood assembly. This temporarily excommunicated the woman's property-group until justice had been done." Book: An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. Edited by(Author): A. K. M. Aminul Islam. Ashwati Nair (talk) 07:25, 12 August 2017 (UTC)
"Should it happens that a Nair woman kept company with any but a Nair man, they would kill her soon enough: so, if Nair men were to go with other women, they would be punished with death." Book: The Voyage of François Pyrard of Laval, Volume 1. Author: Albert Grey and Harry Charles Purvis Bell. Ashwati Nair (talk) 12:21, 12 August 2017 (UTC)
Worship in Nāir community[change source]
Nair Tharavadu A Nair house is called Nair Tharavadu. Nagavanshi Nair Tharavadus have Sarpakkaavu in it’s curtilage and a Prayer room, which is called Machu(മച്ച്,मच्च), inside the house. Lamps were lit on Morning(Usha) and Evening(Sandhya) in the Prayer room and Sarpakkaavu everyday. On the day of Vishu, Sadya was first served to the Holy deities inside the Prayer room. In every Nagavanshi Nair Tharavadu a long lamp called Vilakku was lit two times everyday. In the morning, Vilakku was lit and shown to the rising Sun and in evening it was shown to the setting Sun." Ashwati Nair (talk) 08:18, 11 August 2017 (UTC)
Goddess Puja In ancient times, Puja for Hindu Goddess Bhuvaneshwari was performed in some Nagavanshi Nair Tharavadus. Food items like Ila Ada without salt, Sharkara Payasam, Paal Payasam was offered to Goddess in that Puja. Ashwati Nair (talk) 13:56, 10 August 2017 (UTC)
Sarpam Thullal Sarpam Thullal was one of the ancient rituals, which was held at least once a year, in Nagavanshi Nair Tharavadus. Video of Sarpam Thullal. Ashwati Nair (talk) 08:18, 11 August 2017 (UTC)
Sree Nagaraja Temples Some of the important Sree Nagaraja Temples are Sree Nagaraja Temple( Nagarkovil, Kanyakumari), Manaarasaala Sree Nagaraja Temple, Pambumekkattu Mana, Poojappura Sree Nagarukavu Kshetram, Ananthankadu Sree Nagaraja Temple. Thiruvananthapuram is believed to be one of the ancient Naga Kingdoms. The name Thiruvananthapuram means "The sacred abode of Lord Ananta Shesha". Ashwati Nair (talk) 08:18, 11 August 2017 (UTC)
Thiruvonam and Pathinaaraam Makam(Sixteenth day from Thiruvonam) On the day of Thiruvonam Nagavanshi Nair men perform Mahavishnu Pooja. And on Pathinaaraam Makam, the 16th day from Thiruvonam, Nagavanshi Nair men perform Mahadeva(Shiva) pooja. Ashwati Nair (talk) 06:26, 12 August 2017 (UTC)
"Navaratri in the Kalari Each day of the festival a puja is held in front of the Puttara in the Kalari. The last three days, special pujas are performed. Zarilli, who was in the CVN Kalari during Navaratri, describes these special Pujas. He says that Gurukkal Govindan Kutty Nair had an alter made in front of Puttara, with statues of Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswati. These Pujas are only performed if the Gurukkal is a Hindu." Book: Kalarippayat. Author: Dick Luijendijk. Ashwati Nair (talk) 11:14, 14 August 2017 (UTC)
"The post-Buddhist period thus lost much of surgery, but it gained in intro-chemistry(Rasa Shāstra), since medicine was forced into further research regarding other reliable healing agents. The medicinal use of Mercury, Gold, Diamond and other metals and minerals was thus explored and systematized, and many highly complex alchemical preparations were made. Nāgārjuna, the Mahāyāna Buddhist philosopher is supposed to have spent some of his early life in the land of Nagas, where he learned the secrets of spagyric art(Alchemy). He is also the author of and alchemical treatise knnown as Rasa Ratnākara. Book: Handbook of Ayurveda. Author: Bhagwan Dash, Acharya Manfred M. Jounious. Ashwati Nair (talk) 17:16, 16 August 2017 (UTC)
"Nagas are devotees(Bhaktas) of the God Shiva, organized into different Ahkaras or regiments on the model of an army. Until the beginning of the nineteenth century, the Nagas' primary occupation was as mercenary soldiers, although they also had substantial trading interests; both of these have largely disappeared in contemporary times. All of the Akharas have particular features that signify their organizational identity, and this particular banner-one with strong connections to a martial identity-is one such feature." Book: The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z. Author: James G. Lochtefeld. Ashwati Nair (talk) 17:28, 16 August 2017 (UTC)
"Nagas are well respected for their spiritual wisdom, prodigious powers, beauty, skill, and great courage, but sometimes feared for their violence and quick tempers." Book: Encyclopedia of Earth Myths: An Insider's A-Z Guide to Mythic People, Places. Author: Richard Leviton.
