Theresa May

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The Right Honourable
Theresa May
MP
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Incumbent
Assumed office
13 July 2016[1]
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by David Cameron
Leader of the Conservative Party
Incumbent
Assumed office
11 July 2016
Preceded by David Cameron
Home Secretary
In office
12 May 2010 – 13 July 2016
Prime Minister David Cameron
Preceded by Alan Johnson
Succeeded by Amber Rudd
Minister for Women and Equalities
In office
12 May 2010 – 4 September 2012
Prime Minister David Cameron
Preceded by Harriet Harman
Succeeded by Maria Miller
Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
In office
19 January 2009 – 11 May 2010
Leader David Cameron
Preceded by Chris Grayling
Succeeded by Yvette Cooper
Shadow Minister for Women and Equality
In office
2 July 2007 – 11 May 2010
Leader David Cameron
Preceded by Eleanor Laing
Succeeded by Yvette Cooper
In office
15 June 1999 – 18 September 2001
Shadow Minister for Women
Leader William Hague
Preceded by Gillian Shephard
Succeeded by Caroline Spelman
Shadow Leader of the House of Commons
In office
6 December 2005 – 19 January 2009
Leader David Cameron
Preceded by Chris Grayling
Succeeded by Alan Duncan
Shadow Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport
In office
6 May 2005 – 8 December 2005
Leader Michael Howard
Preceded by John Whittingdale
Succeeded by Hugo Swire
Shadow Secretary of State for the Family
In office
15 June 2004 – 8 December 2005
Leader Michael Howard
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Position abolished
Shadow Secretary of State for Environment and Transport
In office
6 November 2003 – 14 June 2004
Leader Michael Howard
Preceded by David Lidington (Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
Tim Collins (Transport)
Succeeded by Tim Yeo
Chairman of the Conservative Party
In office
23 July 2002 – 6 November 2003
Leader Iain Duncan Smith
Preceded by David Davis
Succeeded by Liam Fox
The Lord Saatchi
Shadow Secretary of State for Transport
In office
6 June 2002 – 23 July 2002
Leader Iain Duncan Smith
Preceded by Herself (Transport, Local Government and the Regions)
Succeeded by Tim Collins
Shadow Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions
In office
18 September 2001 – 6 June 2002
Leader Iain Duncan Smith
Preceded by Archie Norman (Environment, Transport and the Regions)
Succeeded by Herself (Transport)
Eric Pickles (Local Government and the Regions)
Shadow Secretary of State for Education and Employment
In office
15 June 1999 – 18 September 2001
Leader William Hague
Preceded by David Willetts
Succeeded by Damian Green (Education and Skills)
David Willetts (Work and Pensions)
Personal details
Born Theresa Mary Brasier
1 October 1956 (1956-10-01) (age 60)
Eastbourne, England, United Kingdom
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Philip May (m. 1980–present) «start: (1980-09-06)»"Marriage: Philip May to Theresa May" Location: (linkback://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theresa_May)
Alma mater St Hugh's College, Oxford
Religion Anglicanism[2][3]
Website Prime Minister's Office

Theresa Mary May (née Brazier, born 1 October 1956) is a British politician and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom since 2016. She was born in Eastbourne, Sussex, and grew up in Oxfordshire.[4][5] She is the Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of Maidenhead in the House of Commons. She was the Home Secretary in the David Cameron Conservative government.

Early life[change | change source]

May was born on 1 October 1956 in Eastbourne, Sussex. May is the only child of Zaidee Mary (née Barnes; 1928–1982) and Hubert Brasier (1917–1981). Her father was a Church of England clergyman.[4][6][7][8] May was educated at Oxfordshire primary and grammar schools in the State sector.

