Tense (grammar)

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Tense is the form of an action with respective time.[1] There are three main tenses:

  1. Present tense: we are using daily actives and statements and universal truth.
    • For Example: She goes to school. In this sentence, goes shows that it is a present tense
  2. Past tense: which work was complete in past time and that action completed in present time .
    • For Example: She went to school. In this sentence, went shows that it is a past tense.
  3. Future tense: The action show will be future time.
    • For Example: She will go to school. In this sentence, will shows that it is a future tense.

Tense can be shown by changing the spelling of a verb. For example, be can become am, is, and are in present tense, and was and were in past tense. In English, future tense is shown by adding will before the verb. For example, be becomes will be in future tense.

Note:These tenses can be subdivided further. (See below)

of tense within each main tense. They are formed by adding "helping words" or "auxiliary words", such as be and have, before the verb. For example, "I give", "I have given", "I am giving", and "I have been giving" are all in present tense, but have different meanings. This is called aspect.[2] 

Other languages have different ways of showing tense. For example, Latin usually shows tense by changing the verb, like English. However, Chinese and Indonesian show tense by adding new words, instead of changing the verb.

References[change | change source]

  1. Concise Oxford Dictionary, 9th ed, p1436.
  2. Crystal, David 1995. The Cambridge encyclopedia of the English language, p225: 'Aspects'. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-40179-8