"There, it is said, they have beautiful Palaces decked in rich gems and precious metals. The streets are paved with mosaics of emaralds, rubies and sapphires and other colorful gems. The Nagas also keep books of great mystical knowledge. Nagini is the name of a female Naga. These serpent-women are very beautiful and wise. One Nagini deity still worshipped today in India is Naga Kanya, Goddess of three realms. She is the guardian of underwater treasures and spiritual attainments." Book: Magickal Mystical Creatures: Invite Their Powers Into Your Life. Author: D. J. Conway. Ashwati Nair (talk) 05:51, 19 August 2017 (UTC)
Vāsukī Nāga[change source]
"Vasuki was said to be a son of Maharishi Kashyapa. He was supposed to be the most powerful king of the region of Bhadarwah. In fact he established the empire of Naga cult in the whole area of lower Himalaya.
As according to legend Vasuki Naga had three queens named Gehri, Kapoori and Naivla. Gehri gave birth to Bhair, Kapoori to Kai and the third queen Naivla gave birth to Surgal. All the three were great warriors and men of wisdom." Book: Dogra Legends of Art & Culture. Author: Aśoka Jeratha. Ashwati Nair (talk) 17:02, 16 August 2017 (UTC)
Nāirs and Nāgas (From nairs.in)[change source]
"There are differences of opinion about the origin of Nair community. One argument is that Nairs are descendents of Nagas, once a mighty group of India. Nagas were the oldest and strongest group lived in India before the Aryan insurgency. They were in India even before the era of Ramayana. They were warriors in the Mahabharatha battle and mention to this effect was seen in Harivamsa and Vishnu Markandeya epics. The Surya and Soma dynasties were related to the Nagas. There is mention in Ramayana that Nagas witnessed the sea crossing of Hanuman." (From: http://nairs.in/nagas.htm) Ashwati Nair (talk) 12:14, 11 August 2017 (UTC)
"Noorum Palum is a unique ritual dedicated to Nagaraja and Nagayakshi Temples in Kerala. It is one of the most important rituals in temples dedicated to serpents in Kerala and it is performed by Malayali Nambuthiri Brahmins. In the ritual special offerings are made to Nagaraja and Nagayakshi. The main ritual involves bathing the naga murtis with milk mixed with rice powder. After this turmeric powder is scattered on the naga murtis."
Nāirs and Rājput relatives of Princess Abhirāmi[change source]
According to Shri.Krishna Singh, the Rajput relatives and attendants of Princess Abhirami initially settled down near Nagarcoil. After the revolt by the Kunju Thampis, the surviving Rajputs were brought to Trivandrum. Many of them were recruited into the Travancore Armed Forces, mainly in the cavalry division. Although their population was quite significant during the 18th century, this declined and many were assimilated into the Royal Nair clans of Travancore. (From historicalleys.blogspot.in) Ashwati Nair (talk) 08:18, 11 August 2017 (UTC)
Wealth in Nāir Families[change source]
"She is wonderfully fair, being the child of a rich Nair family, and richly dressed in a little crimson petticoat, starred with yellow, reaching to the pretty little feet, a bright green velvet bodice edged with gold lace, and a beautiful jewel of pearls." Book: Scenes in Southern India. Author: Maria Hay Flyter Mitchell. Ashwati Nair (talk) 19:14, 11 August 2017 (UTC)
"Traditionally, landlords in Alleppey were Devaswams (temple tenants), Brahmins, and a few rich Nair chieftains." Book: Social Conflict. Author: N.Jayaram. Ashwati Nair (talk) 19:29, 11 August 2017 (UTC)
"In the old feudal days, rich Nair and Namboodiri families had their own Thattans(Goldsmiths)." Book: The India Magazine of Her People and Culture - Volume 12. Ashwati Nair (talk) 19:39, 11 August 2017 (UTC)
"Irrespective of different theories that seek to explain that seek to explain the ancestry of Nairs, it is clear that until the early 20th century, Nairs exerted their influence in medieval Kerala society as feudal lords and owned large estates. The position in the society of Nairs as that of martial nobility in medieval Kerala has been likened to the position in society of Samurai in medieval Japan. Nairs dominated the civil, administrative and military elite of pre-British era in Kerala." Book: Martial races of undivided India. Author: Vidya Prakash Tyagi. Ashwati Nair (talk) 19:56, 11 August 2017 (UTC)
"On a festive occasion, if a Nair mother wishes her little girl to be nicely dressed, she loads her with gold and silver ornaments." From: The Coral missionary magazine. Ashwati Nair (talk) 18:52, 21 August 2017 (UTC)
"The Nair men wore earrings(Kadukkans), finger-rings(Mothirams) and waist-rings(Aranjaanams). These ornaments were generally made of gold." From: Kerala District Gazetteers: Palghat. Ashwati Nair (talk) 18:58, 21 August 2017 (UTC)
Land Reform[change source]
"Land reform, or passing and implementing new laws to alter or abolish old land tenures and to create new ones, was crucial to the transform of agrarian relations in Kerala. The first Communist Ministry represented a turning point in that transformation.
