Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn (Thai: ถนอม กิตติขจร, Thai pronunciation: pronounced [stʰà.nɔ̌ːm kìt.tì.kʰa.t͡ɕɔ̌ːn]; 11 August 1911 – 16 June 2004) was the leader of Thailand from 1963 to 1973. He illegally tried to stay in power. Public protests which became violent forced him to quit. His return from exile in 1976 caused protests. On October 6, 1976, many people in these protests were killed, and a military coup happened later that day.