Template:Multiple image

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This template creates a box containing between two and ten images, arranged either vertically or horizontally and with captions for the entire box or per image.

With the appropriate choice of parameters, the template can automatically resize images to a given total width with each image having the same height.

Be aware that this template does not respect users' default image size preferences. (Wikipedia:Image use policy states: "Except with very good reason, do not use px"... "which forces a fixed image width. In most cases upright=scaling factor should be used, thereby respecting the user's base preference (which may have been selected for that user's particular devices).")

If image size parameters are omitted, this template sets all images at 200px wide, regardless of whether the reader has set a preference for some other default image width. This causes multiple images to look out of scale to the other images in an article.

Syntax and parameters[change source]

Provide height[n] and total_width parameters to obtain automatic resizing. Note the different meanings of the width[n] parameters with vs. without automatic resizing.

No automatic resizing of all images to the same height
{{multiple image
<!-- Layout parameters -->
 | align             = <!-- right (default), left, center, none --> 
 | direction         = <!-- horizontal (default), vertical -->
 | background color  = <!-- box background -->
 | width             = <!-- displayed width of each image in pixels (an integer, omit "px" suffix); overrides "width[n]"s below -->
 | caption_align     = <!-- left (default), center, right --> 

<!-- Header -->
 | header_background = 
 | header_align      = <!-- center (default), left, right -->
 | header            = 

<!--image 1-->
 | image1            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | width1            = <!-- displayed width of image; overridden by "width" above -->
 | alt1              = 
 | link1             = 
 | thumbtime1        =
 | caption1          = 
<!--image 2-->
 | image2            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | width2            = <!-- displayed width of image; overridden by "width" above -->
 | alt2              = 
 | link2             = 
 | thumbtime2        =
 | caption2          = 
<!-- and so on, to a maximum of 10 images (image10) -->

<!-- Footer -->
 | footer_background = 
 | footer_align      = <!-- left (default), center, right -->
 | footer            = 
}}
Automatic resizing of all images to the same height and to a given total width
{{multiple image
<!-- Layout parameters -->
 | align             = <!-- right (default), left, center, none --> 
 | direction         = <!-- horizontal (default), vertical -->
 | background color  = <!-- box background -->
 | total_width       = <!-- total width of all the displayed images in pixels (an integer, omit "px" suffix) -->
 | caption_align     = <!-- left (default), center, right --> 

<!-- Header -->
 | header_background = 
 | header_align      = <!-- center (default), left, right -->
 | header            = 

<!--image 1-->
 | image1            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | alt1              = 
 | link1             = 
 | thumbtime1        =
 | caption1          = 
<!--image 2-->
 | image2            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | alt2              = 
 | link2             = 
 | thumbtime2        =
 | caption2          = 
<!-- and so on, to a maximum of 10 images (image10) -->

<!-- Footer -->
 | footer_background = 
 | footer_align      = <!-- left (default), center, right -->
 | footer            = 
}}
Parameter Description
align right (default), left, center
direction horizontal (default), vertical
background color To set the background color of the box in which the images appear.
header_background
header_align center (default), left, right
header
width Use to set the same width for each image (i.e. overrides any width[n] below). Do not include if different image widths intended, including if images are to be resized to a fixed total width.
total_width Use to scale the images to the same height and this total width. Do not use both total_width and width.
image[n] (where [n] = 1 to 10)  Filename of [n]th image.
width[n] (as above)  Two meanings: (1) The width (in pixels, integer, omit "px") of [n]th image. Overridden by width (if set). (2) The full width of the original [n]th image if total_width is given in order to resize all images to the same height and a given total width.
height[n] (as above)  The full height of the original [n]th image if total_width is given in order to resize all images to the same height and a given total width. Ignored otherwise.
alt[n] (as above)  Alt description for [n]th image.
link[n] (as above)  To specify the page to which the [n]th image is linked (i.e. the page that is loaded when the image is clicked). If set as empty (e.g. ...|alt1=... |link1= |caption1=...), linking is disabled (even to the standard Wikipedia image description page); consider WP:ALT.
Note: This parameter must not be used with images that have been given free licenses (such as the GDFL or a free CC license) as these licenses require images to be linked to a declaration of the license under which they are being used.
thumbtime[n] (as above)  When using Ogg Theora files, sets the time within the video that is used for the initial display. This is either a number of seconds or hours:minutes:seconds; see commons:Commons:Video#Setting a video thumbnail image.
caption[n] (as above)  Caption for the [n]th image.
caption_align left (default), center, right
footer_background
footer_align left (default), center, right
footer Caption that spans the entire box, as opposed to individual images. Avoid "left" and "right" if possible, since mobile devices may display the images vertically.