Land reform in Kerala had three major components. The first involved that burdensome complex and rampant affliction of Kerala agriculture, tenancy. Tenancy legislation had four main features. First, it sought to provide security of tenure to tenants. It is noteworthy that action on this front began less than a week after the Namboothiripadu ministry was sworn in. By an ordinance of April 11, 1957, evictions were prohibited and land holdings restored to tenants who were evicted from the formation of the state of Kerala. Secondly, arrears of rent were canceled. Thirdly, the rights of the Jenmi Landlords and intermediaries on tenanted land were taken over by Government. Where land rights were vested in Government and all payments were stopped. Fourthly, tenancy legislation sought to give land to the tiller." Book: Social Development and Public Policy. Edited by(Author): D. Ghai
"The repertoire of traditional vegetable dishes eaten in Kerala primarily from Hindu Namboothiri-Nair cuisine. The Namboothiris are Brahmins and their diet is vegetarian: they are also only 6 percent of the population and there you have your statistical representations of vegetarians. The Nairs were traditionally warriors and nobles and, as such, ate meat. On fasting and festival days, however, they would eat vegetarian food similar to that of Namboothiris.
Namboothiri-Nair cuisine has evolved with particular concern for health based Ayurvedic principles (discussed further on in this chapter). Ayurveda is traditional medicine system of India; the first writings on it appeared in the first millennium bc but the practices it describes are older. Food and eating habits are given particular attention in Ayurveda as what one eats is considered to have a significant effect on physical and spiritual well-being. Many of foreign foods such as chilli, that came to India many years after the system of Ayurveda was recorded, were not included in its dietary canon, or were assimilated only as medicine (modern Ayurveda practitioners do not include more 'recent' foods in their dietary prescriptions)." Book: The Penguin Food Guide to India. Author: Charmaine O' Brien. Ashwati Nair (talk) 04:06, 13 August 2017 (UTC)
Nair Tharavadu[change source]
"Many centuries ago there was a wealthy and aristocratic Nair Tharavad called Kadamgod in North Kerala. This family was one time reduced to one member, a woman, but fortunately, she was wonderfully fecund and gave birth to twelve sons and a daughter. The birth of the daughter after so many sons was a particularly joyous event in that matrilineal family, and the child became the darling of all." Book: Tales Once Told: Legends of Kerala Adapted from Kottarath Sankunni's Aithiyamala. Author: Abraham Eraly Ashwati Nair (talk) 19:22, 13 August 2017 (UTC)
"In this village, there was an ancient Nair Tharavadu named Poniyath. Now it is known as Veniyath. This was the ancestral house of Chattampi Swamikal. It was a family with spiritual tradition. His biographies by contemporaries list many of his ancestors who were scholars, saints, and Siddhas." Book: Chattampi Swami: An Intellectual Biography. Authors: R. Raman Nair, L. Sulochana Devi
"One of the most celebrated early modern magicians of Kerala was Cheranalloor Kunju-Karthav(he belonged to Cheranalloor Tharavadu) of the eighteenth century. He belonged to a village about a dozen kilometers north of Ernakulam and was the head of a prominent local family." Tales Once Told: Legends of Kerala Adapted from Kottarathil Sankunni's Aithihyamala. Author: Abraham Eraly.
"The first work in Malayalam, written strictly in accordance with all rules, is Ramachandravilasam of Azhakath Padmanabha Kurup(he belonged to Azhakath Tharavadu). Book: Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature, Volume 2. Author: Amaresh Datta.
"There were four Nair families under Vellathiri who used to send their heroes to fight and die in Maamaankam festival. These were Chandrath Panicker, Puthumana Panicker, Kokat Panicker, Verkot Panicker. Along with them went a number of soldiers drawn from 'arms-bearing' Nair castes." From: www.historicalleys.blogspot.in. Ashwati Nair (talk) 09:04, 20 August 2017 (UTC)
"Swami Chinmayananda's original name was Balakrishna. People used to call him Balan. He belongs to Poothampalliyil family of Ernakulam. Late Shri.Neelakantha Menon who was the chief justice of erstwhile State of Cochin belonged to his family. His father Shri.Vadakke Kuruppath Kuttan Menon was Munsiff in Cochin state judicial service. Vadakke Kuruppath is a famous aristocratic Nair family in Kerala which has produced eminent men and women." Book: Encyclopaedia of Oriental Philosophy and Religion: A Continuing series, Volume 1. Edited by(Author): Nagendra Kr Singh, A. P. Mishra. Ashwati Nair (talk) 04:30, 21 August 2017 (UTC)
Once upon a time, terms like Ammachi and Panampillai Amma formed an integral part of Royal Travancore marriage customs. Travancore adopted matrilineal custom (Marumakkathaayam) where power was passed through female heirs. For the same reason, male members of Royal family were allowed to do Sambandham from real Nair families. In case they marry from same caste, children born from this marriage will become next ruler. From Ammachis and Ammaveedus - mywordsandthoughts.com. Ashwati Nair (talk) 03:38, 22 August 2017 (UTC)