The Cheviot

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The Cheviot
The Cheviot under snow - geograph.org.uk - 1270727.jpg
The Cheviot under snow
Highest point
Elevation815 m (2,674 ft)[1][2]
Prominence556 m (1,824 ft)[2]
Parent peakBroad Law
ListingMarilyn, Hewitt, County Top, Nuttall
Coordinates55°28′42″N 2°08′44″W / 55.47823°N 2.14553°W / 55.47823; -2.14553Coordinates: 55°28′42″N 2°08′44″W / 55.47823°N 2.14553°W / 55.47823; -2.14553
Naming
English translation(Hill) having the quality of a ridge
Language of nameCommon Brittonic
Geography
The Cheviot is located in Northumberland
The Cheviot
The Cheviot
The Cheviot in Northumberland
LocationCheviot Hills, England
OS gridNT909205
Topo mapOS Landranger 74/75
Geology
Age of rockEarly Devonian[3]
Mountain typeStratovolcano (extinct)
Last eruption+393 MYA[3]

The Cheviot is an extinct volcano and the highest peak in Northumberland[4] at 815 meters (2,674 feet) which is 1+14 miles (2 kilometres) from the Scottish border.[5]

It would have formed 390 million years ago during the Caledonian orogeny,[6] when the mantle crust would melt after an eruption, which may have measured a height of 3,000 meters (10,000 feet) almost the same height as Mount Etna in Italy,[7] and a diameter of 37 miles. during its last eruptions they could have been explosive and violent and the lava could have flowed up to Branxton and Flodden Ridge[8] while the pyroclastics flows up to Coquetdale and Ingram.[9]

Undercarriage of B-17 from WWII abandoned in The Cheviot.[8]

Currently, the rest of this extinct volcano has been intensely eroded[7] where several bodies of water would radiate.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. Bathurst, David (2012). Walking the county high points of England. Chichester: Summersdale. pp. 264-271. ISBN 978-1-84-953239-6.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "The Cheviot".
  3. 3.0 3.1 Scrutton, Colin. "Page 1 Cheviot - early Devonian volcanic rocks,granite and basement".
  4. Hall, Gemma (2012). Slow Northumberland and Durham. Slow Northumberland and Durham - Including Newcastle, Hadrian's Wall and the Coast: Bradt Travel Guides. ISBN 9781841624334.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "The Cheviot Hills". Geology North. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
  6. [1] How this tranquil part of the North East is far from the madding crowd . Chronicle Live. Retrieved November 28, 2021.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Walking in a volcano". Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Kille, Ian. "15. Geology of the battlefield and wider landscape". Flodden 1513. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  9. Upton, B. G. J. (2015). Volcanoes and the Making of Scotland. Dunedin Academic Press Ltd. ISBN 978-1780465418. Retrieved 14 August 2019.

Other websites[change | change source]