Examples[change source]

Yellow cartouche
Red cartouche
Players are cautioned with a yellow card and sent off with a red card.
{{multiple image
 | width = 60
 | image1 = Yellow card.svg
 | alt1 = Yellow cartouche
 | image2 = Red card.svg
 | alt2 = Red cartouche
 | footer = Players are cautioned with a yellow card and sent off with a red card.
}}
PNG transparency demonstration
Colored dice with white background
A PNG image with an 8-bit transparency layer...
Colored dice with checkered background
...here overlaying a checkered background.
{{multiple image
 | align = left
 | direction = vertical
 | width = 200
 | header = [[Portable Network Graphics|PNG]] transparency demonstration
 | image1 = PNG transparency demonstration 1.png
 | alt1 = Colored dice with white background
 | caption1 = A PNG image with an 8-bit transparency layer...
 | image2 = PNG transparency demonstration 2.png
 | alt2 = Colored dice with checkered background
 | caption2 = ...here overlaying a checkered background.
}}
2
3
4
When a user has many of one type of barnstar, they can represent them with ribbons and these numerals to indicate the count.
{{multiple image
 | width = 60
 | image1=Ribbon numeral 2.png | alt1=2
 | image2=Ribbon numeral 3.png | alt2=3
 | image3=Ribbon numeral 4.png | alt3=4
 | footer = When a user has many of one type of [[WP:BARN|barnstar]], they can represent them with [[WP:RIBBON|ribbons]] and these numerals to indicate the count.
}}

With background color[change source]

Green herb with a few tiny yellow-white flowers
Three small white and yellow flowers before green-leaf background
Leaves of a plant, in groups of three each with three lobes
Adoxa (Adoxa moschatellina)
{{multiple image
 | background color = #BBDD99
 | width = 160
 | image1 = Adoxa_moschatellina_210406.jpg
 | alt1 = Green herb with a few tiny yellow-white flowers
 | image2 = Adoxa_moschatellina_210406a.jpg
 | alt2 = Three small white and yellow flowers before green-leaf background
 | image3 = adoxa_moschatellina_blatt.jpeg
 | alt3 = Leaves of a plant, in groups of three each with three lobes
 | footer_background = #BBDD99
 | footer_align = center
 | footer = [[Adoxa]] (''Adoxa moschatellina'')
}}

With links (link[n])[change source]

A mule
A mule
(骡子 luózi)
A donkey
A donkey
(驴子 lǘzi)
A trout
A fish
( )
The image of the mule links to Mule; the image of the donkey does not link anywhere; the image of the trout links to a standard image description page.
{{multiple image
 | align = left

 | image1 = Frecklesmule.jpg
 | width1 = 143
 | alt1 = A mule
 | link1 = Mule
 | caption1 = A mule<br />(骡子 ''luózi'')

 | image2 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | width2 = 150
 | alt2 = A donkey
 | link2 = 
 | caption2  = A donkey<br />(驴子 ''lǘzi'')</center>

 | image3 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | width3 = 91
 | alt3 = A trout
 | caption3  = A fish<br />({{lang|zh|2=鱼}} '''')</center>

 | footer = The image of the mule links to [[Mule]]; the image of the donkey does not link anywhere; the image of the trout links to a [[Image description page|standard image description page]].
}}

Using direction[change source]

By default, the images the template presents are displayed horizontally, as a row (see left; equivalent to setting |direction=horizontal). To display them vertically, i.e. as a column, set |direction=vertical (see right).

