Tatars

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Tatars
Tatarlar / Татарлар
RuslanChagaev.jpg
Shihabetdin Marcani.jpg
G.Kh.Akhatov (1951).jpg Safina signing autographs.jpg
Bilya.JPG
Ayaz IskhakiRuslan Chagaev
Şihabetdin MärcaniPyotr Gavrilov
Gabdulkhay AkhatovDinara Safina
Diniyar BilyaletdinovĞabdulla Tuqay
Total population
ca. 6.8 million[source?]
Regions with significant populations
 Russia : 5,310,649[1]
 Uzbekistan467,829[2]
 Kazakhstan203,371[3]
 Ukraine73,304[4]
 Turkmenistan36,355[5]
 Kyrgyzstan31,500[source?]
 Tajikistan19,000[source?]
 China5,064[6]
Languages
Tatar, Russian
Religion
Sunni Islam majority, Russian Orthodox minority

Tatars refer to a number of Turkic-speaking peoples,[7] which include (but are not limited to) the Volga Tatars, Lipka Tatars, Siberian Tatars. But do not include the Crimean Tatars.[8][9] Most Tatars live in Russia (forming the majority in Tatarstan), as well as in countries as Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, Bulgaria, China, Kazakhstan, Romania, Turkey, and Uzbekistan.

Smaller minorities of Tatars live in Israel, France, Canada, Australia, the United States, Finland, and Japan.

The Tatars mostly practice Sunni Islam.

Their closest relatives are the Bashkirs, and they are also related to the Azerbaijanis, Kazakhs, Chuvash people, and the Turkish people.

History[change | change source]

Historically, the word "Tatar" might have referred to the Tatar confederation, which eventually became part of the Mongol Empire when Genghis Khan joined the various Eurasian steppe tribes into one empire.[10] The term "Tatars" was spelled as "Tartars" on occasion. In the past, this term was used to refer to anyone coming from North and Central Asia dominated by many predominantly Turco-Mongol empires and kingdoms. Neighbouring non-Turkic peoples called any Turkic-speaking people Tatar. Nowadays, this term is used to refer to certain Turkic peoples.

Russian historian D. Iskhakov wrote in 2000: “the real history of Tatars, of the people in every respect historical, is not written yet”. However, a book by independent Tatar historian Galy Yenikeyev about the unwritten history of the Tatars[11] claims to have new facts.

Sources[change | change source]

  1. Russian Census 2010: Population by ethnicity Archived 2013-12-04 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  2. "Uzbekistan – Ethnic minorities" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-06-03.[permanent dead link]
  3. Агентство Республики Казахстан по статистике: Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам на 1 января 2012 года Archived 2013-06-03 at the Wayback Machine stat.kz
  4. "About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001". Ukraine Census 2001. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  5. Asgabat.net-городской социально-информационный портал :Итоги всеобщей переписи населения Туркменистана по национальному составу в 1995 году. Archived 2016-03-10 at the Wayback Machine
  6. National Bureau of Statistics of China- Data from 1990 cencus :Geographic distribution of minority nationalities[permanent dead link]
  7. "Tatar - people".
  8. The Crimean Tatars: The Diaspora Experience and the Forging of a Nation by Brian Glyn Williams
  9. Крымские татары - Big Russian Encyclopedia
  10.  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainKropotkin, Peter; Eliot, Charles (1911). "Tatars". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 448–449.
  11. http://www.smashwords.com/books/view/175211