|Part of the Strategic bombing campaign of World War II|
A Heinkel He 111 bomber over the Surrey Commercial Docks in South London and Wapping and the Isle of Dogs in the East End of London on 7 September 1940
|United Kingdom||Nazi Germany|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Casualties and losses|
~40,000–43,000 civilians killed|
Two million houses damaged or destroyed (60 percent of these in London)
2,265 aircraft (summer 1940 – May 1941)
The Blitz was a German bombing campaign against the United Kingdom in 1940 and 1941, during the Second World War. The term was first used by the British press and came from the term Blitzkrieg, the German word for 'lightning war'.
The Germans conducted mass air attacks against industrial targets, towns, and cities, beginning with raids on London towards the end of the Battle of Britain in 1940.