Early career[change | change source]

From 1977 and 1983 May worked at the Bank of England, and from 1985 to 1997 as a financial consultant and senior advisor in International Affairs at the Association for Payment Clearing Services.[9] May's parents died during this period, her father in a car accident in 1981 and her mother of multiple sclerosis a year later.[10][11] May served as a councillor for the London Borough of Merton from 1986 to 1994, where she was Chairman of Education (1988–90) and Deputy Group Leader and Housing Spokesman (1992–94).

Early political work[change | change source]

She first became a Conservative Party MP at the 1997 general election and was promoted to the shadow cabinet in 1999. She held several positions in the shadow cabinet,[12] including Chairman of the Conservative Party (July 2002-November 2003) and Shadow Leader of the House of Commons (December 2005-January 2009).

Home Secretary (2010-2016)[change | change source]

She became the Home Secretary and Minister for Women and Equality on 12 May 2010.

In December 2010, May declared that deployment of water cannon by police forces in mainland Britain was an operational decision which had been "resisted until now by senior police officers."[13] She rejected their use following the widespread rioting in Summer 2011. In 2010, May promised to bring the level of net migration down to less than 100,000.[14] In February 2015, The Independent reported, "The Office for National Statistics (ONS) announced a net flow of 298,000 migrants to the UK in the 12 months to September 2014—up from 210,000 in the previous year."

At the Conservative Party Conference on 4 October 2011, while arguing that the Human Rights Act needed to be amended, May gave the example of a foreign national who the Courts ruled was allowed to remain in the UK, "because—and I am not making this up—he had a pet cat".

In May 2012, she said she supported same-sex marriage. She recorded a video for the Out4Marriage campaign.[15]

In July 2013, May decided to ban the stimulant khat, against the advice of the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD). The council said that there was "insufficient evidence" it caused health problems.[16]

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (since 2016)[change | change source]

2016 Conservative Party leadership election[change | change source]

May was a candidate in the upcoming election for leadership of the Conservative Party. May described herself as a candidate who will unify the party after a 'divisive' referendum (Brexit).[17][18] She won the first ballot on 5 July 2016 by a large margin with 50% of the votes. On 7 July, May won the votes of 199 MPs, facing the vote of Conservative Party members in a contest with Andrea Leadsom.[19]

Leadsom's withdrawal from the contest on 11 July led to May being set to be appointed party leader and hence, Prime Minister, an office she assumed on 13 July 2016.[20][21]

Early days[change | change source]

After being appointed by the Queen on 13 July 2016, May became[22] the United Kingdom's second female Prime Minister, after Margaret Thatcher. She is the first female Prime minister of the 21st century.[1]

May told the media on 12 July 2016 that she was "honoured and humbled" to be the party leader and to become prime minister. Responding to some calls for a general election (reported by the news media) to confirm her mandate, "sources close to Mrs May" said there would be no such election according to the BBC.[23]

Personal life[change | change source]

She married Philip John May on 6 September 1980. She has no children because she was unable to have them.[24]

In 2013, she was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes.[25]

May is a member of the Church of England and regularly worships at church on Sunday.[26]

Honors[change | change source]

Styles[change | change source]

  • Miss Theresa Brasier (1956–1980)
  • Mrs Philip May (1980–1997)
  • Theresa May MP (1997–2003)
  • The Rt Hon Theresa May MP (2003–present)