(horizontal)
(vertical)

On mobile devices some images may always be displayed vertically if the total width is larger than around 320.

To match image heights[change source]

  • Decide on a total width for all the images, say 320px
  • Set the total width using |total_width=
A donkey
Rectangular image of a donkey, originally 536 pixels high.
A trout
Square image of a trout, originally 300 pixels high.
Both images have been rendered with the same height, and a total width of 320px
{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320

 | image1 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Rectangular image of a donkey, originally 536 pixels high.

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Square image of a trout, originally 300 pixels high.

 | footer = Both images have been rendered with the same height, and a total width of 320px
}}

The aspect ratio of each image is automatically retrieved from the File metadata. You can override the native width and height values by

  • Examining the individual image pages to obtain the full resolution. For example:
  • Specify the full width and height for each image, of the form:
    • |width1= |height1= |width2= |height2=

Multiple rows[change source]

To create an array of images, with multiple rows, use |perrow=. The value passed to |perrow= may be a single number, or a list of numbers delimited by /. This feature may also be combined with |total_width= for multiple rows of images with the same total width.

Surveying Equipment. Clockwise from upper left: Optical Theodolite, Robotic total station, Optical level, RTK GPS Base station.
{{multiple image|perrow = 2|total_width=300
| image1 = Kern_Theodolit_DKM2-A.jpg
| image2 = Total-Robotic-Station.jpg
| image3 = DumpyLevel.jpg
| image4 = GPS_Survey_Equipment_at_Weir_Dyke_Bridge_-_geograph.org.uk_-_336908.jpg
| footer = Surveying Equipment. Clockwise from upper left: Optical Theodolite, Robotic total station, Optical level, [[Real-time kinematic | RTK]] GPS Base station.
}}

Removing the image border[change source]

The border around the images can be removed using |image_style=border:none.

A donkey
Image of a donkey
A trout
Image of a trout
{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320
 | image_style = border:none;

 | image1 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Image of a donkey

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Image of a trout
}}

Increasing the gap between images[change source]

The gap between the images can be increased using |image_gap=N, where N is the number of pixels (must be non-negative).

A donkey
Image of a donkey
A trout
Image of a trout
{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320
 | image_gap = 20

 | image1 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Image of a donkey

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Image of a trout
}}

TemplateData[change source]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Multiple image

This template creates a box with two to ten images arranged vertically or horizontally with captions for the entire box and/or for each images.
ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
Alignmentalign
Sets text-wrapping around image box, where "none" places the box on the left edge with no text-wrapping, "center" places the box at center with no text-wrapping and "left" and "right" refer to position of box on screen with text-wrapping.
Default
right
Example
left/right/center/none
Stringsuggested
Directiondirection
Direction in which to tile the images.
Default
horizontal
Example
horizontal/vertical
Stringsuggested
Widthwidth
Width overrides Width 1, Width 2, Width 3, etc. If you want the images to be different sizes, do not provide the width parameter. Integer width in pixels; no "px" suffix
Example
200
Stringsuggested
Background colorbackground color
Defines the background color between the border of the box and the images.
Stringoptional
Caption alignmentcaption_align
Default
left
Example
left/right/center
Stringoptional
Header backgroundheader_backgroundStringoptional
Header alignmentheader_align
Default
center
Example
left/right/center
Stringoptional
HeaderheaderStringoptional
Image 1image1
Image 1 is name of first image. Similarly for Image 2, etc. File name only; no "File:" or "Image:" prefix.
Example
example.jpg
Stringsuggested
Width 1width1
width 1 is width of first image. Similarly for Width 2, etc.
Numberoptional
Alt text 1alt1
The alt text of first image (see WP:ALT). Similarly for Alt text 2, etc.
Stringoptional
Caption 1caption1
Caption 1 is caption of first image. Similarly for Caption 2, etc.
Stringsuggested
Link 1link1
Where the first page links to. Similarly for Link 2, etc. If not specified, image links to the image description page as usual. If specified to the empty value, the image does not link anywhere; this should be used for purely decorative images as per WP:ALT. Important: If the image is under a free license like the GFDL or a CC license, you must not use this parameter as the terms of those licenses require the license, or a link to it, to be reproduced with the image. The image must, therefore, link to its image page. Public domain and (theoretically) fair use images are not subject to this restriction.
Pageoptional
Thumbtime 1thumbtime1
If image1 is an Ogg Theora file, sets the time within the video that is used for the initial display. Either a number of seconds or hours:minutes:seconds. Similarly for Thumb time 2, etc.
Stringoptional
Image 2image2
Example
example.jpg
Stringsuggested
Width 2width2Numberoptional
Alt text 2alt2Stringoptional
Caption 2caption2Stringsuggested
Link 2link2Pageoptional
Thumbtime 2thumbtime2Stringoptional
Image 3image3
Example
example.jpg
Stringoptional
Width 3width3Numberoptional
Alt text 3alt3Stringoptional
Caption 3caption3Stringoptional
Link 3link3Pageoptional
Thumbtime 3thumbtime3Stringoptional
Footer backgroundfooter_backgroundStringoptional
Footer alignmentfooter_align
Default
left
Example
left/right/center
Stringoptional
FooterfooterStringoptional

Format: block

Test of raw TemplateData output:

This template creates a box with two to ten images arranged vertically or horizontally with captions for the entire box and/or for each images.

Template parameters

This template has custom formatting.

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
Alignmentalign

Sets text-wrapping around image box, where "none" places the box on the left edge with no text-wrapping, "center" places the box at center with no text-wrapping and "left" and "right" refer to position of box on screen with text-wrapping.

Default
right
Example
left/right/center/none
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Directiondirection

Direction in which to tile the images.

Default
horizontal
Example
horizontal/vertical
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Widthwidth

Width overrides Width 1, Width 2, Width 3, etc. If you want the images to be different sizes, do not provide the width parameter. Integer width in pixels; no "px" suffix

Default
empty
Example
200
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Background colorbackground color

Defines the background color between the border of the box and the images.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Caption alignmentcaption_align

no description

Default
left
Example
left/right/center
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Header backgroundheader_background

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Header alignmentheader_align

no description

Default
center
Example
left/right/center
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Headerheader

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Image 1image1

Image 1 is name of first image. Similarly for Image 2, etc. File name only; no "File:" or "Image:" prefix.

Default
empty
Example
example.jpg
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Width 1width1

width 1 is width of first image. Similarly for Width 2, etc.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Numberoptional
Alt text 1alt1

The alt text of first image (see WP:ALT). Similarly for Alt text 2, etc.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Caption 1caption1

Caption 1 is caption of first image. Similarly for Caption 2, etc.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Link 1link1

Where the first page links to. Similarly for Link 2, etc. If not specified, image links to the image description page as usual. If specified to the empty value, the image does not link anywhere; this should be used for purely decorative images as per WP:ALT. Important: If the image is under a free license like the GFDL or a CC license, you must not use this parameter as the terms of those licenses require the license, or a link to it, to be reproduced with the image. The image must, therefore, link to its image page. Public domain and (theoretically) fair use images are not subject to this restriction.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Thumbtime 1thumbtime1

If image1 is an Ogg Theora file, sets the time within the video that is used for the initial display. Either a number of seconds or hours:minutes:seconds. Similarly for Thumb time 2, etc.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Image 2image2

no description

Default
empty
Example
example.jpg
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Width 2width2

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Numberoptional
Alt text 2alt2

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Caption 2caption2

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Link 2link2

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Thumbtime 2thumbtime2

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Image 3image3

no description

Default
empty
Example
example.jpg
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Width 3width3

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Numberoptional
Alt text 3alt3

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Caption 3caption3

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Link 3link3

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Thumbtime 3thumbtime3

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Footer backgroundfooter_background

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Footer alignmentfooter_align

no description

Default
left
Example
left/right/center
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Footerfooter

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional

Tracking categories[change source]

See also[change source]