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Theresa May to succeed Cameron as UK PM on Wednesday". BBC. 11 July 2016. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-36768148. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  2. Gimson, Andrew (20 October 2012). "Theresa May: minister with a mind of her own". The Observer (London). http://www.theguardian.com/theobserver/2012/oct/20/profile-theresa-may. "May said: 'I am a practising member of the Church of England, a vicar's daughter.'"
  3. Howse, Christopher (29 November 2014). "Theresa May's Desert Island hymn". The Daily Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/11263458/Theresa-Mays-Desert-Island-hymn.html. "The Home Secretary declared that she was a 'regular communicant' in the Church of England"
  4. 4.0 4.1 The International Who's Who. Europa Publications. 2004. p. 1114.
  5. Davies, Ben (22 May 2001). "Vote 2001:Key People Theresa May Education and Employment". BBC News Online (BBC). http://news.bbc.co.uk/news/vote2001/hi/english/key_people/newsid_1179000/1179350.stm. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  6. Davies, Ben (22 May 2001). "Vote 2001: Key People Theresa May Education and Employment". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/news/vote2001/hi/english/key_people/newsid_1179000/1179350.stm. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  7. "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. http://www.freebmd.org.uk/cgi/information.pl?cite=VNsoQkakVvS4ZOt%2BPDCNNw&scan=1.
  8. "Famous family trees: Theresa May". Blog.findmypast.co.uk. 19 March 2013. https://blog.findmypast.co.uk/famous-family-trees-theresa-may-1406260824.html. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  9. "As Theresa May makes a bid for prime minister we look at her first foray into politics". http://www.itv.com/news/meridian/2016-07-07/theresa-may-then-and-now-as-she-makes-a-bid-for-prime-minister-we-look-at-her-first-foray-into-westminster/.
  10. Day, Elizabeth. "Theresa May – what lies beyond the public image?". The Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/jul/27/theresa-may-profile-beyond-the-public-image. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  11. Mendick, Robert. "The Oxford romance that has guided Theresa May from tragedy to triumph". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/07/09/the-oxford-romance-that-has-guided-theresa-may-from-tragedy-to-t/. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  12. "Howard unveils his top team". BBC News Online (BBC). 10 November 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/3255441.stm. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
  13. Porter, Andrew (12 December 2010). "Police could use water cannon to disperse rioters, Theresa May says". The Daily Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/8197432/Police-could-use-water-cannon-to-disperse-rioters-Theresa-May-says.html. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
  14. "Theresa May to tell Tory conference that mass migration threatens UK cohesion". The Guardian (London). 6 October 2015. http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2015/oct/06/theresa-may-to-tell-tory-conference-that-mass-migration-threatens-uk-cohesion.
  15. Home Secretary Theresa May comes @Out4Marriage retrieved 24 May 2012
  16. "Herbal stimulant khat to be banned". BBC News. 3 July 2013.
  17. "Theresa May's Tory Leadership Launch Statement". The Independent (London, UK). 30 June 2016. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/theresa-mays-tory-leadership-launch-statement-full-text-a7111026.html.
  18. Elgot, Jessica (30 June 2016). "Theresa May launches Tory leadership bid with pledge to unite country". The Guardian (London, UK). http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2016/jun/30/theresa-may-launches-tory-leadership-bid-with-pledge-to-unite-country.
  19. "Theresa May v Andrea Leadsom to be next prime minister". BBC News. 8 July 2016. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-36737426. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  20. "Theresa May to succeed Cameron as UK PM on Wednesday". BBC. BBC. 13 July 2016. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-36768148. "The timing of the handover of power from David Cameron looks set to be after PM's questions on Wednesday."
  21. "Theresa May gives first speech as leader of the Conservative party". The Telegraph (London, UK). 11 July 2016. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/07/11/theresa-may-launches-conservative-leadership-bid-as-andrea-leads/.
  22. McKenzie, Sheena. "Theresa May becomes new British Prime Minister". CNN.com. http://www.cnn.com/2016/07/13/europe/theresa-may-david-cameron-british-prime-minister/index.html. Retrieved 2016-07-13.
  23. "Tributes for David Cameron at his final cabinet as UK PM". BBC News. BBC. 12 July 2016. http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-36769898.
  24. Orr, Deborah (14 December 2009). "Theresa May: David Cameron's lady in waiting". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2009/dec/14/theresa-may-lady-in-waiting. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
  25. Theresa May diagnosed with diabetes
  26. "Church of England and Theresa May". The Times: p. 26. 15 March 2012.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Theresa May at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Theresa May at Wikiquote